- Mr. Se Joon Yoon, Director of KONICOF

1,117 views

Published on

Published in: Technology, Business
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,117
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
13
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • Since 1980s, Korea has achieved remarkable outcomes in nuclear R&D fields.
    These have been mainly achieved by KAERI, my institute.
    In 1981, we started the localization of PHWR fuel, and in 1987 attained it.
    Consequently, we accomplished PWR fuel localization in 1990, and then succeeded in PWR system design technology self-reliance in 1996, so called Korean standard nuclear power plant, KSNPP. KSNPP is now called OPR1000. Its full name is Optimized Power Reactor, and its capacity is 1000MWe.
    The first KSNPP was constructed in 2001.
    We developed APR1400 in 2001 through national project.
    APR1400 is 1400MWe PWR and an evolutionary type of OPR1000.
    The first construction of APR1400 will be expected in 2010.
    Furthermore we develop SMART for export and also develop Gen IV nuclear energy systems of SFR and VHTR. They will be constructed in the future.
  • As shown in this slide, we have 6 major project for developing advanced nuclear reactor systems and fuels.
    SFR for effective LWR spent fuel management, VHTR for mass production of Hydrogen energy, SCWR for mass production of nuclear power after current LWR, SMART for export, APR1400 and APR+ for near-term evolutionary nuclear power plant to replace current OPR1000 plant, and finally advanced LWR fuel for higher burning-up and capability of load-following operation.
    (SFR)
    Regarding SFR development, we already finished the development of conceptual design of KALIMER-600 in 2006. KALIMER-600 is Korean SFR concept, which is being developed as one of the Gen IV systems.
    For SFR development, we have a goal to complete the pre- conceptual design of Gen IV SFR. To do this, we will establish indigenous core, fuel & system concept by 2009, and verify computer code by 2011.
    (VHTR)
    We also have conducted Nuclear Hydrogen Development and Demonstration program.
    Through key technology development and demonstration of plant design by 2015, the demo plant will be constructed and operate in 2020.
    After the demonstration of nuclear hydrogen technology, we expect commercialized nuclear hydrogen production in 2030.
    Now we are going to develop TRISO fuel & design technology for VHTR.
    (SCWR)
    Regarding SCWR development, we are now performing a feasibility evaluation by 2009. This study is to evaluate its technical and economical feasibility and replace-ability of current LWR plants.
    (SMART)
    For SMART development, we already completed a basic design of its nuclear steam supply system by 2002, and have a plan to verify and validate its safety and get its standard design certificate from KINS, Korea nuclear regulator, by 2012.
    (Advanced fuel>
    Regarding Advanced LWR fuel development, we are carrying out R&Ds to increase burn-up to 70 thousands MWd/tU, and to endure under power up over 20%, and to decrease fuel pellet centerline temperature by more than 30%.
  • KINS has been developing this program since the early of 1990’s.
    This program is a kind of mandatory training program for KINS staff
    and mainly focused on the development of regulatory capability
    for in-house personnel. Through this program, KINS staff acquire the skills,
    attitude, and knowledge necessary for nuclear & radiation safety regulation.
    Most important course of this program is an Inspector certification program.
    Inspector certification is required by the Order of MEST.
    This program mainly consists of the 4 week program for new inspectors
    And the 1 week refresh program every 3 years.
    In addition, there are many basic and professional courses
    For in-house personnel in each specific fields.
    I will skip the details on this program.
  • Moving on, this is our recent training status.
    A 4 week training course for North Korea was held in 2002
    in the area of regulatory system, general procedures and documents for
    safety review and inspection on Nuclear Power Plants.
    This course was developed as a part of Korean Peninsula Energy Development
    Organization (KEDO) project.
    A 2 week training course on decommissioning and decontamination of nuclear facilities
    was held in 2006 for Iraq. Last year, another training course was developed
    for Indonesian regulatory staff in the area of nuclear safety regulation in basic..
    In addition, IAEA training courses and workshops were held 2 or 3 times every year.
    And basic course to introduce the nuclear safety regulation in Korea
    for fellows and experts from other countries were held 5 times last year.
  • - Mr. Se Joon Yoon, Director of KONICOF

    1. 1. Korea Nuclear International Cooperation Foundation Introduction to KONICOF & Nuclear Energy in Korea Dec. 3. 08
    2. 2. Korea Nuclear International Cooperation Foundation 2 I II V KONICOF Korea Energy Review III IV KINAC INSS Nuclear Technology Development in Korea Table of Contents VII VI VIII RCA Regional Office International R&D Programs Involvement KONICOF Working Towards the Future
    3. 3. Korea Nuclear International Cooperation Foundation 3 Energy Situation of KoreaEnergy Situation of Korea  Top 10 Energy Consumer in the World • 7th in Oil Consumption  Weak Energy Security • ~97% overseas energy dependence • High dependence on the Middle East Asian oil (~70%)  Large CO2 Emission • 10th largest emitter of CO2 in the world Rank Energy Consumption (MTOE/y) Oil Consumption (Million Tonnes) 1 USA 2,340 USA 938.8 2 China 1717 China 349.8 3 Russia 647 Japan 235.0 4 India 537 Russia 128.5 5 Japan 530 German 123.5 6 Germany 345 India 120.3 7 France 276 Korea 105.3 8 Canada 272 … 9 UK 234 … 10 Korea 214 …(BP Statistical review 2007) Transition to New Energy Paradigm is required (2007 key world energy statistics, Published 2005) I. Korea Energy Review
    4. 4. Korea Nuclear International Cooperation Foundation 4 Seoul  Ulchin #1 6∼  Kori #1 4∼ ► Shin Kori #1, 2  Wolsong #1 4∼ ► Shin Wolsong #1,2 Yonggwang #1 6∼ Site In Operation Under Const. Total Kori 4 (3,137) 2 (2,000) 6 (5,137) Wolsong 4 (2,779) 2 (2,000) 6 (4,779) Yonggwang 6 (5,900) - 6 (5,900) Ulchin 6 (5,900) - 6 (5,900) Total 20 (17,716) 4 (4,000) 24 (21,716) (Unit: MW) (As of the end of 2006)  In Operation ► Under Construction 39.0% (148,749) 17.9% (68,109) 4.4% (16,766) Total : 380,963GWh 1.4% (5,231) Nuclear Coal Gas Oil Hydro Status of Nuclear Power PlantsStatus of Nuclear Power Plants 36.5% (139,170) I. Korea Energy Review
    5. 5. Korea Nuclear International Cooperation Foundation 5 < 2005 Electric Capacity > Hydro Nuclear Fossil Contribution of Nuclear EnergyContribution of Nuclear Energy I. Korea Energy Review
    6. 6. Korea Nuclear International Cooperation Foundation 6 Atomic Energy Commission KAERI KINAC KINS KONICOF KHNP KNFC KOPEC DOOSAN Prime Minister MOFAT (Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade) MKE (Ministry of Knowledge Economy) Nuclear Safety Commission MEST (Ministry of Education Science & Technology) Disarmament and Nonproliferation Division President Fabrics of Korea Nuclear EntitiesFabrics of Korea Nuclear Entities I. Korea Energy Review KHNP : Korea Hydro & Nuclear Power KOPEC : Korea Power Engineering Company KNFC : Korea Nuclear Fuel DOOSAN : Doosan Heavy Industries and construction KAERI : Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute KINS : Korea Institute of Nuclear Safety KINAC : Korea Institute of Nuclear Nonproliferation and Control KONICOF : Korea Nuclear International Cooperation Foundation
    7. 7. Korea Nuclear International Cooperation Foundation II.II.Nuclear Technology Development in KoreaNuclear Technology Development in Korea Construction of Sodium cooled Liquid Metal Reactor & VHTR For Hydrogen Production Reactor APR1400 Reactor Construction 2010 APR1400 Reactors Technology Development 2001 Present PWR Fuel Indigenization 1990 1987 PHWR Fuel Indigenization PHWR Fuel Indigenization Started 1981 KSNPP Construction 1995 2010 SMART Pilot Plant Construction PWR System Design Technology Self-Reliance FOREIGN SUPPLIER-RELIANCE SELF-RELIANCE INDUSTRIALIZATION 1980s 1990s 2000s 2010s1970s Research Rector “HANARO”(95)First NPP (turnkey) 1971
    8. 8. Korea Nuclear International Cooperation Foundation • OPR1000 (KSNP) • EPR • AP1000 • APR1400 • SMART Next Generation Reactor DevelopmentNext Generation Reactor Development II.Nuclear Technology Development in KoreaII.Nuclear Technology Development in Korea
    9. 9. Korea Nuclear International Cooperation Foundation Medium size integrated reactor Electricity production & sea water desalination Complete basic design of nuclear steam supply system (’02) SMART S/G IHTS Piping Secondary EM Pump Reactor Core Primary Pump Reactor Vessel IHX DHX Reactor Head Containment Vessel S/G IHTS Piping Secondary EM Pump Reactor Core Primary Pump Reactor Vessel IHX DHX Reactor Head Containment Vessel SFR Complete conceptual design of KALIMER-600 (’06) Develop Gen- IV pre- conceptual design Establish indigenous core, fuel & system concept by 2009 Verify computer code by 2011 Increase burn- up up to 70,000 MWd/tU Endurance under power up over 20% Decrease fuel pellet centerline temp. by more than 30% Advanced Fuel Start to develop APR1400 (’92)  Start to construction of Shin-Kori unit 3&4 (’07) Develop APR+ key tech. by 2009 Develop APR+ detail design from 2010 APR-1400/APR+ SCWR Perform feasibility evaluation by 2009 Develop TRISO fuel & design tech. for VHTR Nuclear Hydrogen Advanced Reactor & FuelAdvanced Reactor & FuelAdvanced Reactor & FuelAdvanced Reactor & Fuel II.Nuclear Technology Development in KoreaII.Nuclear Technology Development in Korea
    10. 10. Korea Nuclear International Cooperation Foundation 10  Develop a 330 MWt reactor for electricity and desalination  Provide oversea markets expected to be 500-1,000 units by 2050 SMART Concepts SMART Properties SMARTSMARTSMARTSMART II. Nuclear Technology Development in KoreaII. Nuclear Technology Development in Korea
    11. 11. Korea Nuclear International Cooperation Foundation 11  The first time Turn-key export project to the Netherland Competing with AREVA(France) and INVAP(Argentine) for the final selection of a tender in 2009 Korean tender consortium : KAERI, KOPEC, Doosan Heavy Industrial Co., Daewoo Construction Co. 연구로 설계 ( 안 ) Research Reactor-PALLAS ProjectResearch Reactor-PALLAS ProjectResearch Reactor-PALLAS ProjectResearch Reactor-PALLAS Project II. Nuclear Technology Development in KoreaII. Nuclear Technology Development in Korea
    12. 12. Korea Nuclear International Cooperation Foundation 12 Help promotion of international nuclear energy cooperation activities of Korean government, research institutions, and private sector undertakings. Implement and coordinate international cooperation projects and activities such as collaborative R&D, meetings, experts exchange, information sharing, etc. ObjectivesObjectives III. KONICOF (Established in 2004)
    13. 13. Korea Nuclear International Cooperation Foundation 13 Activities (1)Activities (1) Bilateral Cooperation  U.S.A, Canada, France, Germany, UK, Spain, Japan, Russia, China, Vietnam, Indonesia, Australia, Belgium, Turkey, Egypt, Czech, Romania, Kazakhstan, Ukraine, Brazil, Argentine, Chile (22 countries) Joint Committees  USA, France, Canada, Japan, Russia, UK, China, Australia, Vietnam, Chile (10 countries) III. KONICOF
    14. 14. Korea Nuclear International Cooperation Foundation 14 Multilateral Cooperation  International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)  Regional Cooperative Agreement for Research, Development and Training related to Nuclear Science and Technology for Asia and the Pacific (RCA)  Nuclear Energy Agency (OECD/NEA) - Global Nuclear Energy Partnership (GNEP)  International Nuclear Regulators Association (INRA)  Forum for Nuclear Cooperation in Asia (FNCA)  World Nuclear University (WNU) Activities (2)Activities (2) III. KONICOF
    15. 15. Korea Nuclear International Cooperation Foundation 15 Cooperation with developing countriesCooperation with developing countries Technology transfer and infrastructure development for the use of nuclear technology  Provide opportunities to learn nuclear technology practices in Korea to scientists and policymakers  Implement technical cooperation programs with IAEA Assistance to develop future generation human resources  Provide long-term and short-term training courses at academic institutes in Korea  Provide tours to nuclear facilities in Korea for oversea students III. KONICOF
    16. 16. Korea Nuclear International Cooperation Foundation 16 Information exchange and publicityInformation exchange and publicity Exchange Information with the international agencies such as IAEA, OECD/NEA Provide information and news on nuclear related issues and events in Korean and English through the web-site III. KONICOF
    17. 17. Korea Nuclear International Cooperation Foundation 17  Assurance of non-diversion of nuclear materials, items and technologies for the military purposes  Confidence building for peaceful nuclear activities  Active participation on international cooperation  Transparency and credibility enhancement through maintaining a strong national nuclear control system Peaceful uses of nuclear energy and related technology IV. Korea Institute of Nuclear Nonproliferation and control, KINAC (Established in 2004) Goal of National Nonproliferation PolicyGoal of National Nonproliferation Policy
    18. 18. Korea Nuclear International Cooperation Foundation 18 Korea Nonproliferation Policy BasesKorea Nonproliferation Policy Bases  Joint Declaration of Denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula(1992) - To remove the danger of nuclear war on the Korean peninsula, the ROK and the DPRK declared:  Prohibition of testing, construction, production, acquisition, possession, deployment and use of nuclear weapons  Use of nuclear energy only for peaceful purposes  No possession of reprocessing or enrichment facilities  Four Principles on the Peaceful Use of Nuclear Energy (2004)  Korea reaffirms that it does not have any intension of developing or possessing nuclear weapons  Korea will firmly maintain its principle of nuclear transparency, and will strengthen its cooperation with the international community to this end.  Korea will faithfully abide by international agreements on nuclear non-proliferation  With the confidence of the international community, Korea will expand the peaceful use of nuclear energy IV. KINAC
    19. 19. Korea Nuclear International Cooperation Foundation 19 ActivitiesActivities  Verify and assess major nuclear activities and administer import/export control system for trigger lists  Develop safeguards technology and physical protection technologies  Support the government in developing appropriate policies on nonproliferation and nuclear control IV. KINAC
    20. 20. Korea Nuclear International Cooperation Foundation 20 V. International Nuclear Safety School, INSS (Established in 2007) Inspector Certification Program  Nuclear facilities safety management, radiation safety management, QA, and radiological emergency preparedness Inspector competency program (1 week) New inspector qualification program (4 weeks) Regulatory Competency ProgramRegulatory Competency Program
    21. 21. Korea Nuclear International Cooperation Foundation 21 V. INSS Training for Iraq in 2006 - Decommissioning & decontamination (2 weeks) Training for Indonesia in 2007 - Safety regulation in general and OPR-1000 system (4 weeks) International Training Courses - IAEA training courses and workshops - Basic courses on nuclear safety regulation (1~2 weeks) International Training ExercisedInternational Training Exercised
    22. 22. Korea Nuclear International Cooperation Foundation 22 VI. RCA Regional Office (Established in 2002) Promote peaceful use of nuclear technologies to assist regional and national needs Implement the directives of the RCA Member States as agreed upon at the Meetings of National RCA Representatives ResponsibilitiesResponsibilities ActivitiesActivities Oversee RCA projects implementation Provide inputs from member countries to the IAEA RCA office and vice versa
    23. 23. Korea Nuclear International Cooperation Foundation 23 - Radiation Technology - Nuclear Medicine - Safety Infrastructure Non Power - Gen IV - INPRO - ITER Power VII. International R&D Programs Involvement
    24. 24. Korea Nuclear International Cooperation Foundation 24 VII. International R&D Programs Involvement : GEN IV System Integration & Assessment  Evaluation and assessment of outcomes of completed projects Safety & Operation  Experiments and analytical model development for safety assessment  Operation and technology testing campaigns in reactors Advanced Fuel  Development of high-burn-up fuel systems  Techniques for recycle fuels that contain minor actinides and possibly trace fission products Component Design & BOP  Development of the balance of plant  Experimental and analytical evaluation of advanced in-service inspection and repair technologies SFR (Sodium-cooled Fast Reactor System)SFR (Sodium-cooled Fast Reactor System)
    25. 25. Korea Nuclear International Cooperation Foundation 25 VII. International R&D Programs Involvement : GEN IV VHTR (Very High Temperature Reactor System)VHTR (Very High Temperature Reactor System) Design, Safety & Integration Materials Components Fuel and Fuel Cycle Hydrogen Production Computational Methods Validation & Benchmarks
    26. 26. Korea Nuclear International Cooperation Foundation 26 VII. International R&D Programs Involvement : GEN IVVII. International R&D Programs Involvement : GEN IV SCWR (Supercritical Water-Cooled Reactor System)SCWR (Supercritical Water-Cooled Reactor System) Thermal-Hydraulics and Safety  Heat transfer and safety database  Thermal-hydraulics and safety analysis at prototypical SCWR conditions Materials and Chemistry  Selection of key materials for use both in-core and out-core  definition of a reference water chemistry, based on materials compatibility and radiolysis behavior at supercritical conditions.
    27. 27. Korea Nuclear International Cooperation Foundation27 Purpose: To demonstrate scientific and technological feasibility of fusion energy for peaceful purposes, an essential feature of which be achieving sustained fusion power generation (JIA Article 2). Designed to produce 500 MW of fusion power for an extended period of time.  Q is ~10: Fusion power is 10 times more than needed to run it.  Demonstrate or develop all the new technologies required for fusion power plants, except materials endurance.  10 years construction, 20 years operation.  ITER: International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (the way in Latin) - ITER isITER is a Unique Scientific,a Unique Scientific, Technological and Industrial ProjectTechnological and Industrial Project ITER is the bridge toward a first plant that will demonstrate the large-scale production of electrical power ; DEMO Purpose of the ITER ProjectPurpose of the ITER ProjectPurpose of the ITER ProjectPurpose of the ITER Project VII.VII. International R&D Programs InvolvementInternational R&D Programs Involvement : Korean Fusion and ITER: Korean Fusion and ITER ProjectsProjects
    28. 28. Korea Nuclear International Cooperation Foundation Theory of Fission and FusionTheory of Fission and FusionTheory of Fission and FusionTheory of Fission and Fusion Fission Fusion Figure1 : A neutron hits uranium-235 atom, then uranium-235 fissions into two atoms releasing a large amount of energy Figure2 : Two nuclel, here deuterium and tritium, fuse together to form hellum, a neutron, and a large amount of energy
    29. 29. Korea Nuclear International Cooperation Foundation29 Overall sharing: EU 5/11, other six parties 1/11 each. Overall contingency of 10% of total. Total amount: 3,578 kIUA (ITER Units of Account) European Union CN IN RF KO JP US Total procurement value : 3,021 Staff : 477 R&D : 80 Total kIUA : 3,578 (about 5,079 million Euro in 2007) Contribution of local communities in PACA Region : € 467 M ITER Construction Sharing (2007-2016)ITER Construction Sharing (2007-2016)ITER Construction Sharing (2007-2016)ITER Construction Sharing (2007-2016)
    30. 30. Korea Nuclear International Cooperation Foundation30 Phase 3Phase 2Phase 1 2007 2012 2022 2036 KSTAR Operation Obtain Steady State Plasma Heating, Diagnostics and Control Technologies Implement the role of Test Bed for ITER Device and Technologies ITER Construction (2016) & Operation Obtain Tokamak Fusion Reactor Device Technologies during ITER Construction Build up Knowledge and Experience for Key Reactor Technologies, Plasma Operation and Control by Participating in ITER Operation DEMO EDA & Construction (2030’s) & OperationDEMO EDA & Construction (2030’s) & Operation Play a Leading Role for DEMO Design around 2020 & Construction Demonstrate Electricity Production using DEMO around 2035 KO Fusion Reactor (2040’s) Complete Engineering Design for KO Fusion Reactor around 2035 Produce Electricity from Commercial Fusion Reactor in 2040’s Reactor Engineering & Technology Development (Fusion Material) Reactor Engineering & Technology Development (Fusion Material) 2040’s Korean Fusion Energy Development Road-MapKorean Fusion Energy Development Road-MapKorean Fusion Energy Development Road-MapKorean Fusion Energy Development Road-Map
    31. 31. Korea Nuclear International Cooperation Foundation31 EU US Japan China Russia Korea India Construction Phase 45.46% 9.09% 9.09% 9.09% 9.09% 9.09% 9.09% Operation, Deactivation & Decommissioning Phases 34% 13% 13% 10% 10% 10% 10% ~ 2007 ~ 2016 Deactivation 281 MEuro Operation 188 kIUA/y Construction 3,577.7 kIUA ~ 2036 ~ 2040 JIA Negotiation & ITA R&D Decommissioning 530 MEuro • Total Cost of Korean Participation for ITER Project : ~1.2 billion Euro • Total Cost for ITER Project until 2040 : 11.23 billion Euro ITER Contribution and Total Cost by PhasesITER Contribution and Total Cost by PhasesITER Contribution and Total Cost by PhasesITER Contribution and Total Cost by Phases
    32. 32. Korea Nuclear International Cooperation Foundation 32 VIII. KONICOF Working Towards the Future Support international activities of the government and private sector undertakings to secure future sustainable energy Strengthen collaboration with international organizations and individual countries for the peaceful use of nuclear technologies Contribute international efforts against misuse of nuclear materials and on nonproliferation

    ×