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Introduction to KONICOF & Nuclear Energy in Korea Dec. 3. 08
KONICOF Korea Energy Review KINAC INSS Nuclear Technology Development in Korea Table of Contents RCA Regional Office International R&D Programs Involvement KONICOF Working Towards the Future I II V III IV VII VI VIII
High dependence on the Middle East Asian oil (~70%)
Large CO 2 Emission
10 th largest emitter of CO 2 in the world
(BP Statistical review 2007) Transition to New Energy Paradigm is required (2007 key world energy statistics, Published 2005) I. Korea Energy Review Rank Energy Consumption (MTOE/y) Oil Consumption (Million Tonnes) 1 USA 2,340 USA 938.8 2 China 1717 China 349.8 3 Russia 647 Japan 235.0 4 India 537 Russia 128.5 5 Japan 530 German 123.5 6 Germany 345 India 120.3 7 France 276 Korea 105.3 8 Canada 272 … 9 UK 234 … 10 Korea 214 …
Site In Operation Under Const. Total Kori 4 (3,137) 2 (2,000) 6 (5,137) Wolsong 4 (2,779) 2 (2,000) 6 (4,779) Yonggwang 6 (5,900) - 6 (5,900) Ulchin 6 (5,900) - 6 (5,900) Total 20 (17,716) 4 (4,000) 24 (21,716) (Unit: MW) (As of the end of 2006)
39.0% (148,749) 17.9% (68,109) 4.4% (16,766) Total : 380,963GWh Electricity Generation 1.4% (5,231) Nuclear Coal Gas Oil Hydro Status of Nuclear Power Plants 36.5% (139,170) I. Korea Energy Review
< 2005 Electric Capacity > Hydro Nuclear Fossil Contribution of Nuclear Energy I. Korea Energy Review
Atomic Energy Commission KAERI KINAC KINS KONICOF KHNP KNFC KOPEC DOOSAN Prime Minister MOFAT (Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade) MKE (Ministry of Knowledge Economy) Nuclear Safety Commission MEST (Ministry of Education Science & Technology) Disarmament and Nonproliferation Division President Fabrics of Korea Nuclear Entities I. Korea Energy Review KHNP : Korea Hydro & Nuclear Power KOPEC : Korea Power Engineering Company KNFC : Korea Nuclear Fuel DOOSAN : Doosan Heavy Industries and construction KAERI : Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute KINS : Korea Institute of Nuclear Safety KINAC : Korea Institute of Nuclear Nonproliferation and Control KONICOF : Korea Nuclear International Cooperation Foundation
II. Nuclear Technology Development in Korea Construction of Sodium cooled Liquid Metal Reactor & VHTR For Hydrogen Production Reactor APR1400 Reactor Construction 2010 APR1400 Reactors Technology Development 2001 Present PWR Fuel Indigenization 1990 1987 PHWR Fuel Indigenization PHWR Fuel Indigenization Started 1981 KSNPP Construction 1995 2010 SMART Pilot Plant Construction PWR System Design Technology Self-Reliance FOREIGN SUPPLIER-RELIANCE SELF-RELIANCE INDUSTRIALIZATION 1980s 1990s 2000s 2010s 1970s First NPP (turnkey) 1971 Research Rector “ HANARO ” (95)
Purpose: To demonstrate scientific and technological feasibility of fusion energy for peaceful purposes, an essential feature of which be achieving sustained fusion power generation (JIA Article 2).
Designed to produce 500 MW of fusion power for an extended period of time.
Q is ~10 : Fusion power is 10 times more than needed to run it.
Demonstrate or develop all the new technologies required for fusion power plants, except materials endurance.
10 years construction, 20 years operation.
ITER: International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (the way in Latin)
ITER is a Unique Scientific, Technological and Industrial Project
ITER is the bridge toward a first plant that will demonstrate
the large-scale production of electrical power ; DEMO
Purpose of the ITER Project VII. International R&D Programs Involvement : Korean Fusion and ITER Projects
Fission Fusion Figure1 : A neutron hits uranium-235 atom, then uranium-235 fissions into two atoms releasing a large amount of energy Figure2 : Two nuclel, here deuterium and tritium, fuse together to form hellum, a neutron, and a large amount of energy Theory of Fission and Fusion
EU 5/11, other six parties 1/11 each. Overall contingency of 10% of total. Total amount: 3,578 kIUA (ITER Units of Account)
Total procurement value : 3,021 Staff : 477 R&D : 80 Total kIUA : 3,578 (about 5,079 million Euro in 2007) Contribution of local communities in PACA Region : € 467 M European Union CN IN RF KO JP US ITER Construction Sharing (2007-2016)
Total Cost of Korean Participation for ITER Project : ~1.2 billion Euro
Total Cost for ITER Project until 2040 : 11.23 billion Euro
EU US Japan China Russia Korea India Construction Phase 45.46% 9.09% 9.09% 9.09% 9.09% 9.09% 9.09% Operation, Deactivation & Decommissioning Phases 34% 13% 13% 10% 10% 10% 10% ~ 2007 ~ 2016 Deactivation 281 MEuro Operation 188 kIUA/y Construction 3,577.7 kIUA ~ 2036 ~ 2040 JIA Negotiation & ITA R&D Decommissioning 530 MEuro ITER Contribution and Total Cost by Phases