Greek&roman sculpture

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History of Greek and Roman sculpture

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  • Laocoön and his sons , also known as the Laocoön Group . Copied from the original (ca. 200 BC) by the three Rhodian sculptors Agesander, Athenedoros and Polydorus. Museo Pio-Clementino, Vatican, Inv.1059, Inv.1064 and Inv. 1067. Height: 1,84 m (6').
  • Greek&roman sculpture

    1. 1. Presented by: Bruce Black Art.com
    2. 2. This is the culmination ofyears of study andpractice that began backduring the ancient Greekperiods.
    3. 3. A Brief Survey
    4. 4.  Mycenaean Civilization: 1900 – 1100 B.C.E. The Dark Ages: 1100 – 800 B.C.E. Archaic Age: 800 – 479 B.C.E. Hellenic (Classical) Age: 479 – 323 B.C.E. Hellenistic Age: 323 B.C.E. – 31 B.C.E.
    5. 5.  Feudal Society Fortress-Palaces on Hilltops Skilled craftsmen, artists – ceramics, metalwork (gold, bronze) Extensive trade, warfare in Eastern Mediterranean Trojan War, ca. 1250 B.C.E.
    6. 6.  Dorian Invasions (Greeks) destroy Mycenaean Civilization Writing System, skilled craftsmen, artisans disappear Contact with other Eastern Mediterranean cultures very limited.
    7. 7.  Greek Culture begins to emerge Epic Poetry: • Homer’s Iliad and Odyssey: ca. 800 B.C.E. Lyric Poetry: • Sappho’s Poems: ca. 600 B.C.E. Architecture: The Doric Temple • Temple of Hera at Paestum, ca. 560-550 B.C.E. • Temple of Aphaia, Aegina, 510 B.C.E. Politics: • Cleisthenes est. democracy in Athens: 508 B.C.E.
    8. 8.  Kouros – nude male statues Kore – clothed female statues • A new emphasis on the beauty of human body • Seem to have depicted human heroes; • Seem to have been used as memorials • Early Kouros show strong Egyptian influence
    9. 9. New York Kouros: ca. 615-590 B.C.E.http://www.iub.edu/~c101/images/new-york-kouros.jpg
    10. 10. Pharoah Menkaure and Chief Queen, ca. 2525 B.C.E.Photo: Keith Schengili-Robertshttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image: Used by permission
    11. 11. http://faculty.evansville.edu/rl29/art105/img/greek_kore.jpg
    12. 12. Peplos Kore, Archaic Period, Limestone, ca. 600 B.C.E.•Found on the Acropolis of Athens•Egyptian pose modified; less rigid•Missing left hand extended forward (not acrosschest)•Right arm is bent forward slightly•Hair is looser, less wig-like•Clothing is not given much detail, but the shape ofthe body is more clearly depicted•Archaic Smile/Facial Expression overall – morenatural•Made of marble http://faculty.evansville.edu/rl29/art105/img/greek_kore.jpg
    13. 13. Modern Attempt at recreating original painted version of the Peplos Kore, Archaic Period•Chiton – blue garment visible near ankles•Peplos – red garment worn over chiton•Meniskos – umbrella-like head covering Cambridge University, www.chu.cam.ac.uk
    14. 14. Anavyssos Kouros: ca. 530 B.C.E.Memorial to a young man namedKroisos who died in battleInscription on base of statue reads:“Stand and mourn for Kroisos now deadWhom wild Ares struck down at thebattlelines head.”Material: Parian marble http://www.iub.edu/~c101/images/anavyssos-kouros-color.jpg
    15. 15. Severe StyleHigh classical style
    16. 16. Kritios Boy, Acropolis Museum in Athens, Marble, ca. 480 B.C.E. Classical/Severe StylePhoto: Marsyas, 2007Wikipedia CommonsUsed by permission
    17. 17. Kritios Boy, detailPhoto: Marsyas, 2007Wikipedia CommonsUsed by permission
    18. 18. • intended to convey nobility and dignity• First phase of Greek classical sculpture
    19. 19. • Contrapposto (counterpoise): a posture that places the bodys weight on one leg and uses the other leg as a support.• Trend toward greater naturalism Muscles/anatomy skillfully represented;• Slight tilt of the head and contrapposto undermine frontality
    20. 20.  Attempted to represent motion Attempted to represent ideal beauty
    21. 21.  Marble copy of bronze original by Polykleitos Polykleitos – developed a canon of beauty based on proportional relationships among body parts. Example: the ideal ratio head/body size is 1/7. Opposite arms and legs balance each other
    22. 22. Classical: Zeus Throwing a Lightning Bolt or Poseidon Throwing a Spear ca. 460 B.C.E. Bronze, 6’11” high www.historyforkids.org
    23. 23. Melodrama & Motion
    24. 24. The Dying Gaul, ca. 230-220 B.C.E. Roman copy of bronze orig. By [http://www.flickr.com/photos/antmoose/ antmoose] {{cc-by-2.0}} This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 License.
    25. 25. Laocoon and His Sons Attacked by Serpents (Hellenistic) 175- 150 B.C.E. marble perhaps original)Public Domainhttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Image:Laocoon02.jpg
    26. 26. Laocoon, DetailPhoto: Jastrow, 2003. PD: Selfhttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Image:Laocoon_Vatican_detail.jpg
    27. 27. Winged Victory of Samothrace/Nike of Samothrace
    28. 28. Marcus Aurelius, fragments of a bronze portrait, after 170 CE. Photograph: Jastrow 2005. Used by permission.
    29. 29. Marcus Aurelius - bust in the Louvre, ParisSource: English Wikipedia, original upload 4 June 2004 by ChrisO
    30. 30. Bust of Cato the ElderPublic domain image. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Cato.jpeg
    31. 31. Bronze head of Constantine I, Musei Capitolini, Rome. 4th c. C.E.http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Image:Musei_Capitolini-testa_bronzea_di_Costantino-antmoose.jpg Photo by Anthony Majanlahti, June 4, 2005.Used by permission
    32. 32. Head of the colossal marble statue of Constantine I, Musei Capitolini, Rome Photographer: Markus Bernet Date: 07/10/2004 Used by permission http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Constantine_Musei_Capitolini.jpg
    33. 33. Presented by: Bruce Black Art.com

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