Bruna LuizaBruna Fontoura  Giovana Perini  Marina Garcia
   Oral-based approach;   Visual exploration;   Teacher gives model;   Many repetitions;
   Role play;   Drill: Repeat main line    ◦ Change main line with new vocabulary    ◦ Create and answer Yes/No question...
   Students need to use language without    stopping to think;   Teachers are responsible for leading    students;   Di...
   Grammar and vocabulary are presented    through dialogs;   The interaction teacher-student is directed;   Each langu...
   Pronunciation is taught since the beginning;   Students errors are avoided and teacher    draws their attention to th...
   The teacher presents a sentence and then    encourage students to substitute the terms;   Question-answer drill;   M...
   Caleb Gattegno   Shares certain principles with the Cognitive    Aproach:   “Teaching should besubordinated to learn...
   Goals of the teachers:•   self-expression (thought , perceptions,    fellings)•   develop independence•   onw inner cr...
   Roles   Teacher: technician or engineer   “Only the learner can do the learning”   Respect the student’s autonomy
   Role of the Students•   Use of what they know•   Free themselves of any obstacles•   Actively engage – personal respon...
   As Gattegno says:“The teacher works with the students; the    students work on the language.”
   Teaching / Learning Process   Starts through what the students already    know   Situations to focus the attention o...
   Minimal spoken cues   Students receive a great deal of practice   Students gain autonomy by exploring the    languag...
   Teacher-Student Interactions•   Teacher is silent – give cues•   Non-verbal gestures, tools he has available•   Studen...
   Techniques and Materials   Sound-color chart   Teacher’s Silent   Peer Correction   Rods   Self-Correction Gestur...
   References   LARZEN-FREEMAN, D. The Audio-Lingual    Method. The Silent Way.In: Techniques and    principles in langu...
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The Audio-lingual method and The Silent Way

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The Audio-lingual method and The Silent Way

  1. 1. Bruna LuizaBruna Fontoura Giovana Perini Marina Garcia
  2. 2.  Oral-based approach; Visual exploration; Teacher gives model; Many repetitions;
  3. 3.  Role play; Drill: Repeat main line ◦ Change main line with new vocabulary ◦ Create and answer Yes/No questions based on main line; No grammar rule;
  4. 4.  Students need to use language without stopping to think; Teachers are responsible for leading students; Dialogs are taught through repetition and imitation;
  5. 5.  Grammar and vocabulary are presented through dialogs; The interaction teacher-student is directed; Each language has its unique system; The language skills order are: listening, speaking, reading and writing;
  6. 6.  Pronunciation is taught since the beginning; Students errors are avoided and teacher draws their attention to their difficulties; Students are guided to repeat as accurately and quick as they can; The teacher begins the chain drill and then passes the turn to the students;
  7. 7.  The teacher presents a sentence and then encourage students to substitute the terms; Question-answer drill; Minimal pairs are presented by the teachers, contrasting to the students native language; Students fill the blanks of the dialogs;
  8. 8.  Caleb Gattegno Shares certain principles with the Cognitive Aproach: “Teaching should besubordinated to learning” Gattegno: learning- initiate by ourselves, mobilizing our inner resources;
  9. 9.  Goals of the teachers:• self-expression (thought , perceptions, fellings)• develop independence• onw inner criteria for correctness
  10. 10.  Roles Teacher: technician or engineer “Only the learner can do the learning” Respect the student’s autonomy
  11. 11.  Role of the Students• Use of what they know• Free themselves of any obstacles• Actively engage – personal responsibility
  12. 12.  As Gattegno says:“The teacher works with the students; the students work on the language.”
  13. 13.  Teaching / Learning Process Starts through what the students already know Situations to focus the attention on the structures of the language
  14. 14.  Minimal spoken cues Students receive a great deal of practice Students gain autonomy by exploring the language and by making choices Students describe their reactions
  15. 15.  Teacher-Student Interactions• Teacher is silent – give cues• Non-verbal gestures, tools he has available• Student-Student interaction is desirable
  16. 16.  Techniques and Materials Sound-color chart Teacher’s Silent Peer Correction Rods Self-Correction Gestures Word Chart Structured Feedback
  17. 17.  References LARZEN-FREEMAN, D. The Audio-Lingual Method. The Silent Way.In: Techniques and principles in language teaching. 2nded. Oxford. 2008.
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