Write as many facts as you know aboutafghanistan or about living in a Muslim nation. W r i t i n g J o u r n a l C
SummaryWrite a ﬁve sentence summary.Look up 3 words that were new to you.Connect the person’s challenges to you own.Present.
I have a cat. I once had two cats. I used to fee my cats food. Tuna was my cats’ favorite food. Yet, my one cat’s second favorite was corn and I thought that was weird.You know that nouns can be a person, a place, athing, or a thing. But, can you notice something that all nouns have in common-- a common rule?
Noun Rule• A noun is a word that can be made plural and/or possesive• Singular: Cat, Horse Singular Possessive: Cat’s, Horse’s• Plural: Cats, Horses Plural Possessive: Cats’, Horses’• Remember to watch for nouns that do not follow these rules: Man, Men, Man’s, Men’s• Nouns are essential to all sentences, they provide the subject.
Noun Phrase• A noun phrase (NP) is a word or a group of words that function as a unit within a sentence.• A phrase always has a headword and this is the noun.• Nouns are signaled by the determiner• Common determiners include articles (a, an, the), Possessive nouns and pronouns (Camille’s, his), and demonstrative pronouns (this, that, those)
• Let us add to the noun deﬁnition:A noun is a word that can be made plural and/or possessive, it occupies the headword position in a noun phrase, it is usually signaled by a determiner• Locate each noun phrases headword and determiner: • The students rested after a long trip. • Our new neighbors became our best friends. • A huge crowd lined the streets for the parade. • This new lasagna recipe feeds an enormous crowd.
Count vs. Noncount Nouns • Knowing the difference between count and noncount nouns will help you do the following:• Use the noun plural ending -s correctly• Use the appropriate type of article: deﬁnite (the) or indeﬁnite (a or an)• Use words that express quantities, such as little, much, . . .
Count vs. Noncount• The main difference between count and noncount nouns is whether or not the things they refer to can be counted.
Count Nouns • Count nouns refer to things that can be divided up into smaller units which are separate and distinct from one another. They usually refer to what can individually be seen or heard:tablechairwordremarkﬁnger
Noncountthings that cannot be counted Nouns • Noncount nouns refer to because they are regarded as wholes which cannot be divided into parts. They often refer to abstractions and occasionally have a collective meaning:angerfurniturewarmthleisureeducationcourageprogress
The Rules• The Rules• Count nouns can be pluralized by adding a ﬁnal -s to the nouns.• Noncount nouns cannot be not pluralized at all.
Special Cases• Special Case: A special case is the use of the mass/ count distinction for the purpose of classiﬁcation. The nouns which function both ways mainly denote foods and beverages: food(s), drink(s), wine(s), bread(s), coffee(s), and fruit(s).
Describe a holiday that your familycelebrated. Is this celebrated in America?How do you celebrate it? Why do you think people celebrate this holiday? W r i t i n g J o u r n a l B
SummaryWrite a ﬁve sentence summary.Look up 3 words that were new to you.Does this sound like fun? Would you do this?Why do you think people do this?
The last time I cooked was...I arrived in America (when?)...I studied English for (years?)...Finish these sentences out loud!
Simple past tense• Use simple past tense to talk about something that happened in the past• You do this by using the past version of the main verb• What is a verb?• It is also, a word that can be used in present and past tenses, it has an s form and an ing form
Past Tense• in simple past the verb takes these endings: -d, -ed, -ied (baked, cooked, studied)• I visited, She visited,We visited: no matter who, the verb is the same• Time Markers (adverbs) are used: Yesterday, Today, This morning, ...for three years.• To make a past statement negative use • did not + base form of verb
Practice• Underline the simple past verb and then write it’s base form: • We arrived last Wednesday night. ____ • Norma baked a cake. _____ • The bus stopped at the corner. ______ • We studied history this morning._____
Write one word you learned this week andwhat it means. Write one thing you learned about Lance Armstrong. Write one thing about nouns that you learned. W r i t i n g J o u r n a l 1 * M r . S
Find the missing words1. Mother ___(Sing or Sang)___ to the baby.2.Milk __(Flied or Flew)__ everywhere when the carton broke. 3.I had__(an or a)__ apple for lunch.4.Put __(them or those)__ boxes over there.5.They __(can’t or didn’t)__ get to go to the lake. Wa r m U p
Which words have the /o/ sound in “go”? Goat So Drop BoneFind the pattern and ﬁnd the words that go together: Fork Spoon Knife Hammer Correct the Sentences: Will you came to my house I brush my tooth everyday Wa r m u p V e r s i o n 2 . 0
Conversational PracticeDo you enjoy sports? Do you enjoy playing baseball? Do you enjoy playing soccer? Do you enjoy relaxing? Do you enjoy playing Do you enjoy watching TV basketball? Do you enjoy playing video games?Do you enjoy Learning? Do you enjoy watching Do you enjoy learning English? movies? Do you enjoy learning Math? Do you enjoy learning Science?
PronounsIYou Forms of beShe amHe isIt areWeThey
Pronoun +Be+NounRita is in my class. She is a student.Tom is in my class. He is a student.Rita and Tom are in my class. They arestudents.