ASIAN INFLUENCES
on the PHILIPPINES
FILIPINO-CHINESE RELATIONSHIP
The Filipino-Chinese Trade
started during the
T'ang Dynasty
(618-907)
It peaked during the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644)
The Philippines was a very important center
of Chinese Trade.
They reached t...
FILIPINO-CHINESE RELATIONSHIP
Announcing the arrival:
SOUND A BIG DRUM
On the deck of the junk were
the different things being sold.
Silk cloth, gongs, ...
Natives exchanged honey, furniture,
rattan (yantok), cotton, pearls, fruits,
wood, gold, etc.
Travel to the Philippines to...
INFLUENCES:
1. Use of jars for burials of bones.
- they could bring the remnants of
their relatives anywhere
FILIPINO-CHIN...
FILIPINO-CHINESE RELATIONSHIP
INFLUENCES
2. Food
-food like TOFU, HOPIA, LOMI,
-BACHOY, GOTO, SIOPAO,
-LUMPIA, SIOMAI, ETC.
- Chinese ingredients:
- BIH...
INFLUENCES
3. Use of Filipino words borrowed from China
- Most of these words are from the Amoy dialect
A CHI ATE
KO A KUY...
INFLUENCES
4. Established the first convenience
store:
THE SARI-SARI STORE
- sold everything for
your convenience
FILIPINO...
INFLUENCES
5. Wearing of the
“kamisa de chino”,
loose pants and
long-sleeved
shirt
FILIPINO-CHINESE RELATIONSHIP
INFLUENCES
6. Games and toys:
Tops
Cards
Sungka
Flying kites
Gambling:
Mah-jong
FILIPINO-CHINESE RELATIONSHIP
FILIPINO-CHINESE RELATIONSHIP
INFLUENCES
7. CUSTOMS AND TRADITIONS
Arranged Marriage
FILIPINO-CHINESE RELATIONSHIP
INFLUENCES
7. CUSTOMS AND TRADITIONS
Respect for Elders
FILIPINO-CHINESE RELATIONSHIP
INFLUENCES
7. CUSTOMS AND TRADITIONS
Wearing of WHITE for mourning
FILIPINO-CHINESE RELATIONSHIP
INFLUENCES
7. CUSTOMS AND TRADITIONS
Use of FIREWORKS during celebrations
FILIPINO-CHINESE RELATIONSHIP
THE MOST LASTING INFLUENCE OF CHINA:
COMMERCE AND TRADE
FILIPINO-CHINESE RELATIONSHIP
FILIPINO-INDIAN RELATIONSHIP
First relations started around 800 A.D.
This relationship was based purely on
commerce.
Proof...
FILIPINO-INDIAN RELATIONSHIP
- metallic image of Ganesh,
the elephant god
FILIPINO-INDIAN RELATIONSHIP
- medallion of Padmapani
(Padma)
1. Filipino customs similar of Hindus.
- burial practice of dead sitting on a chair (Ifugao)
2. Sanskrit words found in Vi...
3. Form of WRITING:
ALIBATA
This is a system writing was done on Palm leaves
FILIPINO-INDIAN RELATIONSHIP
INDIAN CLOTHING:
PUTONG
- local headwear
SARONG
-long cloth worn by
women
FILIPINO-INDIAN RELATIONSHIP
INDIAN
Plants and Trees
manga
langka
patola
ampalaya
FILIPINO-INDIAN RELATIONSHIP
1. The Japanese
introduced:
DUCK FARMING/RAISING
FILIPINO-JAPANESE RELATIONSHIP
1. The Japanese introduced:
FISH BREEDING
FILIPINO-JAPANESE RELATIONSHIP
1. Other Japanese influences:
a. Removing of slippers
before entering the house…
b. Bonsai planting
c. Manufacturing
farm ...
Other Japanese
influences:
Origami
Martial Arts:
JUDO
Tanning of deer skin
FILIPINO-JAPANESE RELATIONSHIP
1. MALAY INFLUENCES:
a. Spices like CURRY
FILIPINO-malaysian RELATIONSHIP
1. MALAY INFLUENCES:
b. Fish Sauce: PATIS
FILIPINO-malaysian RELATIONSHIP
1. MALAY INFLUENCES:
c. Coconut Milk: GATA
FILIPINO-malaysian RELATIONSHIP
ARAB INFLUENCE ON THE PHILIPPINES
Arabs improved on the relationships between the Philippines
and other Asian countries
-A...
Usual trade items:
textile, wool, calico (a kind of cloth)
metal tools, gold bullions
jewelry and other precious gems
ARAB...
BACKGROUND ON ISLAM…
Spaniards : Christianity
Arabs : Islam
Mohammad was born in 570 AD
-was orphaned at an early age
-Unc...
BACKGROUND ON ISLAM…
Mohammad was born in 570 AD
in MECCA (Saudi Arabia)
-at age 40 he received his 1st message
from God t...
BACKGROUND ON ISLAM…
Mohammad was born in 570 AD
in MECCA (Saudi Arabia)
-at age 40 he received his 1st message
from God t...
BACKGROUND ON ISLAM…
Started in 622 A.D. when Mohammad escaped from Mecca to
Yathrib
This escape is called the HEJIRA
BACKGROUND ON ISLAM…
BACKGROUND ON ISLAM…
Mohammad died at the age of 62
Mid 13th century, several parts of Southeast Asia
embraced Islam
ex. S...
The leader of Malacca, ISHKANDAR SHAH
was converted to Islam
Malacca became the center of Islamic learning.
BACKGROUND ON ...
ARRIVAL OF MUSLIMS ACCORDING TO THE TARSILA
TARSILA
a written document
n the leaders and
descendants of a
famous Muslim,
e...
ARRIVAL OF MUSLIMS ACCORDING TO THE TARSILA
TUHAN MASHAIKA – introduced Islam to the country
In Sulu, there is a tarsila a...
SHARIF ABU BAKR
- missionary who married the daughter of Rajah
Baguinda.
- converted the whole community of Sulu into Isla...
SHARIF MOHAMMAD KABUNGSUWAN
- arrived in 1457 and also proclaimed himself sultan
- soon most parts of Mindanao also accept...
TEACHINGS OF ISLAM (Foundations of Islam)
A devoted Muslim has to fulfil certain obligations:
5 PILLARS OF ISLAM
1. SHAHAD...
5 PILLARS OF ISLAM
2. SALAH
Establishment of the daily prayers;
5 times a day pray, they pray the SALAH
God is Great. 4x
I...
5 PILLARS OF ISLAM
3. ZAKAH
Concern for the poor
Almsgiving to the needy
BACKGROUND ON ISLAM…
5 PILLARS OF ISLAM
4. SAWM
Self-purification through FASTING
-every year in the month of RAMADAN
from sun up to sun down, ...
5 PILLARS OF ISLAM
5. HAJJ
The PILGRIMAGE to Makkah (Mecca) for those who are able
One who has seen Mecca is CALLED:
HADJI...
Mohammad was the only person who was able to
UNITE THE FIGHTING TRIBES OF THE MUSLIM STATES.
ARAB INFLUENCE ON THE PHILIPPINES
THE MOSQUE
From the Arab word “MASJID” which means “a place of
worship”
A ritual of pray...
ARAB INFLUENCE ON THE PHILIPPINES
OKIR DESIGNS
Old houses have Okir designs
on the beams of the houses
ARAB INFLUENCE ON THE PHILIPPINES
ARAB INFLUENCE ON THE PHILIPPINES
The Arabs were the first to introduce weapons used a
explosives.
LANTAKA – a small Musli...
ARAB INFLUENCE ON THE PHILIPPINES
ARAB INFLUENCE ON THE PHILIPPINES
The SARIMANOK design
most common in Lanao (Mindanao)
a very colorful bird
ASPECTS CHRISTIANITY ISLAM
COMPARE AND CONTRAST
SUPREME BEING
FOUNDER
HOLY LAND
FOUNDATION OF FAITH
RELIGIOUS LEADER
PLACE...
END OF LESSON

Asian influences in the philippines
Asian influences in the philippines
Asian influences in the philippines
Asian influences in the philippines
Asian influences in the philippines
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Asian influences in the philippines

  1. 1. ASIAN INFLUENCES on the PHILIPPINES
  2. 2. FILIPINO-CHINESE RELATIONSHIP The Filipino-Chinese Trade started during the T'ang Dynasty (618-907)
  3. 3. It peaked during the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) The Philippines was a very important center of Chinese Trade. They reached the different parts of the country using the JUNK. - 400 up to 500 passengers - visited the Babuyan Islands, Ilocos, Laguna, Cebu, Bohol and Cagayan de Oro FILIPINO-CHINESE RELATIONSHIP
  4. 4. FILIPINO-CHINESE RELATIONSHIP
  5. 5. Announcing the arrival: SOUND A BIG DRUM On the deck of the junk were the different things being sold. Silk cloth, gongs, porcelain, umbrellas, gold thread, etc. FILIPINO-CHINESE RELATIONSHIP
  6. 6. Natives exchanged honey, furniture, rattan (yantok), cotton, pearls, fruits, wood, gold, etc. Travel to the Philippines took about 20 days. Trading lasted only about 4 to 5 days per area. FILIPINO-CHINESE RELATIONSHIP
  7. 7. INFLUENCES: 1. Use of jars for burials of bones. - they could bring the remnants of their relatives anywhere FILIPINO-CHINESE RELATIONSHIP
  8. 8. FILIPINO-CHINESE RELATIONSHIP
  9. 9. INFLUENCES 2. Food -food like TOFU, HOPIA, LOMI, -BACHOY, GOTO, SIOPAO, -LUMPIA, SIOMAI, ETC. - Chinese ingredients: - BIHON, KINCHAY, PETCHAY, - TOGE, MISWA, ETC. - Filipinos also learned how to plant these vegetables. FILIPINO-CHINESE RELATIONSHIP
  10. 10. INFLUENCES 3. Use of Filipino words borrowed from China - Most of these words are from the Amoy dialect A CHI ATE KO A KUYA TAU KUA TOKWA BI KO BIKO HI KAU HIKAW BAK KHIAQ BAKYA (see pages 187-188) FILIPINO-CHINESE RELATIONSHIP
  11. 11. INFLUENCES 4. Established the first convenience store: THE SARI-SARI STORE - sold everything for your convenience FILIPINO-CHINESE RELATIONSHIP
  12. 12. INFLUENCES 5. Wearing of the “kamisa de chino”, loose pants and long-sleeved shirt FILIPINO-CHINESE RELATIONSHIP
  13. 13. INFLUENCES 6. Games and toys: Tops Cards Sungka Flying kites Gambling: Mah-jong FILIPINO-CHINESE RELATIONSHIP
  14. 14. FILIPINO-CHINESE RELATIONSHIP
  15. 15. INFLUENCES 7. CUSTOMS AND TRADITIONS Arranged Marriage FILIPINO-CHINESE RELATIONSHIP
  16. 16. INFLUENCES 7. CUSTOMS AND TRADITIONS Respect for Elders FILIPINO-CHINESE RELATIONSHIP
  17. 17. INFLUENCES 7. CUSTOMS AND TRADITIONS Wearing of WHITE for mourning FILIPINO-CHINESE RELATIONSHIP
  18. 18. INFLUENCES 7. CUSTOMS AND TRADITIONS Use of FIREWORKS during celebrations FILIPINO-CHINESE RELATIONSHIP
  19. 19. THE MOST LASTING INFLUENCE OF CHINA: COMMERCE AND TRADE FILIPINO-CHINESE RELATIONSHIP
  20. 20. FILIPINO-INDIAN RELATIONSHIP First relations started around 800 A.D. This relationship was based purely on commerce. Proof of this relationship are different Images made of CLAY, GOLD and BRASS. - 21 carat golf image found in Agusan - Golden Tara
  21. 21. FILIPINO-INDIAN RELATIONSHIP - metallic image of Ganesh, the elephant god
  22. 22. FILIPINO-INDIAN RELATIONSHIP - medallion of Padmapani (Padma)
  23. 23. 1. Filipino customs similar of Hindus. - burial practice of dead sitting on a chair (Ifugao) 2. Sanskrit words found in Visayan and Maguindanao languages SANSKRIT TAGALOG tara tala (to record) lekkha likha (to create) ahi ahas (snake) swamin asawa (spouse) guru guro (teacher) aya yaya (nurse) FILIPINO-INDIAN RELATIONSHIP
  24. 24. 3. Form of WRITING: ALIBATA This is a system writing was done on Palm leaves FILIPINO-INDIAN RELATIONSHIP
  25. 25. INDIAN CLOTHING: PUTONG - local headwear SARONG -long cloth worn by women FILIPINO-INDIAN RELATIONSHIP
  26. 26. INDIAN Plants and Trees manga langka patola ampalaya FILIPINO-INDIAN RELATIONSHIP
  27. 27. 1. The Japanese introduced: DUCK FARMING/RAISING FILIPINO-JAPANESE RELATIONSHIP
  28. 28. 1. The Japanese introduced: FISH BREEDING FILIPINO-JAPANESE RELATIONSHIP
  29. 29. 1. Other Japanese influences: a. Removing of slippers before entering the house… b. Bonsai planting c. Manufacturing farm tools and war weapons FILIPINO-JAPANESE RELATIONSHIP
  30. 30. Other Japanese influences: Origami Martial Arts: JUDO Tanning of deer skin FILIPINO-JAPANESE RELATIONSHIP
  31. 31. 1. MALAY INFLUENCES: a. Spices like CURRY FILIPINO-malaysian RELATIONSHIP
  32. 32. 1. MALAY INFLUENCES: b. Fish Sauce: PATIS FILIPINO-malaysian RELATIONSHIP
  33. 33. 1. MALAY INFLUENCES: c. Coconut Milk: GATA FILIPINO-malaysian RELATIONSHIP
  34. 34. ARAB INFLUENCE ON THE PHILIPPINES Arabs improved on the relationships between the Philippines and other Asian countries -ARABIA was the center of the Arab Empire - It was the center of commerce from India, China and Africa - ARABIA was the center of Islamic religion
  35. 35. Usual trade items: textile, wool, calico (a kind of cloth) metal tools, gold bullions jewelry and other precious gems ARAB INFLUENCE ON THE PHILIPPINES
  36. 36. BACKGROUND ON ISLAM… Spaniards : Christianity Arabs : Islam Mohammad was born in 570 AD -was orphaned at an early age -Uncle Abu Talib took care of him
  37. 37. BACKGROUND ON ISLAM… Mohammad was born in 570 AD in MECCA (Saudi Arabia) -at age 40 he received his 1st message from God through Angel Gabriel (JIBRIL) MESSAGE: STOP ATHEISM AND POLYGAMY GABRIEL GAVE MOHAMMAD THE TEACHINGS OF THE QU’RAN
  38. 38. BACKGROUND ON ISLAM… Mohammad was born in 570 AD in MECCA (Saudi Arabia) -at age 40 he received his 1st message from God through Angel Gabriel (JIBRIL) MESSAGE: STOP ATHEISM AND POLYGAMY GABRIEL GAVE MOHAMMAD THE TEACHINGS OF THE QU’RAN
  39. 39. BACKGROUND ON ISLAM… Started in 622 A.D. when Mohammad escaped from Mecca to Yathrib This escape is called the HEJIRA
  40. 40. BACKGROUND ON ISLAM…
  41. 41. BACKGROUND ON ISLAM… Mohammad died at the age of 62 Mid 13th century, several parts of Southeast Asia embraced Islam ex. Sumatra and Java
  42. 42. The leader of Malacca, ISHKANDAR SHAH was converted to Islam Malacca became the center of Islamic learning. BACKGROUND ON ISLAM…
  43. 43. ARRIVAL OF MUSLIMS ACCORDING TO THE TARSILA TARSILA a written document n the leaders and descendants of a famous Muslim, ex. Mohammad BACKGROUND ON ISLAM…
  44. 44. ARRIVAL OF MUSLIMS ACCORDING TO THE TARSILA TUHAN MASHAIKA – introduced Islam to the country In Sulu, there is a tarsila about MAKHDUM KARIM, a leader in Tawi-Tawi. In Sulu, the first Arab Community started in the 15th century under SHARIF ABU-BAKR. BACKGROUND ON ISLAM…
  45. 45. SHARIF ABU BAKR - missionary who married the daughter of Rajah Baguinda. - converted the whole community of Sulu into Islam - introduced the SHARI'A (SACRED ORDERS) - declared himself SULTAN - recognized as the 1st Sultan of Sulu - established the 1st MADRASAHS (schools that teach the Qu'ran) - introduced Arabian literature BACKGROUND ON ISLAM…
  46. 46. SHARIF MOHAMMAD KABUNGSUWAN - arrived in 1457 and also proclaimed himself sultan - soon most parts of Mindanao also accepted Islam all the way up to Luzon BACKGROUND ON ISLAM…
  47. 47. TEACHINGS OF ISLAM (Foundations of Islam) A devoted Muslim has to fulfil certain obligations: 5 PILLARS OF ISLAM 1. SHAHADAH – DECLARATION OF FAITH Faith or belief in the Oneness of God and the finality of the prophethood of Muhammad; "Ashadu anla ilaha ila allah, washadu anna Muhammedan rasolallah." The only purpose in life is to serve and obey GOD. BACKGROUND ON ISLAM…
  48. 48. 5 PILLARS OF ISLAM 2. SALAH Establishment of the daily prayers; 5 times a day pray, they pray the SALAH God is Great. 4x I testify that there is none worthy of worship except God. 2x I testify that Muhammad is the messenger of God. 2x Come to prayer! 2x Come to success! 2x God is Great! 2x There is none worthy of worship except God. BACKGROUND ON ISLAM…
  49. 49. 5 PILLARS OF ISLAM 3. ZAKAH Concern for the poor Almsgiving to the needy BACKGROUND ON ISLAM…
  50. 50. 5 PILLARS OF ISLAM 4. SAWM Self-purification through FASTING -every year in the month of RAMADAN from sun up to sun down, NO DRINKING NO EATING Final Day of Fasting – HARIRAYA PUASA BACKGROUND ON ISLAM…
  51. 51. 5 PILLARS OF ISLAM 5. HAJJ The PILGRIMAGE to Makkah (Mecca) for those who are able One who has seen Mecca is CALLED: HADJI (SACRED PERSON) BACKGROUND ON ISLAM…
  52. 52. Mohammad was the only person who was able to UNITE THE FIGHTING TRIBES OF THE MUSLIM STATES.
  53. 53. ARAB INFLUENCE ON THE PHILIPPINES THE MOSQUE From the Arab word “MASJID” which means “a place of worship” A ritual of prayers with movements like standing, bowing, sitting and kneeling.
  54. 54. ARAB INFLUENCE ON THE PHILIPPINES OKIR DESIGNS Old houses have Okir designs on the beams of the houses
  55. 55. ARAB INFLUENCE ON THE PHILIPPINES
  56. 56. ARAB INFLUENCE ON THE PHILIPPINES The Arabs were the first to introduce weapons used a explosives. LANTAKA – a small Muslim cannon made of brass
  57. 57. ARAB INFLUENCE ON THE PHILIPPINES
  58. 58. ARAB INFLUENCE ON THE PHILIPPINES The SARIMANOK design most common in Lanao (Mindanao) a very colorful bird
  59. 59. ASPECTS CHRISTIANITY ISLAM COMPARE AND CONTRAST SUPREME BEING FOUNDER HOLY LAND FOUNDATION OF FAITH RELIGIOUS LEADER PLACE OF WORSHIP RELIGIOUS CENTER RELIGIOUS SYMBOLS FEAST DAYS PERIOD OF FASTING GOD ALLAH JESUS CHRIST MOHAMMAD JERUSALEM MECCA TEN COMMANDMENTS FIVE PILLARS POPE IMAM CHURCH / CHAPEL MOSQUE/MASJID VATICAN AL HARAM / MECCA CRUCIFIX / CROSS CRESCENT MOON EASTER EID AL-FITR LENT RAMADAN
  60. 60. END OF LESSON 
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