WHAT WERE THE CRUSADES? The Crusades were a series of Holy Wars launched by the Christian states of Europe against the Muslims. The Crusades started in 1095 when Pope Claremont preached the First Crusade at the Council of Claremont. The Popes preaching led to thousands of people becoming immediately ready to fight for there faith. The name Crusade was given to the Holy Wars from the old French word crois meaning cross. The Crusades were great military expeditions undertaken by the Christian who went into the Holy Land and tried to take it back from the Muslims.
WHAT WAS THE CAUSE OF THE CRUSADES? The reason for the crusades was a war between Christians and Muslims which centered around the city of Jerusalem. The City of Jerusalem held a Holy significance to the Christian religion. The Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem commemorated the hill of crucifixion and the tomb of Christs burial and was visited by Pilgrims. In 1065 Jerusalem was taken by the Turks and 3000 Christians were massacred starting a chain of events which contributed to the cause of the crusades
CONTINUED The Objectives of the crusades was at first to release the Holy Land, in particular Jerusalem, from the Muslims, but in time was extended to seizing Spain from the Moors, the Slavs and Pagans from eastern Europe, and the islands of the Mediterranean.
THE OUTCOME OF THIS CRUSADE The Crusaders finally reached Jerusalem in May, 1098. They were surprised to see all the civilized things in the city of Jerusalem - the Dome of the Rock mosque, and hot baths, and advanced Islamic medicine. The Crusaders taking Jerusalem The Crusaders made mistakes fighting. But the Fatimids were also fighting with the Seljuks at that time, so they didnt defend Jerusalem very well. The Crusaders managed to take Jerusalem, as well as some other cities. They settled down there as the kings of Jerusalem, in their own new country. The First Crusade was a big success for the Europeans, and a setback for the Fatimids
OTHER CRUSADES The Second Crusade begun ,and had an unhappy ending. Of the great host that set out from Europe, only a few thousands escaped annihilation in Asia Minor at the hands of the Turks. Louis and Conrad, with the remnants of their armies, made a joint attack on Damascus, but had to raise the siege after a few days. This closed the crusade. As a chronicler of the expedition remarked, "having practically accomplished nothing, the inglorious ones returned home." The strength of both the French and the German division of the expedition was wasted in Asia Minor, and the crusade accomplished nothing .
CONTINUED The Third Crusade was caused by the capture of Jerusalem in 1187 by Saladin, the sultan of Egypt. King Richard and Saladin finally concluded a truce by the terms of which Christians were permitted to visit Jerusalem without paying tribute, that they should have free access to the holy places.
MINOR CRUSADES None of the Crusades, after the Third, effected much in the Holy Land; either their force was spent before reaching it, or they were diverted from their purpose by different objects and ambitions. The crusaders of the Fourth expedition captured Constantinople instead of Jerusalem. The childrens crusade affords the most striking exhibition that characterized that time period. The things that inspired the first crusaders was already dying out.
WORKS CITED http://www.historyforkids.org/learn/medieval/histor y/highmiddle/bernard.htm http://www.middle-ages.org.uk/the-second- crusade.htm http://www.middle-ages.org.uk/the-crusades.htm