Shultz AAG 2008

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This presentation, co-authored with Brian Johnson, is from the AAG meeting in 2008.

This presentation, co-authored with Brian Johnson, is from the AAG meeting in 2008.

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  • Hello, my name is ___________________ and this afternoon I’ll be presenting a paper entitled “ Social Networks Considered in an Examination of Exurban Migration Motivations .”

Transcript

  • 1. Benjamin Shultz Brian E. Johnson Department of Geography Department of Geography University of Tennessee Indiana University Knoxville, Tennessee Bloomington, Indiana Social Networks Considered in an Examination of Exurban Migration Motivations
  • 2. Exurbanization
    • Exurban growth
      • 1970s to current
      • Emphasis on neighborhood context
      • Social networks overlooked
    • Exurbia’s reach and relevance
      • Public Service Provision
      • Transportation
      • Politics
      • Land Use
  • 3. Explaining Exurban Migration
    • How to explain such moves?
      • Urban blight
      • Land cost away from city centers
      • Attraction to nature and amenities
    • Migration decisions are influenced by social networks (Boyd 1989, Brown 2002)
    • Information a key factor (Williams and McMillen 1980)
    • Lack of emphasis on “social amenities” (Nelson 2006)
    • Few exurban studies incorporate this perspective
  • 4. Research Question
    • Integrated theoretical approach
      • Traditional Push/Pull Factors
      • Consideration of Social Networks
    • How did social networks influence the moves of new exurban migrants in addition to conditions in origin/destination communities?
  • 5. Methodology
    • “ Exurban migrant”
    • definition
    • In-depth interviews
      • Semi-structured
      • questioning
      • 34 subjects
      • Northwest Illinois and
      • Northern Indiana
  • 6. Huntington County, IN
    • Traditional Reasons
      • Privacy
      • Independence
      • Space
    • “ I’m not a yard person and in a subdivision if a dandelion pops up people run out there and get those damn things. I’m not into that.”
  • 7. Huntington County, IN
    • Many exurban areas could have satisfied his needs
    • Social networks influenced his move east
      • In the direction of his daughter, son-in-law, and two young grandchildren.
      • Ended up moving to an exurban property about 5 miles from his daughter’s family
    • Move was motivated by his preferences but was guided by his social network connection
  • 8. Kinship Ties
    • Move was motivated by his preferences but was guided by his kinship ties
    • Important theoretical link
      • Migration decisions and kinship ties
      • “ Theoretical arguments suggest that the family outside the household is likely to influence residential choice" (Mulder 2007, 270)
  • 9. Marshall County, IN
    • Traditional Factors:
      • Privacy
      • Space
    • “ [We moved to Marshall County, Indiana] because my husband didn’t like living close to people who were always watching what he was doing.”
  • 10. Marshall County, IN
    • Subject wanted to move to the exurbs, and
    • seemingly, any would do
    • Moved in the direction of parents
    • Importance of kinship
    • “ My parents had moved to Koontz Lake…They gave us a direction to go.”
  • 11. Personal Attachments
    • “ Quality of life” migrants are attracted to
        • Environmental amenities and
        • Social surroundings
    • Personal attachments directly influence the decision to move
        • To particular places
        • Via kinship
        • Via other close relationships (Beyers and Nelson 2000)
    • “ My parents got married in Crown Point…so I said if they have an opening there I’ll take it. That’s just how it happened.”
  • 12. Hampton, IL
    • Crowding
    • Blandness
    • Small lots
    • Suburban sprawl
    • “ The houses were jammed right next to each other and there was really no character to it at all…”
  • 13. Hampton, IL
    • Personal Attachments to Place
    • Kinship Ties
    • “ Our current house is actually my grandfather’s old farmhouse, he had built it about 1935….”
  • 14. Merrillville, IN
    • Casually looking for “some acreage”
    • Suburban life generally satisfactory
    • Quality of life
    • Eventually wanted to move to exurbia
    • “ I wanted a place where I could garden. I love to put in flowers and trees…”
  • 15. Merrillville, IN
    • Transferred house from father
    • Desire for space
    • Push factor away from suburban sprawl
    • “ We weren’t really looking for a house at the time, but when Dad bought the land out here and offered it to us, well we couldn’t pass it up.”
  • 16. Intergenerational Transfers
    • Role of family in modern Western societies
      • Exchange of ideas
      • Support
      • Money
      • Goods
    • Intergenerational transfers of wealth
    • Important link between migration and residential choice
  • 17. Conclusions
    • Social networks must be considered alongside home site characteristics and origin/destination characteristics
    • Amenities and local conditions are important, as is the context in which migration decisions are made
    • Other influences on exurban migration
      • Kinship Ties
      • Attachment to Particular Places
      • Personal Relationships
      • Intergenerational Transfers
  • 18. Thank You! Questions or comments?
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