Alex Pinard & Omer Rehman
Varvel, G. (n.d.). Proffesional Cartoonist's Index. Retrieved March 25, 2008, from MSNBC:
http:/...
History of Cloning
• The term Clone was first used by J.B.S
Haldane in 1963
• 1990 Human Gemone project began
• Dolly the ...
Types of Cloning
• DNA Cloning/ Recombinant DNA
Technology/ Molecular Cloning
• Reproductive cloning
• Therapeutic Cloning...
DNA Cloning
• DNA fragment is transferred to self-replicating
element
• Bacterial Plasmid
• Yeast Artificial Chromosome (Y...
Reproductive Cloning
• Somatic Cell Nuclear
Transfer (SCNT)
• Nucleus removed
• Chemicals or Electric
current used for cel...
Therapeutic Cloning
• “Embryo Cloning”
• Creates embryos for research
• Treating disease
• Stem cells extracted from egg
•...
Why is Human Cloning Important?
• Learning about genetic engineering and
technologies related to it
• Producing organs to ...
Cloning Risks
• Based off of what we know about cloning
in general:
• Over 90% of attempts fail
• Cloned animals have wors...
Ethical Issues
• Human Embryos killed
• “Self Engineering” is unnatural
• First attempts to clone humans will
probably lea...
Other Cloning/DNA Facts
• Theory- Cells in animals “know” their age
• Each person’s DNA is 99.9% identical
• We have six f...
Cloning in the Future
• Use in vaccines, medicines
• Treatment of injuries
• Treating Infertility
• Surgery (cloning organ...
Bibliography
• (2006, August 29). Human Genome Project Information. Retrieved
March 28, 2008, from U.S. Department of Ener...
Questions
• Any Questions?
• Do you think that human cloning should be
allowed? Why or why not?
• Do you think that the us...
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  1. 1. Alex Pinard & Omer Rehman Varvel, G. (n.d.). Proffesional Cartoonist's Index. Retrieved March 25, 2008, from MSNBC: http://cagle.msnbc.com/news/cloning/10.asp
  2. 2. History of Cloning • The term Clone was first used by J.B.S Haldane in 1963 • 1990 Human Gemone project began • Dolly the sheep cloned in 1997 • First Cloned Embryo made by South Korean researchers- December 16, 1998 • First cloned embryo in US created October 13th , 2001
  3. 3. Types of Cloning • DNA Cloning/ Recombinant DNA Technology/ Molecular Cloning • Reproductive cloning • Therapeutic Cloning • Media Varvel, G. (n.d.). Proffesional Cartoonist's Index. Retrieved March 25, 2008, from MSNBC: http://cagle.msnbc.com/news/cloning/10.asp
  4. 4. DNA Cloning • DNA fragment is transferred to self-replicating element • Bacterial Plasmid • Yeast Artificial Chromosome (YAC) • Used to generate multiple copies of the same gene • Human Genome Project Study (2003, April 14). The Finished Human Genome - Wellcome To The Genomic Age. Retrieved March 20, 2008, from Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute: http://www.sanger.ac.uk/Info/Press/2003/030414.shtml
  5. 5. Reproductive Cloning • Somatic Cell Nuclear Transfer (SCNT) • Nucleus removed • Chemicals or Electric current used for cell division. • Only Nuclear DNA is the same as original animal. • Reprogramming Cells Boyle, A. (2004, February 12). Stem cells extracted from human clone. Retrieved March 28, 2008, from MSNBC: www.msnbc.msn.com/id/4244988/
  6. 6. Therapeutic Cloning • “Embryo Cloning” • Creates embryos for research • Treating disease • Stem cells extracted from egg • Blastocyst • Ethical issues Watson, S. (n.d.). How Stem Cells Work. Retrieved February 29, 2008, from HowStuffWorks: http://science.howstuffworks.com/stem -cell.htm (2006, June 5). Diabetes Headlines and Research. Retrieved March 23, 2008, from Islets Of Hope: http://www.isletsofhope.com /diabetes/research/stem_cell_what_1.html
  7. 7. Why is Human Cloning Important? • Learning about genetic engineering and technologies related to it • Producing organs to replace damaged ones • Research into diseases • Assisted reproduction
  8. 8. Cloning Risks • Based off of what we know about cloning in general: • Over 90% of attempts fail • Cloned animals have worse immune systems and more disorders • Early death • Many genes don’t function properly • Some cloned animals are much larger than the rest of their species.
  9. 9. Ethical Issues • Human Embryos killed • “Self Engineering” is unnatural • First attempts to clone humans will probably lead to miscarriage • Children have a right to choose their future • Some defects may not show until the clone is already grown
  10. 10. Other Cloning/DNA Facts • Theory- Cells in animals “know” their age • Each person’s DNA is 99.9% identical • We have six feet of DNA each chromosome of each cell • First cloned animal was a tadpole – 1952 • Twins are “natural clones”
  11. 11. Cloning in the Future • Use in vaccines, medicines • Treatment of injuries • Treating Infertility • Surgery (cloning organs) • Curing Cancer • Skin Grafts • Gene Therapy • Diabetes
  12. 12. Bibliography • (2006, August 29). Human Genome Project Information. Retrieved March 28, 2008, from U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science, Office of Biological and Environmental Research, Human Genome Program: http://www.ornl.gov/sci/techresources/Human_Genome/elsi/cloning.shtml • Freudenrich, C. (n.d.). How DNA Works. Retrieved March 27, 2008, from How Stuff Works: http://science.howstuffworks.com/dna1.htm • Gibbs, N. (2001, February 18). Baby, It's You! And You, And You.... TIME • McGee, G. (2001). Primer on Ethics and Human Cloning. Retrieved February 26, 2008, from aibs: http://www.actionbioscience.org/biotech/mcgee.html • "What is Cloning." Learn Genetics. 1 Jan. 2008. The University of Utah. 11 Feb. 2008 <http://learn.genetics.utah.edu/units/cloning/whatiscloning/>.
  13. 13. Questions • Any Questions? • Do you think that human cloning should be allowed? Why or why not? • Do you think that the use of cloning should be limited? why, and what should it be limited to? • Is there a difference between cloning humans and cloning animals? Explain. • What do you think scientists would need to do to make cloning more widely accepted? • Would it be okay to clone historical figures such as Einstein for their abilities? Why or why not?

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