Body language


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Body language

  1. 1.  It is a term used to identify the expressions of the face (especially the eyes), the gestures made by the head, shoulders, hands, and other parts of the body.
  2. 2.  When one is facilitating adjustment  When securing and maintaining the listener’s interest and attention  When clarifying the meaning  When emphasizing
  3. 3.  All good speakers use gestures. Why? Gestures are probably the most evocative form of nonverbal communication a speaker can employ. No other kind of physical action can enhance your speeches in as many ways as gestures. They:  Clarify and support your words. Gestures strengthen the audience’s understanding of your verbal message.  Dramatize your ideas. Together with what you say, gestures help paint vivid pictures in your listeners’ minds.
  4. 4.  Lend emphasis and vitality to the spoken word. Gestures convey your feelings and attitudes more clearly than what you say.  Help dissipate nervous tension. Purposeful gestures are a good outlet for the nervous energy inherent in a speaking situation.  Function as visual aids. Gestures enhance audience attentiveness and retention.  Stimulate audience participation. Gestures help you indicate the response you seek from your listeners.  Are highly visible. Gestures provide visual support when you address a large number of people and the entire audience may not see your eyes.
  5. 5.  Clenched Fist (to show determination, anger)  Pointed Finger (to accuse, to caution, to teach)  Palm Upward (a plea, begging); and  Palm Downward (to show disdain, to short stature)
  6. 6.  It’s natural for you to gesture. It’s unnatural for you not to. If you inhibit your impulse to gesture, you will probably become tense.
  7. 7.  When you speak, you should be totally involved in communicating – not thinking about your hands. Your gesture must be motivated by the content of your presentation.
  8. 8.  Every gesture you make should be purposeful and reflective of your words so your audience will note only the effect not the gesture itself.  Don’t overdo gesturing as it may distract your audience.
  9. 9.  Your gestures should be lively and distinct if they are to convey the intended impressions.  Effective gestures should be vigorous enough to be convincing yet slow enough and broad enough to be clearly visible without being overpowering.
  10. 10.  Every gesture has three parts: › The Approach – Your body begins to move in anticipation › The Stroke – The gesture itself › The Return – This brings your body back to a balanced position. *Don’t try to memorize every move.
  11. 11.  To improve gestures, you have to practice – but never during a speech.
  12. 12.  Point out persons, places, or things within the sight of the listeners of within the imagination. The index finger may be used; often the palm gesture is appropriate.  Generally, the index finger is used to point out small objects in a precise manner, while the palm gesture is utilized for large objects or areas.
  13. 13.  Describe or demonstrate objects, ideas, or action. The length of a fish may be shown by your hands vertically extended.
  14. 14.  Stress or emphasize ideas. The index finger gesture or the clenched fist gesture may be used.
  15. 15.  Stimulate the imagination of the listeners. Many gestures fall under this category. If a gesture does not fall under the first three enumerated but it helps convey thought, it falls under this type of gesture.
  16. 16.  A general principle that we should constantly be aware of is that consciously or unconsciously, people try to determine a person’s character from the way he looks, talks, and acts. Your physical appearance is thus important in this respect.
  17. 17.  Dress neatly  Neatness has always been a virtue  Look alive › A dull –looking person cannot impress
  18. 18.  Not using gestures at all › If you keep your hands locked at your sides, you will look nervous and what you are saying will lack the visual elements to accompany and enhance your words for better understanding.
  19. 19.  Pocketing your hands  Hand fidgeting  Holding your hands behind your back  Pointing at the audience  Folded arms across the chest  Using stilted gestures  Using overly wild gestures
  20. 20.  Pacing back and forth or walking aimlessly  Shifting your wait from one foot to another  Hiding behind a table, the podium, or your visual aid
  21. 21.  Standing too stiffly  Slouching and keeping your head down
  22. 22.  Poker face and the “Bert” eyebrows  Showing too much teeth
  23. 23.  Sta. Ines, S. (2013). How to deliver successful presentations. Quezon City: Bookware Publication.  O’brien, T. (2011). Effective speaking skills. New Delhi: Rupa Publications India Pvt. Ltd.