Sri Lanka
Country Report
Dr.Jayasundara M.C.Udugama
MBBS, Ph,D
Nuclear Medicine Unit, Faculty of Medicine.
Peradeniya, Sri - Lanka
Sri Lanka
• Official name:
Democratic socialist republic of Sri Lanka
Size : 65,606 sq km (25,300 sq miles)
Location : Isl...
Sri Lanka
Languages : Sinhala,Tamil and English
English is widely spoken throughout
Sri Lanka with the exception of
remote...
Sri Lanka
Religions : Buddhism 69.3%
Hinduism 15.6%
Christianity 7.6%
Islam 7.5%
Literacy rate : 92.1%
NUCLEAR MEDICINE UNITS IN SRI -
LANKA
• Nuclear Medicine Unit.
Peradeniya
NUCLEAR MEDICINE UNITS IN SRI -
LANKA
• Nuclear Medicine Unit.
Peradeniya
• Imaging Unit, Dept. of
Radiology. Colombo
NUCLEAR MEDICINE UNITS IN SRI -
LANKA
• Nuclear Medicine Unit.
Peradeniya
• Imaging Unit, Dept. of
Radiology. Colombo
• Im...
NUCLEAR MEDICINE UNITS IN SRI -
LANKA
• Nuclear Medicine Unit.
Peradeniya
• Imaging Unit, Dept. of
Radiology. Colombo
• Im...
NUCLEAR MEDICINE UNITS IN SRI -
LANKA
Private sector:
Apollo Hospital, Colombo
Nuclear Medicine Unit Peradeniya
• First unit established in Sri - Lanka in 1972
Nuclear Medicine Unit Peradeniya
• First unit established in Sri - Lanka in 1972
– radio immuno assay of thyroid and pitui...
Nuclear Medicine Unit Peradeniya
• First unit established in Sri - Lanka in 1972
– Radio immuno assay of thyroid and pitui...
Nuclear Medicine Unit Peradeniya
• First unit established in Sri - Lanka in 1972
– radio immuno assay of thyroid and pitui...
Nuclear Medicine Unit Peradeniya
• First unit established in Sri - Lanka in 1972
– radio immuno assay of thyroid and pitui...
Nuclear Medicine Unit Peradeniya
• First unit established in Sri - Lanka in 1972
– radio immuno assay of thyroid and pitui...
Nuclear Medicine Unit Peradeniya
• Isotopes
– 125
I for RIA
Nuclear Medicine Unit Peradeniya
• Isotopes
– 125
I for RIA
– 131
I for thyroid uptake, whole body scan and
some thyroid s...
Nuclear Medicine Unit Peradeniya
• Isotopes
– 125
I for RIA
– 131
I for thyroid uptake, whole body scan and
some thyroid s...
Nuclear Medicine Unit Peradeniya
• Work load (per year)
Nuclear Medicine Unit Peradeniya
• Work load (per year)
• Over 10,000 blood samples for RIA
Nuclear Medicine Unit Peradeniya
• Work load (per year)
• Over 10,000 blood samples for RIA
• 800 renal scans
Nuclear Medicine Unit Peradeniya
• Work load (per year)
• Over 10,000 blood samples for RIA
• 800 renal scans
• 500 renogr...
Nuclear Medicine Unit Peradeniya
• Work load (per year)
• Over 10,000 blood samples for RIA
• 800 renal scans
• 500 renogr...
Nuclear Medicine Unit Peradeniya
• Work load (per year)
• Over 10,000 blood samples for RIA
• 800 renal scans
• 500 renogr...
Nuclear Medicine Unit Peradeniya
• Work load (per year)
• Over 10,000 blood samples for RIA
• 800 renal scans
• 500 renogr...
Nuclear Medicine Unit Peradeniya
• Work load (per year)
• Over 10,000 blood samples for RIA
• 800 renal scans
• 500 renogr...
Nuclear Medicine Unit Peradeniya
• Radio isotope supply
Nuclear Medicine Unit Peradeniya
• Radio isotope supply
– 131
I 100 mCi - liquid
Nuclear Medicine Unit Peradeniya
• Radio isotope supply
– 131
I 100 mCi - liquid
– 99m
Tc 256 mCi - generator
Nuclear Medicine Unit Peradeniya
• Radio isotope supply
– 131
I 100 mCi - liquid
– 99m
Tc 256 mCi - generator
– 125
I trac...
Nuclear Medicine Unit Peradeniya
• Work force
Nuclear Medicine Unit Peradeniya
• Work force
– 3 Nuclear Medicine Physicians
Nuclear Medicine Unit Peradeniya
• Work force
– 3 Nuclear Medicine Physicians
– 1 Medical Physicist
Nuclear Medicine Unit Peradeniya
• Work force
– 3 Nuclear Medicine Physicians
– 1 Medical Physicist
– 5 Nuclear Medicine T...
Nuclear Medicine Unit Peradeniya
• Work force
– 3 Nuclear Medicine Physicians
– 1 Medical Physicist
– 5 Nuclear Medicine T...
Nuclear Medicine Unit Peradeniya
• Work force
– 3 Nuclear Medicine Physicians
– 1 Medical Physicist
– 5 Nuclear Medicine T...
Nuclear Medicine Unit Peradeniya
• Work force
– 3 Nuclear Medicine Physicians
– 1 Medical Physicist
– 5 Nuclear Medicine T...
Nuclear Medicine Unit Peradeniya
• Distribution of work
Nuclear Medicine Unit Peradeniya
• Distribution of work
– In rotation
Nuclear Medicine Unit Peradeniya
• Functions of the NMU
– 1. Clinical
– 2. Imaging
– 3. Teaching
– 4. Research
Nuclear Medicine Unit Peradeniya
• Major research projects carried out by this
unit
- 1. Iodination of cooking salt follow...
Nuclear Medicine Unit Peradeniya
• Urgent problems to be solved
– Replacement of an old gamma camera
– Establishment
Regulatory Body
• Atomic Energy Authority of Sri - Lanka
(AEA)
• Under Regulation on Ionizing Radiation
Protection of the ...
Regulatory Body
• Under this act it is mandatory to obtain
Authorization
• Registration and Licensing
Authorization for Medical Practices
• For working with any radiation sources(s)
for medical applications
• Human diagnosis...
Authorization for Medical Practices
• Medical Exposure Protection
– Patient Exposure
Authorization for Medical Practices
• Medical Exposure Protection
– Patient Exposure
– Justification of Medical Exposure
Authorization for Medical Practices
• Medical Exposure Protection
– Patient Exposure
– Justification of Medical Exposure
–...
Authorization for Medical Practices
• Medical Exposure Protection
– Patient Exposure
– Justification of Medical Exposure
–...
Authorization for Medical Practices
• Medical Exposure Protection
– Patient Exposure
– Justification of Medical Exposure
–...
Authorization for Medical Practices
• Medical Exposure Protection
– Patient Exposure
– Justification of Medical Exposure
–...
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Sri Lanka Country Report Dr.Jayasundara M.C.Udugama

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Sri Lanka Country Report Dr.Jayasundara M.C.Udugama

  1. 1. Sri Lanka
  2. 2. Country Report Dr.Jayasundara M.C.Udugama MBBS, Ph,D Nuclear Medicine Unit, Faculty of Medicine. Peradeniya, Sri - Lanka
  3. 3. Sri Lanka • Official name: Democratic socialist republic of Sri Lanka Size : 65,606 sq km (25,300 sq miles) Location : Island off the south eastern shores off India, 800 km north of equator Population : (1999) 19.04 million Population density : 304 people kmsq
  4. 4. Sri Lanka Languages : Sinhala,Tamil and English English is widely spoken throughout Sri Lanka with the exception of remote vilages Ethnic Mix : Sinhalese 74% Tamils 18.1% Muslims 7.1% Other 0.8%
  5. 5. Sri Lanka Religions : Buddhism 69.3% Hinduism 15.6% Christianity 7.6% Islam 7.5% Literacy rate : 92.1%
  6. 6. NUCLEAR MEDICINE UNITS IN SRI - LANKA • Nuclear Medicine Unit. Peradeniya
  7. 7. NUCLEAR MEDICINE UNITS IN SRI - LANKA • Nuclear Medicine Unit. Peradeniya • Imaging Unit, Dept. of Radiology. Colombo
  8. 8. NUCLEAR MEDICINE UNITS IN SRI - LANKA • Nuclear Medicine Unit. Peradeniya • Imaging Unit, Dept. of Radiology. Colombo • Imaging Unit, Lady Ridgeway Hospital for Children
  9. 9. NUCLEAR MEDICINE UNITS IN SRI - LANKA • Nuclear Medicine Unit. Peradeniya • Imaging Unit, Dept. of Radiology. Colombo • Imaging Unit, Lady Ridgeway Hospital for Children • Nuclear Medicine Unit, Galle
  10. 10. NUCLEAR MEDICINE UNITS IN SRI - LANKA Private sector: Apollo Hospital, Colombo
  11. 11. Nuclear Medicine Unit Peradeniya • First unit established in Sri - Lanka in 1972
  12. 12. Nuclear Medicine Unit Peradeniya • First unit established in Sri - Lanka in 1972 – radio immuno assay of thyroid and pituitary hormones
  13. 13. Nuclear Medicine Unit Peradeniya • First unit established in Sri - Lanka in 1972 – Radio immuno assay of thyroid and pituitary hormones – Imaging section in • 1976 for thyroid scanning
  14. 14. Nuclear Medicine Unit Peradeniya • First unit established in Sri - Lanka in 1972 – radio immuno assay of thyroid and pituitary hormones – Imaging section in • 1976 for thyroid scanning • 1984 for other scans- renograms
  15. 15. Nuclear Medicine Unit Peradeniya • First unit established in Sri - Lanka in 1972 – radio immuno assay of thyroid and pituitary hormones – Imaging section in • 1976 for thyroid scanning • 1984 for other scans- renograms • 1990 for planar imaging
  16. 16. Nuclear Medicine Unit Peradeniya • First unit established in Sri - Lanka in 1972 – radio immuno assay of thyroid and pituitary hormones – Imaging section in • 1976 for thyroid scanning • 1984 for other scans- renograms • 1990 for planar imaging • 1994 for 131 I therapy unit
  17. 17. Nuclear Medicine Unit Peradeniya • Isotopes – 125 I for RIA
  18. 18. Nuclear Medicine Unit Peradeniya • Isotopes – 125 I for RIA – 131 I for thyroid uptake, whole body scan and some thyroid scans
  19. 19. Nuclear Medicine Unit Peradeniya • Isotopes – 125 I for RIA – 131 I for thyroid uptake, whole body scan and some thyroid scans – 99m Tc for other scans
  20. 20. Nuclear Medicine Unit Peradeniya • Work load (per year)
  21. 21. Nuclear Medicine Unit Peradeniya • Work load (per year) • Over 10,000 blood samples for RIA
  22. 22. Nuclear Medicine Unit Peradeniya • Work load (per year) • Over 10,000 blood samples for RIA • 800 renal scans
  23. 23. Nuclear Medicine Unit Peradeniya • Work load (per year) • Over 10,000 blood samples for RIA • 800 renal scans • 500 renograms
  24. 24. Nuclear Medicine Unit Peradeniya • Work load (per year) • Over 10,000 blood samples for RIA • 800 renal scans • 500 renograms • 500 thyroid scans
  25. 25. Nuclear Medicine Unit Peradeniya • Work load (per year) • Over 10,000 blood samples for RIA • 800 renal scans • 500 renograms • 500 thyroid scans • 300 bone scans
  26. 26. Nuclear Medicine Unit Peradeniya • Work load (per year) • Over 10,000 blood samples for RIA • 800 renal scans • 500 renograms • 500 thyroid scans • 300 bone scans • 150 whole body scans
  27. 27. Nuclear Medicine Unit Peradeniya • Work load (per year) • Over 10,000 blood samples for RIA • 800 renal scans • 500 renograms • 500 thyroid scans • 300 bone scans • 150 whole body scans • 200 other scans
  28. 28. Nuclear Medicine Unit Peradeniya • Radio isotope supply
  29. 29. Nuclear Medicine Unit Peradeniya • Radio isotope supply – 131 I 100 mCi - liquid
  30. 30. Nuclear Medicine Unit Peradeniya • Radio isotope supply – 131 I 100 mCi - liquid – 99m Tc 256 mCi - generator
  31. 31. Nuclear Medicine Unit Peradeniya • Radio isotope supply – 131 I 100 mCi - liquid – 99m Tc 256 mCi - generator – 125 I tracer 200 uCi / month
  32. 32. Nuclear Medicine Unit Peradeniya • Work force
  33. 33. Nuclear Medicine Unit Peradeniya • Work force – 3 Nuclear Medicine Physicians
  34. 34. Nuclear Medicine Unit Peradeniya • Work force – 3 Nuclear Medicine Physicians – 1 Medical Physicist
  35. 35. Nuclear Medicine Unit Peradeniya • Work force – 3 Nuclear Medicine Physicians – 1 Medical Physicist – 5 Nuclear Medicine Technologists
  36. 36. Nuclear Medicine Unit Peradeniya • Work force – 3 Nuclear Medicine Physicians – 1 Medical Physicist – 5 Nuclear Medicine Technologists – 1 Maintenance Technologist
  37. 37. Nuclear Medicine Unit Peradeniya • Work force – 3 Nuclear Medicine Physicians – 1 Medical Physicist – 5 Nuclear Medicine Technologists – 1 Maintenance Technologist – 4 Minor staff
  38. 38. Nuclear Medicine Unit Peradeniya • Work force – 3 Nuclear Medicine Physicians – 1 Medical Physicist – 5 Nuclear Medicine Technologists – 1 Maintenance Technologist – 4 Minor staff – 1 Secretary
  39. 39. Nuclear Medicine Unit Peradeniya • Distribution of work
  40. 40. Nuclear Medicine Unit Peradeniya • Distribution of work – In rotation
  41. 41. Nuclear Medicine Unit Peradeniya • Functions of the NMU – 1. Clinical – 2. Imaging – 3. Teaching – 4. Research
  42. 42. Nuclear Medicine Unit Peradeniya • Major research projects carried out by this unit - 1. Iodination of cooking salt following establishment of iodine deficient goiters in Sri Lanka - 2. Neonatal screening for thyroxin deficiency - 3. Establishment of level of obstruction in lower limb lymph edema
  43. 43. Nuclear Medicine Unit Peradeniya • Urgent problems to be solved – Replacement of an old gamma camera – Establishment
  44. 44. Regulatory Body • Atomic Energy Authority of Sri - Lanka (AEA) • Under Regulation on Ionizing Radiation Protection of the Atomic Energy Safety Regulations No. 1 of 1969 • AEA Act No. 19 of 1969
  45. 45. Regulatory Body • Under this act it is mandatory to obtain Authorization • Registration and Licensing
  46. 46. Authorization for Medical Practices • For working with any radiation sources(s) for medical applications • Human diagnosis and /or radiotherapy – Medical doctors – Health Physicists – Technologists
  47. 47. Authorization for Medical Practices • Medical Exposure Protection – Patient Exposure
  48. 48. Authorization for Medical Practices • Medical Exposure Protection – Patient Exposure – Justification of Medical Exposure
  49. 49. Authorization for Medical Practices • Medical Exposure Protection – Patient Exposure – Justification of Medical Exposure – Optimization of Protection for Medical Exposures
  50. 50. Authorization for Medical Practices • Medical Exposure Protection – Patient Exposure – Justification of Medical Exposure – Optimization of Protection for Medical Exposures – Guidance levels for Diagnostic Medical Exposure
  51. 51. Authorization for Medical Practices • Medical Exposure Protection – Patient Exposure – Justification of Medical Exposure – Optimization of Protection for Medical Exposures – Guidance levels for Diagnostic Medical Exposure – Medical Incidents
  52. 52. Authorization for Medical Practices • Medical Exposure Protection – Patient Exposure – Justification of Medical Exposure – Optimization of Protection for Medical Exposures – Guidance Levels for Diagnostic Medical Exposure – Medical Incidents – Records

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