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NAA for pre-Hispanic ceramics and related projects of the IAEA






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NAA for pre-Hispanic ceramics and related projects of the IAEA Presentation Transcript

  • 1. NAA for pre-Hispanic ceramics and related projects of the IAEA Coordinated Research Projects (CRPs) and regional Technical Cooperation projects for cultural heritage and archaeological investigations
  • 2.
    • Role of the International Atomic Energy Agency
    • Previous activities
    • Ongoing projects
    • Outlook
  • 3. IAEA at a Glance — 2004
    • Founded in 1957
    • 137 Member States
    • 2200 professional and support staff
    • 3 scientific laboratories
    • Headquarters in Vienna; offices in Tokyo, Toronto, Geneva and New York
    • Total Budget in 2004: $397 million
    IAEA at Work / Iraq / Hot spots / Safety / Security / Technology
  • 4. IAEA At Work
    • Maximizing the contribution of nuclear technology: Verifying its peaceful use
    Safeguards & Verification Safety & Security Science & Technology IAEA at Work / Iraq / Hot spots / Safety / Security / Technology
  • 5. Ensuring Safety of Nuclear Technologies
    • 442 nuclear plants in 30 countries
    • Thousands of uses of radioactive materials in:
      • Industry
      • Medicine
      • Agriculture
      • Mineral exploration
    IAEA at Work / Iraq / Hot spots / Safety / Security / Technology
  • 6. Technical Co-operation: Addresses key problems in developing nations
    • Contaminated drinking water
    • Diseases: TB, AIDS, Malaria, Cancer and Sleeping Sickness
    • Malnutrition and food scarcity
    • Environmental management
    • Preservation of cultural heritage etc.
    IAEA at Work / Iraq / Hot spots / Safety / Security / Technology
  • 7. Science and Technology for Development
    • Better Water Management: Isotope Hydrology
    • Controlling Insect Pests: Sterile Insect Technique
    • Ensuring Food Safety:Irradiation
    • Managing Nature: Isotope Techniques
    • Treating Cancer: Radiotherapy
    • Diagnosing Diseases: Nuclear Medicine
    • Industrial Development: Radiation and Tracer Techniques
    • Research: Nuclear Data, CRPs, Meetings, Conferences, Expert Services, etc….
    IAEA at Work / Iraq / Hot spots / Safety / Security / Technology
  • 8. IAEA — Budget
    • $269 million Regular Budget
    • Extra budgetary contributions of $38 million
    • Nuclear Security Fund: $11 million
    • $79 million to the TC programme
    Total in 2004: US $397.4 million IAEA at Work / Iraq / Hot spots / Safety / Security / Technology Regular TC EBF
  • 9. IAEA at Work / Iraq / Hot spots / Safety / Security / Technology
  • 10. CRP on “ Nuclear Analytical Techniques in Archaeological Investigations ” (F.2.30.15, 1996-1999 )
    • participants :
    • seven laboratories from 6 countries in Latin America + one consultant from USA (Smithsonian Institution, Center for Material Research and Education)
    • objectives :
    • Promotion of interdisciplinary research
    • Strengthen the role of NATs in the region
    • outcome :
    • synergistic effects in NATs and archaeology
    • improved data interpretation capabilities
    • demonstrated competence of NATs for interdisciplinary problem solving
  • 11. Individual project results
    • Argentina: extensive trading activities and the exchange of ceramics between two pre-Columbian groups in the north-western part of Argentina.
    • Brazil, Sao Paulo : Three distinct and very confined clusters of pottery from Amazon populations trading 1000 and 1500 years before present.
    • Brazil, Belo Horizonte: clear distinction among the pottery types of Uru tradition and the Aratu tradition (1200 AD) from a double ring shaped village.
    • Chile: very hetererogeneous concentration pattern in pottery of the Aconcagua Culture (900 - 1450 A.D.) in Central Chile.
    • Cuba: aborigine ceramic production could be distinguished on the bases of concentration pattern. Majolica from colonial Havana could be re-classified as originating from Italy (Liguria) rather than from Spain as originally suggested.
    • Mexico: Mexico City and Puebla ceramics from Templo Mayor excavations could be separated clearly on the bases of trace element fingerprinting.
    • Peru: nine distinct groups of pottery were identified from pre-Columbian Inka sherds using multivariate statistical analysis.
  • 12.
    • Technical Report Series 416
    • PER/8/013   Application of Nuclear Techniques for the Analysis, Conservation and Dating of Archaeological Materials
    • SYR/1/004   Nuclear Techniques for Dating Analysis and Preservation of Archaeological Materials
  • 13. RER/1/006   Nuclear Techniques for the Protection of Cultural Heritage Artefacts in the Mediterranean Region (2005-2007) Participants: Albania , Croatia , Cyprus , Greece(?), Malta, Serbia and Montenegro , Turkey Objectives: > study, restoration and conservation of cultural heritage > enhance the cooperation between the existing laboratories > promote the role of nuclear analytical techniques in archaeometry
  • 14. Activities: > 1 st co-ordination meeting 07-09 February 2005 at VIC, Vienna > Expert missions, fellowships and group activities > Establish a network between the laboratories > Training of staff in using NATs for archaeological investigations > Cooperation with COST-8 and ARTECH network would greatly enhance impact and sustainability
  • 15. F2.30.23: New CRP on ‘NATs for art object identification’ 2005-2008
    • Participants: Brazil, China, Croatia, Cuba, France, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Hungary, Kazakhstan, Malaysia, Mexico, Peru, Poland, Syria,
    • 1 st RCM: 21-25 February 2005 in Damascus, Syria
    • Objectives:
    • Explore new fields of application for NATs
    • Foster collaboration between museum conservators and analytical researchers
    • NATs for conservation and recovery of national heritage
  • 16. Techniques and study materials covered:
    • Analytical Techniques:
    • NAA, PGNAA, XRF (stationary and portable), PIXE, IBA, and conventional methods
    • Study areas:
    • Marajoara, Lagartero Chiapas, and other pottery
    • Pigments of paintings
    • Tang Sancai porcelain
    • Ghanaian gold and metal artefacts
    • Neolithic stone artefacts
    • Ceramics and coins
    • Peruvian textiles
    • Bronze age metallic artefacts
    • Medieval glass ware
  • 17. Future plans:
    • Enhance human capacity for cultural heritage preservation and investigation
    • Support laboratories to acquire technical capabilities for archaeological investigations
    • Establish regional networking for exchange of expertise and mutual use of resources
    • To promote the use of nuclear techniques for provenance studies, age determination and authenticity verification
  • 18. Thank you Back to Index . ppt