Alkanes
Alkanes
 Methane

 Ethane

CH4

C2H6

 Propane

 Butane

General Formula

C3H8

C4H10

CnH2n+2

 Pentane

 Hexane

...
Alkanes
 Alkanes

are saturated hydrocarbons, as all
bonds in alkane molecules are single bonds
Methane CH4
Ethane C2H6
Propane C3H8
Butane C4H10
Pentane C5H12
Alkanes
 Alkane

molecules
are tetrahedral, e.g.
propane
Physical properties
 Physical

state: The first four alkanes are
gases, while pentane and higher alkanes are
liquids
 In...
Uses
 Used

as fuels
 Petrol, diesel, LPG and natural gas are all
mixtures of alkanes
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7.1 tetrahedral carbon alkanes 7.1 (1)

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7.1 tetrahedral carbon alkanes 7.1 (1)

  1. 1. Alkanes
  2. 2. Alkanes  Methane  Ethane CH4 C2H6  Propane  Butane General Formula C3H8 C4H10 CnH2n+2  Pentane  Hexane  Heptane  Octane C5H12 C6H14 C7H16 C8H18
  3. 3. Alkanes  Alkanes are saturated hydrocarbons, as all bonds in alkane molecules are single bonds
  4. 4. Methane CH4
  5. 5. Ethane C2H6
  6. 6. Propane C3H8
  7. 7. Butane C4H10
  8. 8. Pentane C5H12
  9. 9. Alkanes  Alkane molecules are tetrahedral, e.g. propane
  10. 10. Physical properties  Physical state: The first four alkanes are gases, while pentane and higher alkanes are liquids  Insoluble in water  Soluble in non-polar solvents such as cyclohexane
  11. 11. Uses  Used as fuels  Petrol, diesel, LPG and natural gas are all mixtures of alkanes
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