Ch. 5 PowerPoint

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  • Coccidio-ido-mycosis (cockcidio-ido-mycosis)
  • Pleuropexy surgical repair of the pleuro (ribs/side)
    Thoracocentesis or thoracentesis surgical puncture of the chest wall into the parietal cavity for aspiration of fluids. thoracic pertaining to the chest.
  • Sporometer used for measuring lung tidal volume or lung compasity
  • Ch. 5 PowerPoint

    1. 1. Copyright © 2005 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved. 1 Chapter 5 Respiratory System
    2. 2. Copyright © 2005 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved. 2 Respiratory System Function Exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide between the atmosphere and body cells. The process is called respiration.  External respiration (breathing): Oxygen passes from lungs to blood (capillaries) and carbon dioxide passes from capillaries back into lungs to be expelled.  Internal respiration: The body cells take on oxygen from the blood and give back carbon dioxide, which is transported back to the lungs.
    3. 3. Copyright © 2005 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved. 3 Organs of the Respiratory System
    4. 4. Copyright © 2005 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved. 4 Structures of the Nasal Passages and Throat
    5. 5. Copyright © 2005 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved. 5 Respiratory System nose: lined with mucous membrane and fine hairs; acts as a filter to moisten and warm the entering air pharynx (throat): serves as a food and air passageway  adenoid: lymphoid tissue located behind the nasal cavity  tonsils: lymphoid tissue located behind the mouth
    6. 6. Copyright © 2005 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved. 6 Respiratory System (cont’d) larynx (voice box): location of the vocal cords epiglottis: flap of cartilage that automatically covers the opening of the larynx during swallowing and keeps food from entering the larynx trachea: passageway for air to the bronchi
    7. 7. Copyright © 2005 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved. 7 Respiratory System (cont’d) bronchus: one of two branches from the trachea, which conducts air into the lungs, where it divides and subdivides (referred to as a bronchial tree).  bronchioles: smallest subdivision of the bronchial tree  alveolus: air sacs at the end of the bronchioles; oxygen and carbon dioxide are exchanged through alveolar walls and capillaries
    8. 8. Copyright © 2005 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved. 8 Bronchioles and Alveoli
    9. 9. Copyright © 2005 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved. 9 Respiratory System (cont’d) lungs: 2 sponge-like organs in the thoracic cavity (right lung has 3 lobes; left lung has 2 lobes)  pleura: Serous membrane covering each lung and lining the thoracic cavity diaphragm: Muscular partition that separates the thoracic cavity from the abdominal cavity; aids in breathing mediastinum: Space between the lungs
    10. 10. Copyright © 2005 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved. 10 Combining Forms for the Respiratory System adenoid/o alveol/o bronch/i, bronch/o diaphragmat/o epiglott/o laryng/o lob/o nas/o, rhin/o pharyng/o pleur/o pneum/o, pneumat/o, pneumon/o pulmon/o
    11. 11. Copyright © 2005 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved. 11 Combining Forms for the Respiratory System (cont’d) sept/o sinus/o thorac/o tonsill/o trache/o
    12. 12. Copyright © 2005 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved. 12 Combining Forms Commonly Used with Respiratory System Terms atel/o capn/o hem/o, hemat/o muc/o orth/o ox/o, ox/i py/o spir/o
    13. 13. Copyright © 2005 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved. 13 Prefixes a-, an- endo- eu- pan- poly-
    14. 14. Copyright © 2005 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved. 14 Suffixes -algia -ar, -ary -cele -centesis -eal -ectasis -emia -gram -graphy -graph -meter -metry -oxia -pexy -phonia -pnea
    15. 15. Copyright © 2005 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved. 15 Suffixes (cont’d) -rrhagia -scope -scopic -scopy -spasm -stenosis -stomy -thorax -tomy
    16. 16. Copyright © 2005 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved. 16 Word Parts Meaning Breathing, Oxygen, and Chest Appear as Combining Forms and Suffixes Meaning Combining Form Suffix breathing spir/o -pnea chest thorac/o -thorax oxygen ox/o, ox/i -oxia
    17. 17. Copyright © 2005 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved. 17 Disease and Disorder Terms Built from Word Parts adenoiditis atelectasis bronchogenic carcinoma hemothorax pansinusitis pneumonitis pneumothorax rhinorrhagia
    18. 18. Copyright © 2005 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved. 18 Atelectasis Showing Collapsed Alveoli
    19. 19. Copyright © 2005 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved. 19 (air) / cv / (chest)
    20. 20. Copyright © 2005 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved. 20 Disease and Disorder Terms Not Built from Word Parts adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) asthma chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) Coccidioidomycosis (valley fever or cocci) emphysema obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) pulmonary embolism tuberculosis (TB)
    21. 21. Copyright © 2005 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved. 21 Surgical Terms Built from Word Parts bronchoplasty laryngocentesis lobectomy pleuropexy pneumobronchotomy thoracocentesis or thoracentesis thoracotomy tracheostomy
    22. 22. Copyright © 2005 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved. 22 (chest) / cv / (surgical puncture to remove fluid)
    23. 23. Copyright © 2005 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved. 23 Types of Diagnostic Procedures radiography: x-ray images of internal organs using ionizing radiation nuclear medicine: scans using radioactive material to determine the functional capacity of an organ ultrasound: sonograms, or echograms, using high-frequency sound waves to create an image of body organs
    24. 24. Copyright © 2005 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved. 24 Types of Diagnostic Procedures (cont’d) computed tomography (CT scans): computerized images of body organs in slices, horizontally magnetic resonance imaging (MRI scans): gives information about the body’s biochemistry by placing the patient in a magnetic field
    25. 25. Copyright © 2005 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved. 25 Types of Diagnostic Procedures (cont’d) endoscopy: endoscopes, which are lighted, flexible instruments, are used for visual examination of a hollow organ or body cavity laboratory: diagnostic procedures performed on specimens such as blood, tissue, sputum, and urine pulmonary function tests: diagnostic tests performed to determine lung function
    26. 26. Copyright © 2005 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved. 26 Diagnostic Terms Built from Word Parts capnometer endoscope endoscopic endoscopy laryngoscopy thoracoscope thoracoscopy oximeter polysomnography spirometer spirometry
    27. 27. Copyright © 2005 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved. 27 Pulse Oximetry
    28. 28. Copyright © 2005 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved. 28 Spirometer
    29. 29. Copyright © 2005 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved. 29 Diagnostic Terms Not Built from Word Parts Diagnostic imaging  chest CT (computed tomography) scan  chest x-ray  ventilation-perfusion scanning Laboratory procedure  acid-bacilli (AFB) smear
    30. 30. Copyright © 2005 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved. 30 Diagnostic Terms Not Built from Word Parts (cont’d) Pulmonary function  arterial blood gases (ABGs)  pulmonary function tests (PFTs)  pulse oximetry Other  PPD skin test
    31. 31. Copyright © 2005 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved. 31 Complementary Terms Built from Word Parts acapnia anoxia aphonia apnea bronchospasm diaphragmatic dysphonia dyspnea
    32. 32. Copyright © 2005 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved. 32 Complementary Terms Built from Word Parts (cont’d) eupnea hypercapnia hypocapnia hypoxemia hypoxia laryngeal nasopharyngeal rhinorrhea
    33. 33. Copyright © 2005 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved. 33 Complementary Terms Not Built from Word Parts airway asphyxia aspirate bronchoconstrictor bronchodilator hyperventilation hypoventilation mucopurulent
    34. 34. Copyright © 2005 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved. 34 Complementary Terms Not Built from Word Parts (cont’d) nebulizer nosocomial infection patent sputum ventilator
    35. 35. Copyright © 2005 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved. 35 Abbreviations ABGs AFB ARDS CF COPD CT CXR CO2 LLL LTB LUL O2 OSA PCP
    36. 36. Copyright © 2005 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved. 36 Abbreviations (cont’d) PE PFTs PSG RLL RUL TB URI VPS

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