Robin Thomson
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  • 1. GREENING OUR INDUSTRY Robin Thomson Environmentalist in training
  • 2. WHY
    • “ South Africa is by far the largest emitter of Green House Gases in Africa and one of the most carbon emission-intensive countries in the world, annually emitting some 7 tonnes of carbon dioxide per capita due to the energy intensive economy and high dependence on coal for primary energy”
    • Energy Efficiency Strategy of the Republic of South Africa -March 2005
  • 3. THANK HEAVENS FOR MAVIS…
    • #9 United States: 12,343 kWh per capita
    • #55 South Africa: 4,705 kWh per capita
    • Informal, low-income dwelling energy data, Cape Town Electricity 751 kWh/yr. 2.7 GJ/yr. 249.2 kg/yr CO2 Emissions.
    • Kerosene 559 liters/yr. 20.6 GJ/yr. 1,479.2 kg/yr CO2 Emissions.
    • Formal, low-income dwelling energy data, Cape Town Electricity 1,668 kWh/yr. 6 GJ/yr. 553.8 kg/yr. CO2 Emissions
    • Kerosene 432 litres/yr. 16 GJ/yr. 1,142.8 kg/yr. CO2 Emissions
  • 4. WHO
    • You
    • Your Guests
    • Your Staff
    • Your Suppliers
  • 5. HOW
    • Measure
    • Assess and bring in expertise
    • Set targets
    • Plan to implement
    • (Use technology – VOIP, electronic statements)
    • Learn, report and make progress
    • Share - open source
  • 6. MEASURE OUR IMPACT. Look at our biggest uses of energy and generators of CO 2
    • TRANSPORT
    • HEATING
    • COOLING
  • 7. TRANSPORT
    • Transport was responsible for 27% of final energy demand in 2000.
    • Petroleum products represented 97% and electricity 3% of energy demand in this sector. Road transport represents 84% of energy use;
    • Petrol and diesel are mainly used for road transport of passengers and freight. In terms of primary energy supply, nearly 80% is from imported oil - representing the largest item on South Africa’s import account;
  • 8. TRANSPORT Can it be combined with other trips Is the trip necessary Purchase right sized and powered vehicles Car pooling, common suppliers, tours vs car rentals Yes Sometimes – walk to the shops YES - biodiesel Land Use local. Order imported supplies in advance Pipelines? No Sea Larger aircraft High capacity aircraft Yes – goods and freight No Air Long term actions Short term actions Is there waste that could be reduced? Can it be done by other methods? Can it be done using renewable energies ?
  • 9. HEATING Design for warm winter rooms Insulate ceilings, windows Yes. Heat small areas. Yes- hot rocks, Yes – underfloor heating using solar Space Heating Use solar water heating Insulate pipes, add timers to switch elements off Yes. High temperatures waste more energy Yes Yes- wood, solar, biogas Water heating Long term actions Short term actions Is there wastage that could be reduced? Can it be done by other methods? Can it be done with renewable energies?
  • 10. COOLING Design for cool summer rooms. Shutters and balconies Insulate ceilings, windows. Remove heat producers Yes. Cool small areas. ? Yes – wind extractor fans Space Cooling Vending machines Yes. ? Yes – Camping 12 V fridges with PV panels– Peltier effect Cooling Drinks and food Long term actions Short term actions Is there wastage that could be reduced? Can it be done by other methods? Can it be done with renewable sources?
  • 11. WASTE - RECYCLABLES Use local food and drink when travelling Refuse packaging. Promote local Yes Yes – tap water vs bottled water Food, drink Go paperless. PDF Yes Yes Yes Paper Yes – larger cans vs small cans Cans Returnable bottles Recycle glass Yes Yes, use returnable bottles. Yes. Glass Long term actions Short term actions Is there wastage that could be reduced? Can it be replaced with other materials? Can the amount be reduced?
  • 12. WHEN
    • NOW - Retrofit
    • 2 ND BEST – at planning stage
    • AT PURCHASING STAGE – educate yourself
  • 13. EDUCATION
    • MATHS 1
    • Hypothesis 1:
    • Awareness = Action
    • SCIENCE 1
    • To every action, there is an equal and opposite reaction
    • Action = Prevent the creation of greenhouse gases
  • 14. EDUCATION - actual case study
    • Maths 1- Hypothesis 1: Awareness = Action
    • Length of Awareness – 1-13 years 8 people
    • Do you recycle at home?
    • Do your friends and family recycle?
    • Do you save water?
    • Do you see benefits from our environmental practices?
    • Why do we recycle?
    • Do you tell others why we recycle?
    • Do you tell others about using grey water?
    • Do you tell others about re-using pool water?
    • Do you tell others about using solar water?
  • 15. EDUCATION - the business case
    • Maths 1Hypothesis 1: Awareness = Action
    • DOES IT PAY?
    • Recycling saves us at least R150 per month refuse removal.
    • Water efficiency saves at least R300 per month.
    • Lighting efficiency saves at least R100 per month.
    • Grey water saves R50 per month.
    • Re-using pool water saves R50 per month.
    • Solar water heating saves at least R600 per month.
    • Cooking on gas saves at least R300 per month.
    • We save at least R1550 per month.
  • 16. EDUCATION 2
    • If MATHS 1 Hypothesis is false
    • Awareness ≠ Action
    • Inaction = Creation of more greenhouse gases
    • SCIENCE 2
    • Inaction = More destructive climate change and less sustainable lifestyles
  • 17. BUT THEY MUST…
    • WE ARE AWARE… BUT
    • The Americans must…( and I am not American)
    • The West must… …( and I am not from the West)
    • The Developed countries must… …( and I am not from a developed country)
    • The Government must… …( and I am not from the government)
    • The Rich must… …( and I am not rich)
    • The Animals must… …( and I am not an animal)
    • OR
    • The humans must
    • AND I AM A HUMAN
  • 18. ENVIRONMENTAL BALANCED SCORECARD
    • REDUCE NEGATIVES – LARGEST IMPACT FIRST
    • Transport - you, guests, staff, suppliers
    • Heating - you, guests, staff, suppliers
    • Cooling - you, guests, staff, suppliers
    • Polluting - you, guests, staff, suppliers
    • Luxuries - you, guests, staff, suppliers
  • 19. ENVIRONMENTAL BALANCED SCORECARD
    • INCREASE POSITIVES
    • Educating - you, guests, staff, suppliers
    • Offset your impact - you, guests, staff, suppliers
    • Live your message - you, guests, staff, suppliers
  • 20. SIMPLE ACTIONS
    • Grey water capture and use
    • Recycle pool backwash water
    • Choose recyclable materials
    • Cut out paper usage
    • Install solar water heating
    • Install low flow showerheads
  • 21. INNOVATIVE OFFSETS
    • Buy bicycles for pupils who would need get a lift to school
    • Plant a garden a week for 52 weeks
    • Plant a tree a week for 52 weeks
    • BSA employs greening person – R5000 per month for 3 months from Sep to Dec
    • BSA gets 50% of cost savings for first year from 1 st Jan to 31 st Dec 2008
  • 22.
    • It’s a cruel crazy beautiful world Every time you wake up I hope it’s under a blue sky. It’s a cruel crazy beautiful world One day when you wake up I will have to say goodbye
  • 23.
    • “ Goodbye - it’s your world so live in it!”
    • Johnny Clegg – It’s a cruel, crazy, beautiful world
    • This presentation will be available on www.sunpower.co.za/backpacking.htm