How to Draw in Two-Point Perspective Like a Pro!

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Educational slide show demonstrating the techniques of two-point perspective through step by step process. Very easy to follow and informational. Great for art teachers, designers, architects, and students.

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How to Draw in Two-Point Perspective Like a Pro!

  1. 1. How to Draw in two-point Perspective Like a Pro! Edward Hopper The House by the Railroad
  2. 2. What is perspective anyway? • Perspective, in art, refers to how objects that are painted or drawn on a two-dimensional surface are made to look three dimensional. • By following a simple system of either one, two, or three-point perspective almost anyone can learn to draw buildings and architectural elements with a high degree of accuracy. • These perspective rules were developed during the early Italian Rennaissance over a period of about 400 years, beginning with the works of the architect, Filippo Brunelleschi (1377-1446) and the painter Masolino da Panicale (1383-c. 1440)
  3. 3. So, What is two-point perspective? • Two-point perspective refers to when artists are attempting to draw an architectural element from the vantage point of seeing it at an angle. In this way, the viewer is able to see both sides of the architectural element receding towards a common horizon line.
  4. 4. Let’s compare one-point perspective with two-point perspective. • In one-point perspective the view is from straight on and the sides recede to only one vanishing point on the horizon. • In two-point perspective, the view is from the corner and the sides recede toward two different vanishing points.
  5. 5. Here are the steps…..they are not so hard. • Draw a horizon line. This is horizontal line that refers to the point at which the sky meets the land. It also refers to the eye level of the viewer. Remember, the horizon line is equal to your eye level. Since you can have only one given eye level at a time, you can only have one horizon line. • Next place two vanishing points fairly far apart on your horizon line. The vanishing point refers to the point at which parallel lines appear to converge on the horizon. Think of railroad tracks that seem to come together on the horizon.
  6. 6. VANISHING POINT HORIZON LINE
  7. 7. You’re doing great! • Now, place a vertical line somewhere on your page that is between the two vanishing points. This line represents the corner of the box you are drawing. • Draw from the top and bottom of that vertical line towards both of your points.
  8. 8. THESE IMAGINARY LINES ARE CALLED ORTHAGONAL LINES
  9. 9. YOU ARE ALMOST THERE. • Now draw two lines inside your “V” shape. These represent the back corners of your box. Where you put them is determined by how long or wide you want your box to be.
  10. 10. This is the tricky part…..But not too tricky. • Now, if your box is below your horizon line (eye level) then that means you should be able to see the top. • To draw the top, draw a line from the top of your left most line to your right vanishing point. • Now draw a line from the top of your right most line to your left most vanishing point. • The lines will cross each other creating the top. Tip: If your box is above your horizon line (eye level) then do the exact same thing, except draw from the bottom of your lines instead of the top.
  11. 11. You did it! Now just erase your extra orthogonal lines.
  12. 12. Let’s see that one more time
  13. 13. Practice drawing several boxes at different elevations using two-point perspective.
  14. 14. Tip: Keep in mind that everything that you put on the sides of your box, must recede to the correct vanishing point. That way, everything gets smaller at the same rate as it goes away from the eye and looks natural. Correct Incorrect
  15. 15. Look at this painting by William Hogarth. How did he use two- point perspective to create a feeling of depth and naturalism? March of the Guards to Finchley (1750), a satirical depiction of troops mustered to defend London from the 1745Jacobite rebellion.
  16. 16. Here is another picture by William Hogarth called, “Gin Lane.” (1751) Look how he follows the rules of two-point perspective to capture the buildings along this street.
  17. 17. Vocabulary • Perspective • Horizon Line • Vanishing Point • Orthagonal line • One-point perspective • Two-point perspective
  18. 18. END OF SLIDE SHOW PRESENTED BY: bruceblackart.com Visit bruceblackart.com to see more of Bruce’s powerpoint presentations on art and to see his own professional paintings.

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