Rethinking Literacy Education in New Times:Multimodality, Multiliteracies, & New Literacies Bruna Fontoura Bruna Luiza Giovana Perini Marina Garcia
Literacy• Literacy: the ability to read and write (Oxford Advanced Learners)• Literate: able to read and write. (Merriam Webster)
Situating ‘new’ literacies• The plural word ‘literacies’ demonstrates how now there are many models of literacy. “Thinking about literacy as a universalized, autonomous entity undermines its diversity and multiple uses and understandings.”
Situating ‘new’ literacies• The word ‘new’, emphasizes that there are new approaches, methods and theories. more emphasis on cultural practices less of a divide between oral and written cultures an expansion of definitions from print logic, reading and writing, to screen logic, designing, redesigning, remixing
Multiliteracies, Multimodalities and New Literacies• New literacies demand different resources. Like visual, sound, written, movement, animation...• Individuals make meaning from different modes.• It is based on student needs and competencies.• The role of their race, culture, religion, and social class in their literacy learning.
Multiliteracies, Multimodalities and New Literacies• Multimodality corresponds to the technique that people use different modes to make meaning;• Multiliteracies consists in “the notions of design, available designs and redesign” are crucial to the way we make meaning in modern texts;
Digital Literacies• Digital literacies consists in research and theory that come from the new;• “Digital literacies unable us to match the medium we use to the kind of information that we are presenting and to the audience that we are presenting it to.”• Digital readers and writers have to be critic according to the type of text it is presented in mediums to social interaction;
New Literacies in New Times• Characteristics of literacies research: New technologies offer a way to predict new literacies; It is essential to civic, economic and personal participation in the world; It adjusts according to the technology changes; It is multimodal and multifaceted;
New Literacies in New Times• It is a new way that teachers are using to stimulate collaborative works in wikis, blogs, etc.;• The students start to think and analyze more;• The writing of participates of this new approach are better and they show skills to use different types of writing according to the genre and the audience;
The processes of reading and writing ‘on screen’• the actual processes of reading and writing ‘on screen’;• the integrative and interactive nature of reading and writing with new texts; and,• changes in patterns of communication as a result of social networking.
The integrative and interactive natureof reading and writing with new texts• Using a blog, wiki or ‘Facebook’ type of communication, the ‘text’ is produced with appropriate layout for screen and can combine text, images, graphics, photos or video with sound and music.• We do not know how such processing of messages and texts is affecting the way children learn, or if the processes involved in activities such as texting, blogging, or communicating online are developing different cognitive abilities than those required for reading and writing traditional print-based texts. These unknowns are challenge for education.
• The interrelationship between reading and writing in producing texts and how students need to understand the meaning-making potential of different modes.• For educational purposes we need to distinguish between the technical skills of using digital technologies and the cognitive processes of interpreting and communicating meaning. To offset an over-emphasis on technical skills, educators and researchers need to focus on both using technologies and meta-understanding of technology.
The Impact of Social Network• Social practices of literacy: changed and expanded with the Web 2.0 technology;• Many implications for classroom pratice;• These modes of communication could be used inside class, in learning;
The Impact of Social Network• Blogs, nings, wikis, twitter, features of mobile phones or Facebook applications within classroom programs;• Learning Participatory• Sydney Research: students become more collaborative;
The Impact of Social Network• There was:Problem-solvingStudents investigate a topicNegotiate the way they would create and construct a product to demonstrate their learning
Conclusion• Enabled by the accessibility of new technological tools, which were not available even a decade ago;• Mastey of the tool in education: is not the outcome but how we use it;• Digital communications technology: the way communicate become more than a tool;
Conclusion“While research has not been able to fully establish the impact of multimodal communication, it is essential that educators learn to use these different modes of communication for classroom learning.” (page 8)
ReferenceROWSELL, J.; WALSH, M. Rethinking LiteracyEducation in New Times: Multimodality,Multiliteracies, & New Literacies. BrockEducation. v. 21.n 1. Fall 2011. p. 53-62.