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NAA for pre-Hispanic ceramics and related projects of the IAEA

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  • 1. NAA for pre-Hispanic ceramics and related projects of the IAEA Coordinated Research Projects (CRPs) and regional Technical Cooperation projects for cultural heritage and archaeological investigations
  • 2. • Role of the International Atomic Energy Agency • Previous activities • Ongoing projects • Outlook
  • 3. IAEA at a Glance — 2004  Founded in 1957  137 Member States  2200 professional and support staff  3 scientific laboratories  Headquarters in Vienna; offices in Tokyo, Toronto, Geneva and New York  Total Budget in 2004: $397 million IAEA at Work / Iraq / Hot spots / Safety / Security / Technology
  • 4. IAEA At Work Maximizing the contribution of nuclear technology: Verifying its peaceful use Safeguards & Verification Safety & Security Science & Technology IAEA at Work / Iraq / Hot spots / Safety / Security / Technology
  • 5. Ensuring Safety of Nuclear Technologies  442 nuclear plants in 30 countries  Thousands of uses of radioactive materials in: – Industry – Medicine – Agriculture – Mineral exploration IAEA at Work / Iraq / Hot spots / Safety / Security / Technology
  • 6. Technical Co-operation: Addresses key problems in developing nations  Contaminated drinking water  Diseases: TB, AIDS, Malaria, Cancer and Sleeping Sickness  Malnutrition and food scarcity  Environmental management  Preservation of cultural heritage etc. IAEA at Work / Iraq / Hot spots / Safety / Security / Technology
  • 7. Science and Technology for Development  Better Water Management: Isotope Hydrology  Controlling Insect Pests: Sterile Insect Technique  Ensuring Food Safety:Irradiation  Managing Nature: Isotope Techniques  Treating Cancer: Radiotherapy  Diagnosing Diseases: Nuclear Medicine  Industrial Development: Radiation and Tracer Techniques  Research: Nuclear Data, CRPs, Meetings, Conferences, Expert Services, etc…. IAEA at Work / Iraq / Hot spots / Safety / Security / Technology
  • 8. IAEA — Budget  $269 million Regular Budget  Extra budgetary contributions of $38 million  Nuclear Security Fund: $11 million  $79 million to the TC programme Regular TC EBF Total in 2004: US $397.4 million IAEA at Work / Iraq / Hot spots / Safety / Security / Technology
  • 9. IAEA at Work / Iraq / Hot spots / Safety / Security / Technology
  • 10. CRP on “ Nuclear Analytical Techniques in Archaeological Investigations” (F.2.30.15, 1996-1999) participants: seven laboratories from 6 countries in Latin America + one consultant from USA (Smithsonian Institution, Center for Material Research and Education)  objectives: Promotion of interdisciplinary research Strengthen the role of NATs in the region  outcome: synergistic effects in NATs and archaeology improved data interpretation capabilities demonstrated competence of NATs for interdisciplinary problem solving
  • 11. Individual project results  Argentina: extensive trading activities and the exchange of ceramics between two pre-Columbian groups in the north-western part of Argentina.  Brazil, Sao Paulo: Three distinct and very confined clusters of pottery from Amazon populations trading 1000 and 1500 years before present.  Brazil, Belo Horizonte: clear distinction among the pottery types of Uru tradition and the Aratu tradition (1200 AD) from a double ring shaped village.  Chile: very hetererogeneous concentration pattern in pottery of the Aconcagua Culture (900 - 1450 A.D.) in Central Chile.  Cuba: aborigine ceramic production could be distinguished on the bases of concentration pattern. Majolica from colonial Havana could be re-classified as originating from Italy (Liguria) rather than from Spain as originally suggested.  Mexico: Mexico City and Puebla ceramics from Templo Mayor excavations could be separated clearly on the bases of trace element fingerprinting.  Peru: nine distinct groups of pottery were identified from pre-Columbian Inka sherds using multivariate statistical analysis.
  • 12. • Technical Report Series 416 • PER/8/013 Application of Nuclear Techniques for the Analysis, Conservation and Dating of Archaeological Materials • SYR/1/004 Nuclear Techniques for Dating Analysis and Preservation of Archaeological Materials
  • 13. RER/1/006 Nuclear Techniques for the Protection of Cultural Heritage Artefacts in the Mediterranean Region (2005-2007) Participants: Albania, Croatia , Cyprus , Greece(?), Malta, Serbia and Montenegro, Turkey Objectives: > study, restoration and conservation of cultural heritage > enhance the cooperation between the existing laboratories > promote the role of nuclear analytical techniques in archaeometry
  • 14. Activities: > 1st co-ordination meeting 07-09 February 2005 at VIC, Vienna > Expert missions, fellowships and group activities > Establish a network between the laboratories > Training of staff in using NATs for archaeological investigations > Cooperation with COST-8 and ARTECH network would greatly enhance impact and sustainability
  • 15. F2.30.23: New CRP on ‘NATs for art object identification’ 2005-2008 Participants: Brazil, China, Croatia, Cuba, France, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Hungary, Kazakhstan, Malaysia, Mexico, Peru, Poland, Syria, 1st RCM: 21-25 February 2005 in Damascus, Syria Objectives: • Explore new fields of application for NATs • Foster collaboration between museum conservators and analytical researchers • NATs for conservation and recovery of national heritage
  • 16. Techniques and study materials covered: Analytical Techniques: NAA, PGNAA, XRF (stationary and portable), PIXE, IBA, and conventional methods Study areas:  Marajoara, Lagartero Chiapas, and other pottery  Pigments of paintings  Tang Sancai porcelain  Ghanaian gold and metal artefacts  Neolithic stone artefacts  Ceramics and coins  Peruvian textiles  Bronze age metallic artefacts  Medieval glass ware
  • 17. Future plans: • Enhance human capacity for cultural heritage preservation and investigation • Support laboratories to acquire technical capabilities for archaeological investigations • Establish regional networking for exchange of expertise and mutual use of resources • To promote the use of nuclear techniques for provenance studies, age determination and authenticity verification
  • 18. Back to Index.ppt