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8. renaissance in venice

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  • 1. The Renaissance in Venice 1470 - 1570
  • 2. The Queen of the Adriatic  Venice was in many ways quite different to Rome and Florence  At the crossroads of commercial trade between east and west it became a very prosperous and splendid city in the 16th century  This also meant it had an exciting mix of exotic cultures
  • 3. Painting in Venice Characteristics  Colour and light characterise Venetian painting  It is known for a very distinctive style of loose brushwork and a smooth, velvety texture  Blurry edges and soft light is found particularly in landscape landscape painting and this tends to create a gentle slightly mysterious atmosphere
  • 4. Techniques  The damp atmosphere in Venice made fresco painting on plastered walls impossible  Artists developed the technique of oil painting on canvas.  Canvas was stretched over large wooden frames to hang on walls  Primed with white gesso the light glowed through layers of oily paint and glazes.
  • 5. Artists of Venice •Giovanni Bellini 1430 – 1516 •Giorgione 1477- 1510 •Titian (Tiziano Vecelli) 1485-1576
  • 6. Giovanni Bellini  Bellini was from a family of painters  They are thought to have brought Renaissance "style" to Venetian painting in the mid to late 15th century  Bellini perfected the new technique oil painting  His realistic and sensitive work brought Renaissance painting in Venice to the same level as Florence and Rome.
  • 7. Portrait of Doge Leonardo Loredan of Venice 1501 Giovanni Bellini National Gallery, London • The ruler of Venice was known as „the Doge‟ • Bellini‟s portrait perfectly captures his role as the most powerful figure in Venice
  • 8. Giorgione 1477- 1510  The name means „big Giorgio‟  Giorgione died at a young age and not much is known of his life  His paintings are dreamlike and mysterious  They brought the new word 'poesie' meaning visual poetry to Renaissance art.  They are linked with particular style of poetry called the „Arcadia‟.  Arcadia was a fantasy landscape of peace and romantic love  His most famous pupil was the artist Titian  Titian probably finished several of his paintings
  • 9. The Tempest Giorgione Accademia, Venice •This is one of Giorgione‟s few works •No one is sure of its exact meaning •The strange atmosphere comes from the vibrant brightness of a single flash of lightening just before a storm •The mother with her child under the trees may represent shelter
  • 10. Concert Champêtre1508-09 Giorgione and Titian Musée du Louvre, Paris •This is another mysterious painting of mythological figures in a dreamy landscape •For a long time it was thought to be by Giorgione but was probably painted or at least finished, by Titian
  • 11. Sleeping Venus c. 1510 Giorgione Gemäldegalerie, Dresden •Giorgione was the first to paint the goddess sleeping beneath a tree seemingly unaware of her nakedness •The soft afternoon sunlight brings the landscape and girl together in a picture of the poetic beauty •The subject became very popular after that
  • 12. Titian 1485-1576  After Bellini's death, Titian became the foremost painter in Venice  He had gained great technical skills and new methods of working from Giorgione  He was the most expressive painter of his time  His rich colours and soft painterly technique were widely imitated.
  • 13. Noli Me Tangere 1511-12 Titian National Gallery, London •In Latin meaning 'Do not touch me‟ •One of Titian‟s earlier works and although a little awkward the figures and landscape blend well together •The subject matter refers to Christ when he appeared to Mary Magdalen after his death and Resurrection •She reaches out to touch his garment him saying “master” but he tells her not to touch him.
  • 14. Madonna with Saints and Members of the Pesaro Family1519-26 Titian Santa Maria Gloriosa dei Frari, Venice •Unusually the artist has moved the Holy Virgin out of the centre of the picture •He has placed St Peter in the centre on the steps of her Heavenly seat •He wears the bright blue colour usually given to the Virgin •St Francis stands to her left •Included in the picture are the family members
  • 15. Assumption of the Virgin1516-18 Titian Santa Maria Gloriosa dei Frari, Venice •Titian broke with tradition for this bold new and very colourful painting •He worked on this huge dramatic altarpiece for nearly two years •In a strong and powerful twisting motion the Virgin and angels soar above the heads of the apostles •It shows the influence of Michelangelo and Raphael
  • 16. Bacchus and Ariadne1520-22 Titian National Gallery, London •The subject comes from classical poetry •The wine god Bacchus falls in love with Princess Ariadne daughter of the King of Crete •The theme is love at first sight •It is also famous for its spectacular colours •Ariadne‟s gown and the sky are coloured with intense blue ultramarine •This contrasts with strong red and beautiful gold orange pigments
  • 17. The Venus of Urbino Titian Uffizi Gallery Florence •Titian adapted Giorgione‟s theme of Venus in this painting •Unlike Giorgione‟s innocent goddess Titian‟s girl is awake and aware of the effect she has on the viewer •The picture was painted to celebrate a marriage •The little dog curled up on the bed representing faithfulness is one of a number of symbols referring to marriage
  • 18. Ecce Homo Titian National Gallery of Ireland •The artist painted this subject many times •This „Man of Sorrow‟ with face in shadow and downcast eyes was painted when he was nearly 80 •The gentle figure of Christ is bound, tortured, beaten and crowned with thorns •The soft painterly brushstrokes add to the spiritual feeling of this deeply moving image Image from the National Gallery of Ireland website
  • 19. Images from Web Gallery of Art www.wga.hu
  • 20. Acknowledgements Art Associates Maria Moore Margaret O‟Shea Local Facilitator Team Aine Andrews Joe Caslin Jane Campbell Siobhan Campbell Niamh O‟Donoghue Niamh O‟Neill Keith O‟Rahilly Sheena McKeon Tony Morrissey Monica White Many thanks to the following for their invaluable contribution to the European Art History and Appreciation series of workshops and resource materials. PDST Professional Development Service for Teachers
  • 21. PDST Professional Development Service for Teachers The PDST is funded by the Department of Education and Skills under the National Development Plan 2007 - 2013 Cultural & Environmental Education Professional Development Service for Teachers (PDST) Dublin West Education Centre, Old Blessington Road, Tallaght, Dublin 24 National Co-ordinator Conor Harrison Mobile: 087 240 5710 E-mail: conorharrison@pdst.ie Administrator Angie Grogan Tel: 014528018 Fax: 014528010 E-mail: angiegrogan@pdst.ie.

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