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  • 1. DDC 22 and Beyond: Dewey in a Global and Local Context Joan S. Mitchell Editor in Chief, Dewey Decimal Classification OCLC Australian Committee on Cataloguing Seminar Sydney 25 July 2003
  • 2. Outline
    • Highlights of DDC 22
    • DDC 22 and WebDewey
    • Dewey in global/local context
    • Role of Australian librarians
  • 3. DDC 22
    • Major updates to schedules and tables
    • Many new numbers and topics
    • Structural changes
    • No complete revisions!
  • 4. Updates in DDC 22
    • 004–006 Data processing Computer science
    • 200 Religion
    • 301–307 Sociology & anthropology
    • 340 Law
    • 400 Language
    • 510 Mathematics
    • 540 Chemistry
    • 551.46 Hydrosphere & submarine geology Oceanography
    • 610 Medicine & health
    • 800 Literature
    • 900 History & geography
    • Updates to Tables 1–6
  • 5. 004–006 Data processing Computer science
    • Computer science now visible at top level:
    • 000 Computer science, information & general works
    • New topics, e.g., web, virtual reality, markup languages
    • 005.5 General purpose application programs
  • 6. 005.5 General purpose application programs [ formerly 005.5]
    • 005.52 Word processing [ formerly 652.5]
    • 005.54 Electronic spreadsheets
    • 005.55 Statistical programs
    • 005.57 Personal information management programs
    • 005.58 Presentation software
  • 7. 200 Religion: Two-edition Plan
    • DDC 21:
    • Christianity relocated from 200 to 230
    • Standard subdivisions of Christianity relocated from 201–209 to 230–270
    • Standard subdivisions of Comparative religion integrated with Religion in general in 200.1–.9
    • Revised and expanded 296 Judaism and 297 Islam
  • 8. 200 Religion: Two-edition Plan
    • DDC 22:
    • Specific aspects of religion relocated from 291 to 201–209
    • Expanded sources of Bahai Faith at 297.938
    • 299.6, 299.7, and 299.8 revised and expanded
  • 9. 201–209 Specific aspects of religion
    • Same top-level structure as 291.1 – .9
    • 291.5 Moral theology recast as 205 Religious ethics
    • Updated with selected restructuring
  • 10. 201-209 Specific aspects of religion
    • 201.7 Attitudes of religions toward social issues [ formerly 291.17]
    • 201.72 Political affairs [ formerly 291.177]
    • 201.721 Theocracy
    • 201.723 Civil rights
    • 201.727 International affairs [ formerly 291.1787]
    • 201.7273 War and peace
    • 201.7275 Nuclear weapons and nuclear war
  • 11. 301–307 Sociology & anthropology
    • 305 – 306 Social groups and institutions
    • Updated terminology and relationships
    • Discrimination and racism
  • 12. 305–306 Social groups & institutions
    • Different development and preference order than groups in Table 1 —08
    • Unworkable split between groups in 305 (e.g., lesbians) and institutions in 306 (e.g., lesbianism)
    • Outdated social viewpoints and relationships
    • Impact of replacement of Table 7
  • 13. 305 Social groups
    • Retain basic structure
    • Provide for fuller expression of social groups, e.g., Australian Aboriginal children 305.230899915 (305.23 in DDC 21)
  • 14. 305 Social groups vs. 306 Institutions
    • Relocated persons by sexual orientation and marital status, e.g.,
    • DDC 21 DDC 22
    • Lesbians 305.489664 306.7663
    • Unmarried mothers 305.4896947 306.87432
    • Divorced persons 305.90653 306.89
  • 15. Updated Terminology and Relationships
    • DDC 21: Children of unwed parents
    • DDC 22: Children of unmarried parents
    • DDC 21: Cohabitation in 306.735, part of institutions relating to the sexes
    • DDC 22: Cohabitation in 306.841, a new number under types of marriage
  • 16. Discrimination and Racism
    • Use notation 08 from Table 1 plus interdisciplinary number:
    • Discrimination against women in education 370.82
    • Racism in sports 796.089
    • Discrimination against retired people 306.3808
    • Interdisciplinary works on discrimination and racism in general still in 305 and 305.8
  • 17. 340 Law
    • 341 renamed “Law of nations”
    • Topics in 341.4 and 341.7 with domestic law provisions in 342 – 347 relocated
    • Human rights development
    • Provision for “intergovernmental organizations”
  • 18. Regional Intergovernmental Organizations
    • 349.24 Laws of the European Union
    • 346.24 Private law in the European Union
    • 346.240482 Copyright law of the European Union
  • 19. 400 Language
    • Grammar expansion in 415
    • New development for sign languages in 419 with geographic subdivision, e.g., Auslan 419.94
    • Scandinavian languages revised
    • Expansion for geographic variations of Chinese in 495.171–.179
  • 20. Table 4. Subdivisions of Individual Languages & Language Families
    • — 31 Specialized dictionaries expanded
    • — 5 Grammar expanded (parallels 415)
    • — 813 Spelling and pronunciation
    • — 89 Use of a spoken language or a manually coded form of a spoken language for communication with and by deaf persons
  • 21. 510 Mathematics
    • Targeted revisions and expansions
    • New development at 518:
    • 518 Numerical analysis [ formerly 515]
    • 518.1 Algorithms [ formerly 511.8]
    • 518.2 Specific numerical methods
    • 518.4 Numerical methods in algebra, arithmetic, number theory
    • 518.5 Numerical approximation
    • 518.6 Numerical methods in analysis
  • 22. 540 Chemistry
    • 543 Analytical chemistry
    • [544] Qualitative chemistry
    • [545] Quantitative chemistry
    • [547.3] Analytical organic chemistry
  • 23. 551.46 Hydrosphere and submarine geology Oceanography
    • Standard subdivisions regularized in
    • 551.4601 – .4609
    • New development for specific oceans and seas in 551.461
    • Revised and expanded topical development in 551.462 – .468
  • 24. 610 Medicine & health
    • Revision of 610.73 Nursing and services of allied health personnel
    • New development for experimental medicine at 616.027 (and 619 vacated)
    • Revised and expanded development for virus diseases at 616.91 (relocated from 616.925)
    • New development for gram-positive bacterial infections at 616.929
    • New numbers for emerging diseases and medical problems throughout the schedule, e.g., 616.775 Sjogren’s syndrome, 616.84913 Cluster headache
  • 25. 610 Medicine & health
    • Improved index structure
    • Diseases (Biology)  Diseases
    • Diseases (Human)  Diseases—human
    • Use of MeSH
    • Guidance on form of entry
    • Selected mappings in electronic index
  • 26. 800 Literature + Table 3
    • Use of standard literary period tables for affiliated literatures extended in 810 – 890, e.g., novel in English by a 21st century New Zealand author 823.92
    • Revised Scandinavian literatures
    • New notation for picaresque fiction in Table 3B (—30877)
    • Revision of notation 3 in Table 3C
  • 27. Table 3C. Notation to Be Added Where Instructed in Table 3B, 700.4, 791.4, 808-809
    • —32 Places
    • —35 Humanity
    • —36 Physical and natural phenomena
    • —377 Magic and witchcraft
  • 28. 900 History & geography
    • Updated historical periods and designation of centuries
    • Facilities for travelers moved from 647.94 to 910.46
    • Holocaust expansion
  • 29. 994 Updates: Historical Periods
    • 994.065 1993–1996
      • 1996–1999 relocated to 994.066
    • 994.066 1996–1999 [ formerl y 994.065]
    • 994.07 2000–
  • 30. 994 Updates: Centuries
    • 994.02 Period of settlement and growth, 1788–1851
    • Class here 19th century
      • For 1851–1899, see 994.03
  • 31. Facilities for Travelers
    • Interdisciplinary and descriptive works in 910.46
    • Facilities in specific areas in 913–919
    • New add table development at 06 under 913–919
  • 32. Youth Hostels in Queensland, 2003 edition
    • 919.430667
    • 91 Geography and travel
    • 943 Queensland (Table 2)
    • 066 Hostels (913 – 919 add table)
    • 7 2000 – (from 994.0 7 )
  • 33. 940.5318 Holocaust
    • 940.5318 Holocaust
    • 940.53181 General topics of Holocaust
    • 940.531811 Causes
    • 940.531813+ Economic history
    • 940.531814+ Consequences
    • 940.531818 Holocaust denial
    • 940.53183+ Resistance movements and rescue operations
    • 940.53184+ Specific events
    • 940.53185+ Ghettos and extermination camps
    • 940.53186+ Commemorations and memorials
    • 940.53187 Welfare services to Holocaust victims
  • 34. Table 2. Geographic Areas
    • New developments for Great Britain, South Africa, France, Colombia, and others issued as interim updates
    • Central Europe, Iran, and Quebec revised and expanded
  • 35. Table 1. Standard Subdivisions
    • — 029 Commercial miscellany
    • Subdivisions discontinued and reused for geographic treatment
    • Explanation of use of standard subdivisions under —08 and —0901 – 0905:
      • If a standard subdivision is not given in the table above, do not add its notation to the kind of person in —081–089
  • 36. Table 5. Ethnic and National Groups
    • Renamed (previously “Racial, Ethnic, National Groups”)
    • Revised to reflect de-emphasis on race
    • American native peoples in —97 and
    • —98 revised and expanded
  • 37. Table 6. Languages
    • Scandinavian languages revised
    • American native languages in —97 and
    • —98 revised and expanded
  • 38. Selected New Numbers and Topics
    • 302.231 Digital media
    • 381.177 Online auctions
    • 523.24 Extrasolar systems
    • 617.057 Endoscopic surgery
    • 621.38807 Digital television
    • 641.56383 Low-carbohydrate cooking
    • 651.792 Intranets
    • 658.3123 Telecommuting
    • 775 Digital photography
    • 776 Computer art (Digital art)
  • 39. Structural Changes
    • Replacement of Table 7
    • Streamlining of Manual
    • Captions
  • 40. Table 7. Groups of Persons
    • Redundant and not always parallel to developments in Table 1 — 08 and schedules
    • Replaced by direct use of notation already available in the schedules and in notation 08 from Table 1
  • 41. Table 7. Groups of Persons
    • 174.9 Other professions and occupations
    • Add to base number 174.9 notation
    • 001 – 999, e.g., bioethics 174.957; however, for ethics of public administration and public office, see 172.2
    • Notation 001–999 replaces notation
    • 09–99 from Table 7 with the result that many numbers have been reused with new meanings
  • 42. Table 7. Groups of Persons
    • 305.908 Persons with disabilities and illnesses, gifted persons
    • Add to base number 305.908 the numbers following —087 in notation 0871–0879 from Table 1, e.g., blind persons 305.9081 . . .
    • T he numbers following —087 in notation 0871–0879 from Table 1 replace the numbers following — 08 in
    • notation 081–082 from Table 7 with the result that many numbers have been reused with new meanings
  • 43. Manual
    • Introduced as separate in 1982 after publication of DDC 19
    • Integrated and expanded in DDC 20 & 21
    • Streamlined in DDC 22 to promote efficient use in print and electronic versions
    • Moved to volume 1 in print edition
  • 44. Manual: Key Changes
    • Notes transferred to tables and schedules
    • Basic instructions moved to Introduction
    • Converted LC practices to standard policy
    • Moved background information to Dewey Decimal Classification: Principles and Application
    • Added notes for new topics, e.g., Computer art
    • Remaining Manual notes rewritten in consistent style
  • 45. Manual: Sample Note
    • T1—074 vs. T1 — 029
    • Museums, collections, exhibits vs. Commercial miscellany
        • Use —074 for catalogs whose primary purpose is to promote knowledge or art, such as catalogs of collections; use —029 for catalogs whose primary purpose is to promote sale or distribution of products. Use —074 for catalogs of replicas, duplicates, and minor items when offered for sale in museum- or exhibit-like settings by noncommercial institutions. Also use —074 for auction catalogs (e.g., in art), and for catalogs of temporary exhibits of groups of artists, even if a succession of such exhibits provides most of the artists with their primary source of income. If in doubt, prefer
        • — 074.
  • 46. Captions
    • Revised top two levels for presentation in print and electronic versions plus browsers
    • Targeted improvements in section summaries and actual headings
    • More work to do!!!
  • 47. Captions from DDC Summaries
    • 000 Computer science, information & general works*
    • 080 Quotations
    • 598 Birds
    • 610 Medicine & health*
    • 640 Home & family management*
    • *Also changed in schedules
  • 48. More about DDC 22
    • www.oclc.org/dewey/DDC_Edition_22/Relocations_and_discontinuations.pdf
    • www.oclc.org/dewey/DDC_Edition_22/NEW_FEATURES.pdf
  • 49. DDC 22 and WebDewey
    • Editorial cycle
    • Print edition as a snapshot in time
    • DDC 22 is updated continuously:
      • Biweekly and monthly on Dewey web site
      • ( www.oclc.org/dewey )
      • Quarterly releases of WebDewey
  • 50. WebDewey
    • Online version of DDC 22
    • Updated quarterly
    • Additional built numbers & Relative Index terms
    • Vocabulary mappings
    • Online annotation
    • Content and tools not available in print version
  • 51. WebDewey LC Subject Headings Weekly Lists WorldCat MeSH
  • 52.  
  • 53.  
  • 54. Links to schedule records
  • 55.  
  • 56. Link to Manual note
  • 57. Sample WebDewey Entries
    • Australian Aboriginal people—land tenure 346.9404320899915
    • Dinosaurs—Australia 567.90994
    • Savannas—ecology—Australia 577.480994
    • Plants—Australia 581.994
    • Sharks—Australia 597.317757
    • Short stories—English literature—Australian
    • authors 823.0108994
  • 58. Dewey in a Global/Local Context
    • International advisory committee (EPC)
    • 200,000 libraries in 135 countries
    • 62 national bibliographies
  • 59. Translations
    • Current full translations available in French, Italian, Russian, and Spanish
    • Current abridged translations available in Arabic, French, Greek, Icelandic, and Norwegian
    • Arabic (full), Chinese, Hebrew, Korean, and Vietnamese translations underway
    • German full translation underway in web and print versions
  • 60. Meaningful Notation
    • 005.1 Programming
    • 005.1 Programmation
    • 005.1 Προγραμματισμός
    • 005.1 Programmazione
    • 005.1 П рограммирование
    • 005.1 Programación
  • 61. Area Expansion in German DDC 22
    • — 43551 Regierungsbezirk Köln
    • — 435511 Aachen
    • — 435512 Kreise Aachen, Heinsberg, Düren, Euskirchen
    • — 4355122 Kreis Aachen
    • — 4355124 Kreis Heinsberg
    • — 4355126 Kreis Düren
    • — 4355128 Kreis Euskirchen
    • — 435513 Erftkreis
    • — 435514 Köln
    • — 435515 Leverkusen
    • — 435516 Rheinisch-Bergischer-Kreis, Oberbergischer Kreis
    • — 4355163 Rheinisch-Bergischer-Kreis
    • — 4355167 Oberbergischer Kreis
    • — 435518 Bonn
    • — 435519 Rhein-Sieg-Kreis
  • 62. Te Pātakataka: DDC and Subject Headings for New Zealand Primary Schools
    • Rocky shore
    • Dewey: 577.69
    • Royal New Zealand Air Force
    • Dewey: 358
    • Waka
    • Dewey: 623.8
    • Option: Class at 305.89
    • Used for: Canoes (Maori)
    • Maori canoes
  • 63.  
  • 64.  
  • 65.  
  • 66. DDC caption service
  • 67. e-Prints UK e-Prints UK DDC Subject classification service Name authority service Citation analysis service Institutional e-print archives Personal e-print archives OAI-PMH SOAP Non-institutional e-print archives SOAP Javascript/HTTP Z39.50 OCLC RDN gateway/portal service RDN gateway/portal service RDN gateway/portal service
  • 68. How Can Australian Librarians Shape the Future of the DDC?
    • Share standard numbers in cataloging
      • Copy cataloging
      • Model for works on the same topic
      • Source of built numbers for harvesting into DDC
  • 69. How Can Australian Librarians Shape the Future of the DDC?
    • Share standard numbers in cataloging
    • Suggest updates & new developments
    • Propose vocabulary mappings
    • Participate in review and testing
    • Study end user representations