Prof. Dr. Muhammad Afzal Khan
Department of Physics,
Islamia University, Bahawalpur,Pakistan
Phone: +92-62-9255562 ; Mobile: +92-300-6808129
E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org / email@example.com
Dr. Afzal Khan got associated with the Department of Physics, Islamia University
Bahawalpur in 1983. He went to the Department of Medical Physics at Ninewells
Hospital & Medical School, University of Dundee, UK in 1995. From 1995 to 1998 he
combined research in MR Imaging with hospital service work in diagnostic radiology and
radiotherapy of cancer. He was awarded Ph.D in 1998 for his work on Optimization of
dosimeter gel preparation protocol and investigation of the optimal MR Imaging
protocols. He returned to Islamia University, Bhawalpur, Pakistan in 1998 to take up
academic assignment and continued his research in various areas of Medical
Physics/Physics. He is accredited Supervisor of HEC/Ministry of S & T, Pakistan for
reserch leading to Ph.D. He has worked closely with Bahawalpur Institute of Nuclear
Medicine and Oncology (BINO-Cancer Hospital of Pakistan Atomic Energy
Commission) and Quaid-e-Azam Medical College, Bhawalpur to complete over twenty
research projects. Currently he is associated with Department of Physics, Islamia
University, Bhawalpur as Professor. He exhibits strong knowledge base in modern
physics and advance applied physics. Along with his academic/research assignments he
has a vast experience of adminstration in the Higher Education. He is also working as
Director Advance Studies and Research and the Coordinator of the Department of Social
Work. He has worked as Coordinator Department of Copmuter Science. During his
association with the University he has played active role in introducing new field of
studies and held various other administrative assignments.
Department of Physics, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur 1983 to Date
Lecturer/Assistant Professor/Associate Professor/Professor
Government Inter College, Fortabbas 1982 - 83
Government College of Technology, Multan 1982
Committee & Administrative Assignments
• Working as Director Advance Studies & Research, Islamia University Bahawalpur.
• Worked as Coordinator Department of Computer Science & Information
Technology, Islamia University Bahawalpur.
• Worked as Coordinator Department of Social Work, Islamia University
• Member of Chancellor’s/Governor’s Consultation Committee on Higher
• HEC Approved Supervisor for Indigenous PhD Scholarships in the field of
• Working as the Focal Person for Indigenous Scholarship Programme of Higher
Education Commission in Islamia University Bahawalpur
• Member of University Academic Council, which is the higher body to deal with all
academic matters of the university.
• Member of Disciplinary Committee of University, which deals with the values and
ethics related disciplinary cases for the Examinations of the University.
• Worked as Member Library Committee, Budget Committee, Appeals Committee
of the University.
• Worked as Member University Syndicate, which is the governing body of the
• Worked as Deputy Director Student Affairs of the University, dealing with day to
day problems of the University students and supervision of university discipline.
• Worked as Chairman Prospectus Committee of the University.
• Worked as Chairman Paper Setting Committee for Entry Test of the University.
• Worked as Farm Manager & Resident Officer of the University, which is
responsible for maintenance of about 1200 acres of land and supervision of 70
• Working as Chairman Auction Committee of the University Agri. Land.
Completed a project of Rs. 38.38 million funded by Higher Education
He was awarded, “Salam Teacher Award 2005, by the Govt. of Punjab.
Research and Supervisory Assignments
• Completed a study under the research development programme of University Grant
Commission/HEC, to investigate the comparison of different Medical Imaging
modalities like Ultra sonography, CT scanning, Gamma camera, MRI being used for
• Approved Supervisor for Ph.D. Students under Indigenous(Merit) Scholarship
Scheme of Ministry of Science and Technology Pakistan/ HEC. Students from all
over the Pakistan are entitled to do their Ph.D. under Dr. Afzal’s supervision and get
the required funding allocated under this scheme.
Current research projects, under Dr. Afzal’s supervision for the degrees of Ph.D. are:
• Optimization Of The Accuracy Concepts In Treatment Planning For Conformal
• Various Aspects Of Gel Dosimetry As A Three Dimensional Dosimetry
Technique In Conformal Radiotherapy(Ph.D).
• Optimization Of Pulse Sequences For Magnetic Resonance Imaging Of Normal
And Abnormal Tissues (Ph.D).
• Quality Assurance And Treatment Verification For Radiotherapy Of Tumour
M.Phil Theses Supervised:
• Application Of Thermoluminescence Dosimetry To Verify Radiation Dose In Radiotherapy.
• Application Of Radioisotops In Nuclear Medicine.
• Optimization Of Pulse Sequences To Visualize Best Contrast Using Mri
• Quality Control Of Gamma Camera Being Used At B.I.N.O.
• Investigation Of Variation In Different Parzmeters Of A Conventional X-Ray Simulator For
Radiotherapy Treatment Planning.
• Ultrasound Visualization Of The Eye And Orbit.
• Investigation Of Single & Multibeam Dose Distribution For Treatment Planning Of Cancer.
• Dosimetery Of Cobalt-60 Teletherapy Beam With Different Ssd Incident Normally And
• Quality Assurance Of X-Ray Simulator.
• Target Dose Versus Extra Target Dose In Radiation Therapy Of Tumor.
• Comparison Between Fluoroscopy & X-Ray Radiographs On The Prediction Of Tumour
Location In Lungs.
• Determination Of Dosimetric Characteristics Of Low Energy X-Rays.
• Calibration Of Iridium-192 Sources Used For High Dose Rate Remote Afterloading
• Comparison Between Tandem Ring And Tandem Ovoids
Treatment Planning For The Treatment Of Cervical Cancer With Hdr Brachytherapy
• Investigation Of Dose For The Organs At Risk For Treatment Of Cervical Cancer With High Dose
Supervised research projects of M.Sc. students in collaboration with Bahawalpur
Institute of Nuclear Medicine and Oncology (BINO-Pakistan Atomic Energy
Commission’s Cancer Hospital) and Quaid-e-Azam Medical College. The titles are:
• Investigation Of Absorbed Dose At The Isocenter Of A Multidirectional Beam.
• Technetium-99m And Iodine 131 For Thyroid Imaging In Nuclear Medicine.
• Quality Assessment Of Gamma Camera Being Used For Cancer Diagnostic At Bahawalpur
Institute Of Nuclear Medicine And Oncology.
• Treatment Of Cancer By Using Colbalt-60 Unit.
• Investigation Of Absorbed Dose Variation At Different Ssd, For Radiotherapy Using Solid
• Half Value Layer Verification Of Gamma Rays From Source Co60
Using Varying Field Sizes And
• Correction Factor Of Gamma Camera.
• Investigation Of Occupational Exposure Of Radiation In Bahawalpur Institute Of Nuclear
Medicine And Oncology.
• Determination Of Optimum Imaging Time For Bone Scanning By Using Gamma Camera.
• Comparison Between Ionization Chamber Dosimetry And Thermoluminescence Dosimetry For
Radiotherapy Of Cancer .
• Investigation Of Factors Effecting On The Accuracy Of Treatment Planning For Tumour Therapy.
• Evaluation Of Radiation Dose Response From Gamma Camera In Nuclear Medicine.
• The Role Of X-Ray Simulator For Radiation Treatment Planning Of Tumour..
• Factors Effecting The Absorbed Dose Calculation Using The Single And Multidimensional Beams
For The Radiotherapy.
• Comparison Between Imaging And Non-Imaging Glomerular Filtration Rate (Gfr).
• Quality Assurance In Hdr Brachytherapy.
• Documentation Of Protocols For Quality Control In Nuclear Medicine.
• Comparison Between Open Field Dose Distribution And Wedge Field Dose Distribution In
Treatment Planning Of Tumor.
• Measurement Of Attenuation Coefficient For Shielding Material.
• Linac vs Co-60; A Qualitative Comparison. J. P. & App. Sc. Vol.23, No.1, pp- 73-97,
• The Effect of X-ray Radiation on n-channel MOSFET. J. P. & App. Sc. Vol.22, No.2,
pp- 13-23, Dec 2003.
• Half Value Layer Verification of Gamma Rays from Source Co60 Using Varying
Field Sizes and Lead Thicknesses. J. P. & App. Sc. Vol.22, No.2, pp- 10-111, Dec
• The Kinetics and Mechanism of the PZT Solid-State Formation. Journal of Pure and
Applied Sciences., Vol. 21, No. 2, pp- 85-94, Dec 2002.
• Effect of the Time, on Dose Response Sensitivity of Dosimeter Gels, Between
Preparation and Irradiation. J. P. & App. Sc. Vol.20, No.2, pp- 87-91, Dec 2001.
• Temperature Dependence of Spin-Lattice Relaxation Times of Ferrous Sulfate Gels.
J. P. & App. Sc. Vol.19, No.2, pp- 9-12, Dec 2000.
• Time dependence of spin-lattice relaxation time in Fricke gels. J. P. & App. Sc.
Vol.19, No.2, pp- 25-29, Dec 2000.
• Optimization of MR Imaging sequence, for the dosimeter gels of known T1 values. J.
P. & App. Sc. Vol.19, No.1, pp- 39-47, June 2000.
• Effect of concentration of ferrous ions on zero dose T1 values of dosimeter system. J.
P. & App. Sc. Vol.19, No.1, pp- 71-73, June 2000.
• C-T Measurements on Linearly Graded GE Diodes. Modern Physics Letters B, Vol.
9, No.9, pp-531-536, 1995.
• Estimation of Wind Speed Frequency Distribution Using the Hourly Wind Speed
J. Nat. Sc.& Maths., Vol. 34, No. 1, pp- 145-150, 1994.
• Wind Statistics of Cholistan with Special Reference to Energy. Sci. Int. (Lahore),
Vol. 5, No. 4, pp- 319-320, 1993.
• A Study of the Availability of Diffuse Solar Radiation at Bahawalpur. J. Nat. Sc. &
Maths., Vol. 25, No. 2, pp-51-58, Oct 1985.
Ph.D. 1995 – 1998
Medical Physics, Ninewells Hospital & Medical School, University of Dundee, UK.
Dissertation Topic: ‘Some aspects of the application of Fricke and other gels with NMR
detection to image and plot radiation beams for tumour therapy’
Optimisation of dosimeter gel preparation protocol and investigation of the optimal MR
Imaging protocols. This involved:
• Sensitivity enhancement of the dosimeter gels and a study of the factor that effect
• Establishment of a reproducible technique for phantom localisation for irradiation and
for MR imaging.
• Design of a methodology to minimize gel changes between irradiation and NMR
• Analysis of errors in geometry and in radiation dose measurement.
• Development of a methodology for determination of absorbed dose direct from MR
images and plotting beam profiles for radiotherapy planning.
Main areas of Dr. Afzal’s research concentrated on:
• Optimisation of a tissue equivalent dosimeter gel preparation technique.
• NMR relaxation times measurements both from NMR relaxometer and from curve
fitting on PC.
• NMR relaxation time measurement from MR images.
• Measurements of the sensitivity of the gel relaxation time changes to a range of
radiation exposures from 6MV x-rays linear accelerator. This also involved an
understanding of conventional methods of radiation.
• Testing of different radiation fields with different geometry.
• Scanning on MRI machine with different MR pulse sequences for better contrast.
• MR safety, Image processing, Image transfer and software systems.
Conferences & Courses
International Cancer Congress. Pakistan, 2007
• Conference on Recent Advances in Mathematical Methods. Pakistan, 2007
• International Conference on Nuclearization of South Asia: Pakistan, 2007
Consequences, Challenges and peace Prospects.
National Pharmacy Conference. Pakistan, 2007
• PIP International Conference. Pakistan, 2006
International Oncology & Nuclear Medicine Conference Pakistan, 2005
International Conference on Pediatric Oncology.
• IPEM Third Annual National Conference UK, 1997
• IPEM 2nd
Annual National Conference UK, 1996
• Magnetic Resonance Imaging Quality Assessment Course
• PIP National Conference Pakistan, 1995
• 26th National Science Conference Pakistan, 1992
• Intensive course in English for Academic Purposes from USAID
• Academy for Educational Development Pakistan, 1991
• Workshop in Communication Skills. UK, 1996
Dr. Afzal has the ability to research, evaluate and communicate information. He has
strong decision-making, teamwork and data handling skills with the ability to work
methodically and accurately.
English, Urdu, Punjabi and presently learning Arabic.
Computer Experience & Skills
Environments: I used following computing environments and their attendant commands
MS-DOS 5 & 6; MS Windows 98 & 2000; MS Windows NT 4.0; Sun
Applications - I have used the following applications
• PC station -NMRWIN, Mathcad, Visio6, Photovis, TableCurve 2D,
Terminal, Powerpoint, Excel, Freelance, Photoshop,
Access, Endnote2 (plus standard MS office applications)
• SUN platforms -PV~Wave (Scientific Visualisation and analysis),Visilog (Image Processing)
Mavis (MR QA), Optitool (Image transfer), Wabi (PC UNIX station)
Netscape Navigator 3 & 4, plus standard UNIX tools
• Dr. R. A. Lerski, Director Medical Physics, University of DUNDEE, DD1 9SY,
Dundee, UK. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
• Prof. Dr. Fazal-e-Aleem, Centre for High Energy Physics, Punjab University,
New Campus, Lahore, Pakistan. E-mail: email@example.com
• Prof. Dr. Kh. Haris Rasheed, Director Centre for High Energy Physics, Punjab
University, New Campus, Lahore, Pakistan. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Date of Birth : 12th April, 1958
Nationality : Pakistani
NIC No. : 31103-2894654-7
Sex : Male
Status : Married
Permanent Addres : C/O Rao Ghulam Farid Khan
House No. 106 B, Rao Irshad Street,
Fortabbas, District Bahawalnagar, Pakistan
Phone: (+92) (62-9255562)