P R O S P E C T U S
Title: Regional Training Course on Radiation Protection and Safety in Nuclear
Medicine
Place: Ankara, ...
– 2 –
course, participants will initiate such a programme in their respective
hospitals.
Participants’
qualifications &
re...
– 3 –
Application
procedure: Nominations may be submitted on the standard IAEA application form for
training courses. Comp...
– 4 –
in Nuclear Medicine
Part
No.
Title Objective
0 Introduction to nuclear
medicine
To provide a basic overview of nucle...
– 5 –
Part
No.
Title Objective
diagnostic procedures using following key-
equipment: Activity meter, monitoring equipment,...
– 5 –
Part
No.
Title Objective
diagnostic procedures using following key-
equipment: Activity meter, monitoring equipment,...
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Application

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Application

  1. 1. P R O S P E C T U S Title: Regional Training Course on Radiation Protection and Safety in Nuclear Medicine Place: Ankara, Turkey Date: 2-13 June 2003 Deadline for nominations: 4 April 2003 Organizers: The International Atomic Energy Agency in co-operation with the Government of Turkey through the Turkish Atomic Energy Authority Language: The language of instruction will be English. Participation: The course is open to a maximum of 25 participants, including 5-6 local participants. Background: In many countries the use of unsealed sources in medical and research applications is expanding. A variety of radiopharmaceuticals is being employed in clinical applications, and there is increasing interest in radionuclide diagnosis and therapy. There is an urgent need, in the medical applications field involving the administration of these unsealed radioactive materials, to ensure that adequate radiation protection measures, including the safe management of radioactive wastes, are in place and implemented in accordance with the International Basic Safety Standards. Radiation safety is especially critical in therapeutic applications. Additionally, an appropriate QA program must be developed and implemented to ensure that patient doses are optimized as required by the International Basic Safety Standards for Protection against Ionizing Radiation and for the Safety of Radiation Sources (BSS). As per BSS, medical practitioners shall be assigned the primary task and obligation of ensuring overall patient protection and safety in the prescription of, and during the delivery of, medical exposure. Further medical and paramedical personnel need to be appropriately trained to adequately discharge assigned tasks in the conduct of the diagnostic and therapeutic procedure. Purpose of the course: The purpose of the course is to provide participants with specialized training on the safety requirements of the BSS, as well as in organizing and implementing a radiation protection programme to comply with these requirements in the practice of nuclear medicine (diagnosis and therapeutic uses). The ultimate objective is to develop national sustainable education and training systems on radiation protection and safety in nuclear medicine departments in participating Member States, and to facilitate exchange of information, experiences and cooperation. It is expected that after the M-12 Dec 99
  2. 2. – 2 – course, participants will initiate such a programme in their respective hospitals. Participants’ qualifications & requirements: The course is open primarily to hospital staff engaged in nuclear medicine. It includes radiation protection officers, nuclear medicine physicians, and qualified experts in nuclear medicine physics (medical physicists) who have a major responsibility for compliance with the requirements of the radiation protection standards in a hospital. It is desirable that the candidate be a potential trainer of radiation protection in a nuclear medicine department or in the country. Nuclear medicine physicians and medical physicists candidates should have obtained the relevant professional degrees, while RPO candidates should have a formal education to a level equivalent to a university degree with a background in science and/or engineering, as well as in-depth knowledge of the principles of radiation protection. Participants are expected to make a presentation and submit a typed report, as well as a copy of their presentation on the status of the radiation protection programme in nuclear medicine in their hospital and preferably in the country. They shall also undergo pre- and post-evaluation by simple questionnaire to evaluate the change in knowledge and skills as a result of participation in the training course. There will also be sessions on teaching skills. The participants will make oral presentation on topics of their choice in 3 minutes without the help of projection. Additionally, the selected participants are expected to disseminate the contents of the course and provide associated technical material and information to other colleagues in their workplace. Nature of the course and areas covered: The course will consist of a series of lectures, discussions and work sessions, practical exercises and technical visits, and a final session on developing a programme for radiation protection in a nuclear medicine department (the programme consists of equipment, staff, training, plan of work and procedures). The areas covered by this Syllabus include safety in the practice of nuclear medicine, including diagnosis and therapeutic applications. The course addresses the general requirements of the Basic Safety Standards and the detailed requirements as applied in practice, including occupational, medical, public and potential exposure, as well as safe management of radioactive waste in a nuclear medicine department. The detailed list of topics is given below.
  3. 3. – 3 – Application procedure: Nominations may be submitted on the standard IAEA application form for training courses. Completed forms should be endorsed by and returned through the official channels established (the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the National Atomic Energy Authority or the Office of United Nations Development Programme). They must be received by the International Atomic Energy Agency, P.O. Box 100, A-1400 Vienna, Austria, not later than 4 April 2003. Nominations received after this date, or applications which have not been routed through one of the aforementioned channels, cannot be considered. Advanced nominations by facsimile (+43-1-26007), or e-mail (Official.Mail@iaea.org) are welcomed. The facsimile/e-mail should contain the following basic information about the candidate: name, age, academic qualifications, present position including exact nature of duties carried out, proficiency in English, and full working address including e- mail address, telephone/facsimile numbers. Language certificate: In the case of countries where English is not an official or customary language, nominations must be accompanied by a separate certificate of the candidate's proficiency in English. This certificate must be issued by a language school or cultural institution, or an embassy of a country in which the language of the course is spoken. Administrative and financial arrangements: Nominating Governments will be informed in due course of the names of the candidates who have been selected and will at that time be given full details on the procedures to be followed with regard to administrative and financial matters. During their attendance at the course, participants from countries eligible to receive technical assistance will be provided with a stipend sufficient to cover accommodation, food and minor incidental expenses. The IAEA will also provide the participants with a round-trip air ticket, economy class, excursion if applicable, from their home countries to Ankara and return. Shipment of accumulated course materials to the participants' home countries is not the responsibility of the IAEA. The organizers of the course do not accept liability for the payment of any cost or compensation that may arise from damage to or loss of personal property, or from illness, injury, disability or death of a participant while he/she is travelling to and from or attending the course, and it is clearly understood that each Government, in nominating a participant, undertakes responsibility for such coverage. Governments would be well advised to take out insurance against these risks. Topics for the IAEA Training Course on Radiation Protection & Safety
  4. 4. – 4 – in Nuclear Medicine Part No. Title Objective 0 Introduction to nuclear medicine To provide a basic overview of nuclear medicine diagnosis and therapy 1 Biological effects of ionizing radiation To provide basic knowledge of the mechanisms of different types of biological effects following exposure to ionizing radiation, results of epidemiological studies of exposed population to ionizing radiation. To be aware of the models used to derive risk coefficients for estimating the detriment 2 Radiation Physics To provide basic knowledge of radiation physics, dosimetric quantities and units to perform related calculations, different types of radiation detectors and their characteristics, their operating principles, and limitations. 3 Principles of radiation protection, the international framework and regulatory requirements To provide basic knowledge of the ICRP’s conceptual framework and the International Basic Safety Standards requirement (BSS) and related Safety Guides in radiation protection in medical field. 4 Safety of sources and design of shielding facilities To provide basic knowledge of the types of sources used in nuclear medicine. To demonstrate the functioning of basic principles of defense in depth, safety of sources and optimization are applied to the design of a nuclear medicine facility. To get basic information about shielding calculations. 5 Occupational Protection To provide knowledge of the BSS detailed requirements and the Safety Guide on occupational exposures for radiation protection of workers in nuclear medicine. 6 Medical Exposure To provide knowledge of the BSS detailed requirement for medical exposure in nuclear medicine: responsibilities, justification, optimization, guidance level, dose constraints, accidental exposure and medical records 7 Optimization of protection for diagnostic procedures. To apply the principles of radiation protection including design, operational considerations, calibration, clinical dosimetry and quality control for
  5. 5. – 5 – Part No. Title Objective diagnostic procedures using following key- equipment: Activity meter, monitoring equipment, probes, scanners, gamma cameras, SPECT- system including coincidence option, and PET. 8 Optimization of protection for therapeutic procedures . To apply the principle of optimization of radiation protection to therapeutic procedures including design, operational consideration, quality control and clinical dosimetry. 9 Quality Assurance To provide knowledge of the concepts of quality assurance, radiation protection in nuclear medicine and procedures for reviewing and assessing the overall effectiveness of radiation protection. 10 Radioactive Waste To provide knowledge of the general principles of handling and safety of radioactive waste. To be able to identify, store and dispose of the different types of waste generated in a nuclear medicine department. 11 Potential and Accidental Exposures and Emergency preparedness To be able to identify hazardous situations which can result in accidental exposure and to take the necessary corrective actions. Case studies on accidental exposures and lessons learned 12 Protection of the public To become aware of the BSS protection requirements in case of public exposure and the regulations valid for the medical care of radioactively contaminated patients, as well as for the design and operation of a nuclear medicine facility. 13 Organization of radiation protection To become familiar with the radiation protection requirements in nuclear medicine including staffing, responsibilities and duties.
  6. 6. – 5 – Part No. Title Objective diagnostic procedures using following key- equipment: Activity meter, monitoring equipment, probes, scanners, gamma cameras, SPECT- system including coincidence option, and PET. 8 Optimization of protection for therapeutic procedures . To apply the principle of optimization of radiation protection to therapeutic procedures including design, operational consideration, quality control and clinical dosimetry. 9 Quality Assurance To provide knowledge of the concepts of quality assurance, radiation protection in nuclear medicine and procedures for reviewing and assessing the overall effectiveness of radiation protection. 10 Radioactive Waste To provide knowledge of the general principles of handling and safety of radioactive waste. To be able to identify, store and dispose of the different types of waste generated in a nuclear medicine department. 11 Potential and Accidental Exposures and Emergency preparedness To be able to identify hazardous situations which can result in accidental exposure and to take the necessary corrective actions. Case studies on accidental exposures and lessons learned 12 Protection of the public To become aware of the BSS protection requirements in case of public exposure and the regulations valid for the medical care of radioactively contaminated patients, as well as for the design and operation of a nuclear medicine facility. 13 Organization of radiation protection To become familiar with the radiation protection requirements in nuclear medicine including staffing, responsibilities and duties.

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