Data from the Patients' Coalition for Urgent Research, Washington, DC (according to Perry, Ref. 267).
The 1st ethical hot spot of stem cell research
Human embryonic stem cells isolated from blastocyst stage human embryos
“ In the case of embryonic stem cell research, the end that scientists hope to achieve is the relief of human suffering. That this is a humanitarian and worthy end is not in dispute. The controversy is about the means, namely, the consumption of donated embryos.” -- ISSCR website on stem cell ethics
Cloning by somatic nuclear transfer
International Guideline for Stem Cell Research (by ISSCR Stem Cell Ethics Committee):
Reproductive cloning is prohibited!!!
The 2nd ethical hot spot of stem cell research
The 3rd ethical hot spot of stem cell research
Induced pluripotent stem cells derived from human skin cells.
Protection of human subjects
Protection of genetic identity.
Other Related Ethical Issues
Ethical issues in human clinical trials
Informed consent of patients
Protection of human subjects.
Protection of human genetic and cellular materials
Creating human/animal hybrid stem cells
Ethical issues in animal research.
Honest and integrity in biomedical research
How can scientists ensure ethical conduct in stem cell research
Education for researchers
Routine emphasis by principle investigators
Emphasis by funding agencies
Classes and seminars
Education for the public
Understand the importance of research
Understand that scientists are under ethical guidance
Communication and open dialogue
Understand each others’ opinion
Reach a rationale common ground.
Last step: Legal reinforcement
National Institute of Health resource for stem cells (http://stemcells.nih.gov)
International Society for Stem Cell Research: “ Guidelines for the Conduct of Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research (www.isscr.org)”
National Academy of Science: “Guidelines for human embryonic stem cell research” (http://www.nap.edu/openbook.php?isbn=0309096537)
On March 9, 2009, President Obama issued Executive Order 13505, entitled "Removing Barriers to Responsible Research Involving Human Stem Cells."