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Principles of
Design for the
Artist
PRESENTED BY: BRUCEBLACKART.COM
Elements of Art
LINE
SHAPE
FORM
SPACE
TEXTURE
COLOR
VALUE
FRANCISCO
GOYA
"THE 2ND OF
MAY 1808 IN
MADRID.“
1814
Does this
work of art
contain all
or only
some of
the
elements of
art?
Michelangelo
Pieta
1498
The Principles of
Design
What are The Principles of
Design?
The Principles of Design are
the ways that artists use the
Elements of Art to create go...
There are 11 Principles of
Design
Balance Contrast
Emphasis Variety
Unity/Harmony Proportion
Rhythm Movement
Pattern Repet...
Balance:
THIS PRINCIPLE OF DESIGN REFERS TO THE VISUAL
EQUALIZATION OF THE ELEMENTS IN A WORK OF ART.
THERE ARE THREE MAJO...
The three major forms of
balance:
 Asymmetrical balance: where
equilibrium is achieved by the
balance differences in the ...
What kind of balance is illustrated in this
painting Oriental Poppies, by Georgia
O’Keefe?
If you said symmetrical balance, you are correct!
If you could visually divide the paper in half. There would be a
poppy o...
What type of balance is shown in this painting,
Arrangement in Grey and Black: Portrait of the Painter's
Mother (commonly ...
If you said, asymmetrical balance, you were right! The
large form of the woman is "visually equal" to the black
curtain an...
What type of balance is shown in this
stained glass artwork, Rose Window?
Radial Balance! Look at the spiral or spinning effect of
the pattern. The axis is the center point and the design
or patte...
What type of balance is shown here?
Here the larger figures to the right are balanced by the many
smaller figures to the l...
What type of balance is shown here?
The monkey and the
the cat balance each
other out on either
side of the woman.
Freda K...
Contrast
A design principle that emphasizes differences between the art elements.
For example, a painting may have bright ...
Rembrandt Van Rijn “Belshazzar's Feast”
(1637)
How does the artist use contrast in this work?
In this work we
see sharp lines
and shapes
against softer
lines and
shapes. We
also see sharp
contrast
between
colors.
Rob...
Emphasis
The principle of design that is concerned with dominance; the development of a
main idea or center of interest (a...
Where is the focal point in Wassily
Kandinsky’s, Composition VII ?
Kandinsky emphasized the large black circle in
the upper left corner of his work. The object is
different from everything ...
In Francisco Goya’s, The Shootings of
May Third 1801, where is the area of
emphasis?
Goya "lights" up the painting in much the same way a spotlight lights
up the actors on a stage. Goya creates a very light ...
Variety
Variety is achieved when the art elements are
combined in various ways to increase visual interest.
For instance, ...
Let’s look at Kandinsky’s painting again.
How is the artist showing variety in this
work?
Kandinsky used a variety of lines, shapes and colors to
give this painting interest. He also overlapped some of
those elem...
Unity/Harmony
This principle refers to the visual quality of
wholeness or oneness that is achieved through
effective use o...
What do you think Cezanne used to keep this painting,
Mt. Victoria, unified or working together?
Cezanne used blues, yellows and greens. By
using related colors (remember blue and yellow
make green), the piece appears t...
Proportion
The relationship in size of one
component (part) of a work of art to
another
How is this artist, Caravaggio, showing
correct proportion?
Sometimes
artists chose to
distort or
exaggerate
the proportions
of the subjects
involved.
Alberto
Giacometti
Rhythm
Rhythm refers to a way of utilizing the art
elements to produce the look and feel of rhythmic
movement with a visua...
How does the artist M.C. Escher establish a sense of
rhythm with this piece?
Movement
Movement is the design principle that uses some of
the elements of art to produce the look of action or
to cause ...
In Starry Night, famed artist Vincent Van Gogh
creates movement in his sky. How does he show us
this?
The swirling motion of the
colors in the sky showing
the artist's interpretation of
wind.
The repetition of the
brushstrok...
Pattern
Repetition of an element of art (i.e.,
shapes, lines, or colors) to achieve
decoration or ornamentation.
What elements has the artist used in this
mask to create pattern?
This decorative
wall plaque is a
great example of
how an...
How has the artists use of
pattern enhanced this
piece?
Would this piece be
as interesting if the
artist had used a
solid ...
Repetition
A way of combining art elements
so that the same elements are
used over and over to achieve
balance and harmony.
Ben Shahn has shown repetition in his work, Supermarket
by repeating the same subject over and over to create
an interesti...
This beautiful Scorpion Mola, by an unknown
artist , from the Panama Canal Kuna Indians
shows repetition of what elements ...
Shapes, colors, lines, and forms are
repeated.
What were
the seven
elements of
art?
The Principles of Design in
Review
The Principles of Design are the ways that artistsThe Principles of Design are the ways...
End of Show
Presented by: bruceblackart.com
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The principles of design for Art

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Transcript of "The principles of design for Art"

  1. 1. Principles of Design for the Artist PRESENTED BY: BRUCEBLACKART.COM
  2. 2. Elements of Art LINE SHAPE FORM SPACE TEXTURE COLOR VALUE FRANCISCO GOYA "THE 2ND OF MAY 1808 IN MADRID.“ 1814
  3. 3. Does this work of art contain all or only some of the elements of art? Michelangelo Pieta 1498
  4. 4. The Principles of Design
  5. 5. What are The Principles of Design? The Principles of Design are the ways that artists use the Elements of Art to create good Compositions (artwork)
  6. 6. There are 11 Principles of Design Balance Contrast Emphasis Variety Unity/Harmony Proportion Rhythm Movement Pattern Repetition
  7. 7. Balance: THIS PRINCIPLE OF DESIGN REFERS TO THE VISUAL EQUALIZATION OF THE ELEMENTS IN A WORK OF ART. THERE ARE THREE MAJOR FORMS OF BALANCE
  8. 8. The three major forms of balance:  Asymmetrical balance: where equilibrium is achieved by the balance differences in the art elements within a composition.  Symmetrical balance: where the art elements in a composition are balanced in a mirror-like fashion (it does not have to be exact but close).  Radial balance: a kind of balance where the elements branch or radiate out from a central point.
  9. 9. What kind of balance is illustrated in this painting Oriental Poppies, by Georgia O’Keefe?
  10. 10. If you said symmetrical balance, you are correct! If you could visually divide the paper in half. There would be a poppy on both sides. No one side dominates the pictures. Neither poppy appears to be more important than the other.
  11. 11. What type of balance is shown in this painting, Arrangement in Grey and Black: Portrait of the Painter's Mother (commonly known as Whistler’s Mother), by James Whistler?
  12. 12. If you said, asymmetrical balance, you were right! The large form of the woman is "visually equal" to the black curtain and white painting on the wall. This makes the painting appear balanced.
  13. 13. What type of balance is shown in this stained glass artwork, Rose Window?
  14. 14. Radial Balance! Look at the spiral or spinning effect of the pattern. The axis is the center point and the design or pattern appears to "radiate" from that point.
  15. 15. What type of balance is shown here? Here the larger figures to the right are balanced by the many smaller figures to the left. Also, Seurat added additional "light" to the left. How does this add balance to the painting? George Seurat, (French) 1859-1891, Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grand Jatte
  16. 16. What type of balance is shown here? The monkey and the the cat balance each other out on either side of the woman. Freda Khalo, Autorretarto con Collre de Espinas y Colibri,
  17. 17. Contrast A design principle that emphasizes differences between the art elements. For example, a painting may have bright colors that contrast with dull colors or angular shapes that contrast with rounded shapes. Sharp contrast draws attention and can direct a viewer to a focal point within a work of art.
  18. 18. Rembrandt Van Rijn “Belshazzar's Feast” (1637) How does the artist use contrast in this work?
  19. 19. In this work we see sharp lines and shapes against softer lines and shapes. We also see sharp contrast between colors. Robert Straight P-459 2010 48" x 40 1/4"
  20. 20. Emphasis The principle of design that is concerned with dominance; the development of a main idea or center of interest (also called focal point)
  21. 21. Where is the focal point in Wassily Kandinsky’s, Composition VII ?
  22. 22. Kandinsky emphasized the large black circle in the upper left corner of his work. The object is different from everything else in the painting and therefore it "stands out".
  23. 23. In Francisco Goya’s, The Shootings of May Third 1801, where is the area of emphasis?
  24. 24. Goya "lights" up the painting in much the same way a spotlight lights up the actors on a stage. Goya creates a very light value around the area he wants you to see. The man in the white shirt is the focal point of the painting. He uses value contrast to emphasize this area.
  25. 25. Variety Variety is achieved when the art elements are combined in various ways to increase visual interest. For instance, an assortment of shapes that are of a variety of sizes attracts more attention than an assortment of shapes all the same size.
  26. 26. Let’s look at Kandinsky’s painting again. How is the artist showing variety in this work?
  27. 27. Kandinsky used a variety of lines, shapes and colors to give this painting interest. He also overlapped some of those elements.
  28. 28. Unity/Harmony This principle refers to the visual quality of wholeness or oneness that is achieved through effective use of the elements of art and principles of design
  29. 29. What do you think Cezanne used to keep this painting, Mt. Victoria, unified or working together?
  30. 30. Cezanne used blues, yellows and greens. By using related colors (remember blue and yellow make green), the piece appears to work as a whole.
  31. 31. Proportion The relationship in size of one component (part) of a work of art to another
  32. 32. How is this artist, Caravaggio, showing correct proportion?
  33. 33. Sometimes artists chose to distort or exaggerate the proportions of the subjects involved. Alberto Giacometti
  34. 34. Rhythm Rhythm refers to a way of utilizing the art elements to produce the look and feel of rhythmic movement with a visual tempo or beat
  35. 35. How does the artist M.C. Escher establish a sense of rhythm with this piece?
  36. 36. Movement Movement is the design principle that uses some of the elements of art to produce the look of action or to cause the viewer’s eye to sweep over the art work in a certain manner.
  37. 37. In Starry Night, famed artist Vincent Van Gogh creates movement in his sky. How does he show us this?
  38. 38. The swirling motion of the colors in the sky showing the artist's interpretation of wind. The repetition of the brushstrokes and paint dabs. The stars are all yellow and round, vary in size and placement, and have "halos" of light encircling them. Look at the painting and concentrate on how your eyes bounce from one star to another. This is an example of how an artist can create movement in a work of art.
  39. 39. Pattern Repetition of an element of art (i.e., shapes, lines, or colors) to achieve decoration or ornamentation.
  40. 40. What elements has the artist used in this mask to create pattern? This decorative wall plaque is a great example of how an artist uses lines and shapes to create patterns. Artist Unknown,Indonesian, Wall Plaque,
  41. 41. How has the artists use of pattern enhanced this piece? Would this piece be as interesting if the artist had used a solid background rather than this patterned one? Henri Matisse
  42. 42. Repetition A way of combining art elements so that the same elements are used over and over to achieve balance and harmony.
  43. 43. Ben Shahn has shown repetition in his work, Supermarket by repeating the same subject over and over to create an interesting composition. He used the same type and thickness of line and the same shapes
  44. 44. This beautiful Scorpion Mola, by an unknown artist , from the Panama Canal Kuna Indians shows repetition of what elements of art?
  45. 45. Shapes, colors, lines, and forms are repeated.
  46. 46. What were the seven elements of art?
  47. 47. The Principles of Design in Review The Principles of Design are the ways that artistsThe Principles of Design are the ways that artists useuse thethe Elements of Art to create good Compositions (artwork)Elements of Art to create good Compositions (artwork) BalanceBalance ContrastContrast EmphasisEmphasis VarietyVariety Unity/HarmonyUnity/Harmony ProportionProportion RhythmRhythm MovementMovement PatternPattern RepetitionRepetition
  48. 48. End of Show Presented by: bruceblackart.com
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