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Shultz Sedaag 2008
Shultz Sedaag 2008
Shultz Sedaag 2008
Shultz Sedaag 2008
Shultz Sedaag 2008
Shultz Sedaag 2008
Shultz Sedaag 2008
Shultz Sedaag 2008
Shultz Sedaag 2008
Shultz Sedaag 2008
Shultz Sedaag 2008
Shultz Sedaag 2008
Shultz Sedaag 2008
Shultz Sedaag 2008
Shultz Sedaag 2008
Shultz Sedaag 2008
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Shultz Sedaag 2008

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This presentation, co-authored with Charlynn Burd, was given at the 2008 meeting of the Southeastern Division of the AAG.

This presentation, co-authored with Charlynn Burd, was given at the 2008 meeting of the Southeastern Division of the AAG.

Published in: Technology, Economy & Finance
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  • Transcript

    • 1. BENJAMIN SHULTZ AND CHARLYNN BURD UNIVERSITY OF TENNESSEE GEOGRAPHY SEDAAG NOVEMBER 25, 2008 The Southern Gentry: Re-Examining Patterns of Growth and Change in the New South
    • 2. Introduction <ul><li>Patterns of nonmetropolitan growth and change </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Interdisciplinary research for past 3 decades </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Major research emphasis </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Traditional economic base rooted in primary and secondary sectors </li></ul></ul><ul><li>New economic shifts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Services, real estate, retail, entertainment, tourism </li></ul></ul>
    • 3. Introduction <ul><li>Economic restructuring and natural amenities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Natural amenities population/economic growth </li></ul></ul><ul><li>“ Quality of Life” migration </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Growth in nontraditional sectors </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Heavy focus on “New West” </li></ul><ul><li>Research on nonmetropolitan South </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Demise of rural industrial base </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Disproportionate resources concentrated in suburbs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Suburban growth leaving vast nonmetropolitan areas behind </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Divide between inner city/rural areas and suburbs </li></ul></ul>
    • 4. Introduction <ul><li>Goal of research </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What are the spatial relationships between growth and natural amenities in the South? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To what extent do nonmetropolitan places suffer at the expense of the suburbs? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Study area: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>States must be part of “census South” and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Have at least one county in Appalachian Regional Commission </li></ul></ul>
    • 5. Methods <ul><li>County-level data </li></ul><ul><ul><li>853 total counties (ten independent VA cities) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Examine economic and demographic changes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Growth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prosperity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Economic Shifts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Amenities </li></ul></ul>
    • 6. Methods and Data <ul><li>Growth: US Census Bureau (1990-2005) </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Population </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Domestic Migration </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Median Household Income </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Total Employment </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Total Number of People in Poverty </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Prosperity: Various data sources </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Poverty Rate </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Housing Problem Index </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Unemployment Rate </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>H.S. Dropout </li></ul></ul></ul>
    • 7. Methods and Data <ul><li>Economic Shifts: Bureau Economic Analysis 2005 </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Percent Retail </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Percent Manufacturing </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Percent Farming </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Percent Government </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Percent Farming </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Percent Arts, Recreation, and Entertainment </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Natural Amenity Index: ERS </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rescaled for Southeast </li></ul></ul></ul>
    • 8. Amenities
    • 9. Methods <ul><li>16 total variables </li></ul><ul><li>K-Means cluster analysis </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Non-Hierarchical Clustering </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Calinski and Harabasz Stop Rule </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Four Group Solution </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cluster trends </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sunbelt Service (70 Counties) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Southern Gentry (239 Counties) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Equilibrium (396 Counties) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chronic Poverty (148 Counties) </li></ul></ul>
    • 10. Sunbelt Service
    • 11. Southern Gentry
    • 12. Equilibrium
    • 13. Chronic Poverty
    • 14. Discussion <ul><li>Divide between nonmetropolitan and suburban places exists, but is concentrated </li></ul><ul><li>Not all growth is good </li></ul><ul><ul><li>People in poverty in Sunbelt Suburban jumped 62% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>High costs in desirable places potentially displacing low-income people </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Internal polarization between rich and poor may be masked by data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Suburbs are more diverse than traditionally discussed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(i.e. increased Latino population growth) </li></ul></ul></ul>
    • 15. Discussion <ul><li>Many places are neither booming nor declining </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Steady growth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Severe poverty and depopulation are concentrated </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Old race and class divisions still intact </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Rise of small towns and accessible rural areas </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Transcends suburban vs. inner city/rural area divide </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Natural amenities and growth </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Not as clear as in New West </li></ul></ul>
    • 16. Thank You! <ul><li>Questions? </li></ul>

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