“ South Africa is by far the largest emitter of Green House Gases in Africa and one of the most carbon emission-intensive countries in the world, annually emitting some 7 tonnes of carbon dioxide per capita due to the energy intensive economy and high dependence on coal for primary energy”
Energy Efficiency Strategy of the Republic of South Africa -March 2005
Transport was responsible for 27% of final energy demand in 2000.
Petroleum products represented 97% and electricity 3% of energy demand in this sector. Road transport represents 84% of energy use;
Petrol and diesel are mainly used for road transport of passengers and freight. In terms of primary energy supply, nearly 80% is from imported oil - representing the largest item on South Africa’s import account;
TRANSPORT Can it be combined with other trips Is the trip necessary Purchase right sized and powered vehicles Car pooling, common suppliers, tours vs car rentals Yes Sometimes – walk to the shops YES - biodiesel Land Use local. Order imported supplies in advance Pipelines? No Sea Larger aircraft High capacity aircraft Yes – goods and freight No Air Long term actions Short term actions Is there waste that could be reduced? Can it be done by other methods? Can it be done using renewable energies ?
HEATING Design for warm winter rooms Insulate ceilings, windows Yes. Heat small areas. Yes- hot rocks, Yes – underfloor heating using solar Space Heating Use solar water heating Insulate pipes, add timers to switch elements off Yes. High temperatures waste more energy Yes Yes- wood, solar, biogas Water heating Long term actions Short term actions Is there wastage that could be reduced? Can it be done by other methods? Can it be done with renewable energies?
COOLING Design for cool summer rooms. Shutters and balconies Insulate ceilings, windows. Remove heat producers Yes. Cool small areas. ? Yes – wind extractor fans Space Cooling Vending machines Yes. ? Yes – Camping 12 V fridges with PV panels– Peltier effect Cooling Drinks and food Long term actions Short term actions Is there wastage that could be reduced? Can it be done by other methods? Can it be done with renewable sources?
WASTE - RECYCLABLES Use local food and drink when travelling Refuse packaging. Promote local Yes Yes – tap water vs bottled water Food, drink Go paperless. PDF Yes Yes Yes Paper Yes – larger cans vs small cans Cans Returnable bottles Recycle glass Yes Yes, use returnable bottles. Yes. Glass Long term actions Short term actions Is there wastage that could be reduced? Can it be replaced with other materials? Can the amount be reduced?