1. Wednesday 26th November 2003
‘Weapons of Mass-Destruction’CONFIDENTIAL
3. •The only main radiological weapon is the
•It is basically a normal bomb, with
radioactive material included with the
•It is important to remember that the
explosion isn’t nuclear, although the effects
on people and property are very similar
•The main effects are radiation sickness,
which usually leads to death
•These bombs are thought to be the first
choice of many terrorists, as they are
relatively easy to acquire components and
construct, compared to nuclear bombs etc
4. The Atomic Bomb
• In 1942 the atomic bomb was developed in
the USA to combat the threat of Hitler.
• After the Germans surrendered, research
continued in secret.
• It cost nearly $2billion and more than
120,000 people were involved.
• It was named the ‘Manhattan Project’.
• On the 16th
July 1945 the worlds first
atomic bomb test was carried out in New
5. Japan & The Atomic Bomb
• The first Atomic Bomb was dropped on Hiroshima,
Japan on the 6th August 1945.
• It was dropped from the ‘Enola Gay’ and was
nicknamed ‘Little Boy.’
• The strong winds from the blast destroyed all
buildings within a 1.5 mile radius and the huge
amount of heat emitted burnt everything in its path
– including the people of Hiroshima.
• It is estimated that between 140,000 and 200,000
people have died as a result of the bomb.
• Three days later the second bomb was dropped on
• It’s nickname was ‘Fat Man.’
• Even though the bomb was larger and more powerful
than ‘Little Boy’ it caused less damage due to the
geography of the city.
• Approximately 70,000 died as a result of the bomb.
7. • Nuclear weapons produce devastating and long-term
effects on human and animal life, as well as the
environments in which they live. These are the
hardest of all types of weapons to make because the
critical nuclear elements — plutonium and/or highly
enriched uranium — are hard to come by, and are very
The Effects Of Nuclear Weapons
• These weapons are most likely to be delivered in the
form of ballistic missiles or bombs dropped by fly-
over bombers. Terrorists could also cause accidents
involving nuclear power plants, nuclear medicine
machines in hospitals and vehicles used in the
transportation of nuclear waste.
• The size of an actual nuclear weapon can be quite
small, and could easily fit into a large car or
truck. That has sparked a fear among many experts
that a nuclear warhead could simply be driven into a
large city by terrorists and detonated by either a
suicide bomber or by remote control.
8. •The United States has a stockpile of 10,600 nuclear weapons and
103 power plants. Russia has a similar supply. The United Nation's
‘International Atomic Energy Agency’ oversees 900 of the world's
nuclear facilities. Pakistan and India have both exploded nuclear
devices in test blasts. Israel and North Korea are two countries
believed to possess nuclear weapons.
•Nuclear weapons continue to be a proliferation concern,
particularly when North Korea recently announced it was continuing
its nuclear arms program, and withdrew from the ‘International
Nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty.‘
•One worry of the United States is not so much that North Korea
itself will use what weapons it has, but that it will have no
qualms about selling them to the highest bidder, whether that
bidder be a nation such as Iraq, which sponsors terrorism, or
individual terrorist groups such as Al-Qaeda.
Who Has Them?
9. One worst-case scenario
simulation estimated a
one-megaton explosion in
Detroit (equivalent to a
million tons of TNT) could
kill 250,000 people,
injure half a million
more, and flatten all
buildings within a 1.7
10. First comes the
11. …then comes the
12. – USA
Countries with nuclear weapons are:
Countries suspected of having nuclear weapons:
14. Biological Weapons
Some of the most dangerous types of biological weapons are
anthrax and smallpox and fall into category A
Category B are less dangerous and cause minor fatality e.g. Q
fever or enterotoxin B
Category C could in the future be very dangerous such as nipah
virus or yellow fever
Symptoms vary between each category but each has flu symptoms.
They are treated using antibiotics and vaccines.
There are three types of anthrax: skin, lungs and digestive.
It was used as a weapon in 2001 across America with 22 reported
cases of anthrax infection
Anthrax is a category A weapon because it poses the greatest
possible threat for a bad effect on public health, may spread
across a large area or needs public awareness and planning to
protect the public’s health
15. Chemical Weapons
16. Chemical Weapons
• Chemical weapons are mainly gas based weapons and the use of
them were banned in 1925.
• The first chemical weapon to be used was ‘Mustard Gas’ in WWI.
It caused massive bleeding and took a person about 5 weeks to
die of poisoning. It is estimated to have affected 1 million
soldiers and killed 40,000.
• The most dangerous chemical weapon known is ‘VX’ and attacks
the nervous system.
• VX was created in the UK who then traded it the USA for their
nuclear weapons programme
• The main effects of VX are spasms, comas and eventually death
• Only America, Russia and France are known to have VX, and it is
unlikely ever to be used as a counter attack of nuclear weapons
would be likely
17. Since 1940 the USA has spent
$239182430 every day on
defence of their country
That works out at
approximately $9million an
$166thousand a minute
…they have 10,600 nuclear
weapons at their disposal…
18. …and we’re meant to
19. ‘Weapons of Mass-Destruction’ was
brought to you by…
“Chemical” Andy Myers
Richard “So Damn Insane” Hall
Simon “Weapon of mass reproduction” Denham
Leigh “Fat Man” Jenkinson
Martin “Little Boy” Cawood