ORGANIZATIONAL MANAGEMENT  AND INFORMATION SYSTEMS  MIS
WHAT IS A SYSTEM?  A SYSTEM IS A SET OF RELATED  PARTS COORDINATED TO  ACCOMPLISH A SET OF GOALS  THE FUNCTION OF A SYSTEM...
SYSTEMS THEORY  LET US VIEW MOTOR CAR AS A  SYSTEM  PETROL IS INPUT  THE ENGINE REPRESENTS THE  PROCESS  AND MOVEMENT REPR...
SYSTEMS THEORY  LET US VIEW MOTOR CAR AS A SYSTEM  PETROL IS INPUT  THE ENGINE REPRESENTS THE PROCESS  AND MOVEMENT REPRES...
SYSTEMS THEORY  LET US VIEW MOTOR CAR AS A SYSTEM  PETROL IS INPUT  THE ENGINE REPRESENTS THE PROCESS  AND MOVEMENT REPRES...
KEY FEATURES OF A SYSTEM  INPUTS  PEOPLE, ENERGY, MATERIALS,  EQUIPMENT, MONEY OR DATA  THESE INPUTS MAY BE RECEIVED  INDI...
KEY FEATURES OF A SYSTEM  PROCESS RESULTS FROM  RECEIVING INPUTS  SOME FORM OF CONVERSION ACTIVITY  IS CARRIED OUT, WITH T...
KEY FEATURES OF A SYSTEM  OUTPUTS  ONCE PROCESSING IS COMPLETE, THE  FINISHED, PROCESSED PRODUCT OR  SERVICE WHICH RESULTS...
KEY FEATURES OF A SYSTEM  BOUNDARY  THE SYSTEM BOUNDARY SEPARATES  THE SYSTEM AND ITS COMPONENTS  FROM ITS  ENVIRONMENT  E...
KEY FEATURES OF A SYSTEM  ENVIRONMENT  A SYSTEM’S ENVIRONMENT IS DEFINED  AS THOSE EXTERNAL ELEMENTS OF A  SYSTEM  MOST SY...
5 KEY COMPONENTS OF SYSTEM  LET US VIEW MOTOR CAR AS A SYSTEM  PETROL IS INPUT  THE ENGINE REPRESENTS THE PROCESS  AND MOV...
OPEN SYSTEMS  AN OPEN SYSTEM IS ONE  THAT INTERACTS WITH ITS  ENVIRONMENT  DISTURBANCE  ENVIRONMENT  PROCESS  INPUT  OUTPUT
FEEDBACK CONTROL SYSTEM  A PART OF THE SYSTEM OUTPUT IS  RETURNED AS AN INPUT TO THE  SYSTEM AS FEEDBACK  ENVIRONMENT  PRO...
FEEDBACK CONTROL SYSTEM  A PART OF THE SYSTEM OUTPUT IS  RETURNED AS AN INPUT TO THE  SYSTEM AS FEEDBACK  E.G. INVENTORY L...
Main objective of the system is to give ‘good’ MIS  GOOD MIS  MEANS USERS  CAN FOCUS ON  THE THINGS  THEY NEED TO  DO  THE...
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Chapter 3 Mis Organizational Management And Information Systems

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Chapter 3 Mis Organizational Management And Information Systems

  1. 1. ORGANIZATIONAL MANAGEMENT AND INFORMATION SYSTEMS MIS
  2. 2. WHAT IS A SYSTEM? A SYSTEM IS A SET OF RELATED PARTS COORDINATED TO ACCOMPLISH A SET OF GOALS THE FUNCTION OF A SYSTEM IS TO CONVERT OR PROCESS THE INPUTS TO ACHIEVE USEFUL OUTPUTS. E.G. CAR IS A SYSTEM
  3. 3. SYSTEMS THEORY LET US VIEW MOTOR CAR AS A SYSTEM PETROL IS INPUT THE ENGINE REPRESENTS THE PROCESS AND MOVEMENT REPRESENTS THE OUTPUT
  4. 4. SYSTEMS THEORY LET US VIEW MOTOR CAR AS A SYSTEM PETROL IS INPUT THE ENGINE REPRESENTS THE PROCESS AND MOVEMENT REPRESENTS THE OUTPUT PROCESS INPUT OUTPUT
  5. 5. SYSTEMS THEORY LET US VIEW MOTOR CAR AS A SYSTEM PETROL IS INPUT THE ENGINE REPRESENTS THE PROCESS AND MOVEMENT REPRESENTS THE OUTPUT THE MOTOR CAR IS ALSO SUBJECT TO EXTERNAL FACTORS IN THE ENVIRONMENT SUCH AS ROAD SURFACE, THE STEEPNESS OF THE GROUND, THE WIND SPEED, ETC. ENVIRONMENT ENVIRONMENT PROCESS INPUT OUTPUT ENVIRONMENT ENVIRONMENT
  6. 6. KEY FEATURES OF A SYSTEM INPUTS PEOPLE, ENERGY, MATERIALS, EQUIPMENT, MONEY OR DATA THESE INPUTS MAY BE RECEIVED INDIVIDUALLY OR IN COMBINATION AND CAN ORIGINATE FROM A NUMBER OF DIVERSE SOURCES
  7. 7. KEY FEATURES OF A SYSTEM PROCESS RESULTS FROM RECEIVING INPUTS SOME FORM OF CONVERSION ACTIVITY IS CARRIED OUT, WITH THE AIM OF ADDING VALUE TO THAT INPUT TO PRODUCE AN OUTPUT. E.G. MACHINING, SORTING, STORING, CALCULATING, ETC.
  8. 8. KEY FEATURES OF A SYSTEM OUTPUTS ONCE PROCESSING IS COMPLETE, THE FINISHED, PROCESSED PRODUCT OR SERVICE WHICH RESULTS IS PASSED OUT TO THE ENVIRONMENT E.G. DELIVERY OF GOODS TO CUSTOMER OR TRANSMISSION OF INFORMATION TO A SUB-SYSTEM
  9. 9. KEY FEATURES OF A SYSTEM BOUNDARY THE SYSTEM BOUNDARY SEPARATES THE SYSTEM AND ITS COMPONENTS FROM ITS ENVIRONMENT E.G. GARDEN WALL (PHYSICAL) OR THE BUSINESS UNIT (INVISIBLE) OR THE ACCOUNT OFFICE
  10. 10. KEY FEATURES OF A SYSTEM ENVIRONMENT A SYSTEM’S ENVIRONMENT IS DEFINED AS THOSE EXTERNAL ELEMENTS OF A SYSTEM MOST SYSTEMS OPERATE WITHIN THE CONTEXT OF AN ENVIRONMENT AND INTERACTS WITH IT BY RECEIVING INPUTS FROM IT AND DELIVERING OUTPUTS TO IT
  11. 11. 5 KEY COMPONENTS OF SYSTEM LET US VIEW MOTOR CAR AS A SYSTEM PETROL IS INPUT THE ENGINE REPRESENTS THE PROCESS AND MOVEMENT REPRESENTS THE OUTPUT THE MOTOR CAR IS ALSO SUBJECT TO EXTERNAL FACTORS IN THE ENVIRONMENT SUCH AS ROAD SURFACE, THE STEEPNESS OF THE GROUND, THE WIND SPEED, ETC. ENVIRONMENT ENVIRONMENT PROCESS INPUT OUTPUT BOUNDARY ENVIRONMENT ENVIRONMENT
  12. 12. OPEN SYSTEMS AN OPEN SYSTEM IS ONE THAT INTERACTS WITH ITS ENVIRONMENT DISTURBANCE ENVIRONMENT PROCESS INPUT OUTPUT
  13. 13. FEEDBACK CONTROL SYSTEM A PART OF THE SYSTEM OUTPUT IS RETURNED AS AN INPUT TO THE SYSTEM AS FEEDBACK ENVIRONMENT PROCESS INPUT OUTPUT
  14. 14. FEEDBACK CONTROL SYSTEM A PART OF THE SYSTEM OUTPUT IS RETURNED AS AN INPUT TO THE SYSTEM AS FEEDBACK E.G. INVENTORY LEVEL IS CHECKED, THAT OUTPUT IS FED BACK AS INPUT TO REPORT TO CALCULATE SHORTAGE QUANTITY
  15. 15. Main objective of the system is to give ‘good’ MIS GOOD MIS MEANS USERS CAN FOCUS ON THE THINGS THEY NEED TO DO THEY ARE NOT WASTING TIME LOOKING FOR INFORMATION

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