The Wetlands Wetlands are the most productive among coastal areas. Wetlands are defined “swamps and marshes, peat, or natural or artificial ponds, permanent or temporary, withstagnant or flowing water, fresh, brackish or salt, including areas of marine water whose depth doesn’t exceed 6 meters at low tide ."
Wetlands and coastal areas have become a crossroad and a stopover for migratory birds that arereaching Africa in the fall or spring in Europe. In fact in the south-eastern Sicily the birds find more favourable conditions for rest, feeding and replenishing their energy supplies needed to continue to migrate insearch of environments that can offer them a better habitat.
The Megarian salt ponds FAUNS The most important coastal wetlands in the province of Syracuse include a large lagoon system, once used as a salt pond, which developed in the area of Augusta. This area ischaracterized by the presence of various speciesof birds that make it interesting from a naturalistic point of view.
The Megarian salt ponds FLORA The flora is organized in plant associations which take the form of more or less concentric belts.
From what we have said it’s evident that the ex-salt ponds of Augusta have a greatly importantrole in the migration and life of many European birds. For this reason the establishment of a wildlife Reserve would be a way to revitalize Augusta.
The CianeThe Cyane river is a short watercourse in Southern Sicily, Italy. The river has its origin from two different water springs: Pisima and Pisimotta. It flows in correspondence of Syracuse port, after a run of 8 km having received the waters from the Anapo river.
The Ciane FLORA With its dense papyrus vegetation, the Cyane springhas always been considered a place of great beauty and evocation as well as naturalistic curiosity, as this plant is only found in a natural setting along the Nile river banks in Egypt.
The Porcaria torrent The Porcaria stream flows from the spring between Villasmundo and Carlentini. The waters of eleven springs feed the short course, and it takes the name of Brucoli Canal close to its mouth.
The Porcaria torrent FLORA Today, even though anthropic disorder, the riparianvegetation it wasn’t changed; the vegetation is typical of Iblean caves.