Expo booklet

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A booklet version of our four board presentation from teh October 2010 Architecture & Neighborhood Design Expo. The Expo was sponsored by the Beaufort Three Century Project and the Historic Beaufort Foundation in Beaufort, SC.

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Expo booklet

  1. 1. Growing Local A Neighborhood Plan for Bladen Street & A Flexible House Form for Beaufort Beaufo rt thr e e Centu ry ProjeCt & histo riC Beaufo rt fo u ndatio n : Arch itect u re & Neig hborhood Design s Expositio n: Submittals
  2. 2. Growing Local Table of Contents Ta ble of Co ntents ...................... 3 Neig hborhood Plan .................. 3 Plan Co ncepts ............................. 3 Design Principles .................... 5 Flexible Building Design ... 15 Plan Co ncepts ........................... 15 Design Principles .................. 17 Beaufo rt thr e e Centu ry ProjeCt & histo riC Beaufo rt fo u ndatio n : Beaufort, SC October 2010 Arch itect u re & Neig hborhood Design s Expositio n: Submittal p|2
  3. 3. Growing Local A Neighborhood Plan for Bladen Street Washington Street St udy Area 3: Blad en Street Public Realm . Diversity . Accessibility . Context Duke Street Flexibility . Formal Typologies . Security . Environment . Food Adventure Street Bladen Street Blad en Street was h is torically a commercial corridor running from Boundary Street, south to Bay Street. A few of the local b usinesses, including the Black Cha m ber of Commerce, two law offices and a funeral home, s till exis t alo ng th is s treet, b ut Prince Street the majority have le ft the downtown area. Th is plan creates a new food based focus for the neig hborhood to spu r local indus try, wh ile co ncu rrently adding additio nal resid ential units that will bring the required support base for these b usinesses. It preserves the h is toric s truct u res and character of the blocks, and provid es specific places for civic b uildings, King Street as well as live-work and sho pfro nt b uildings. Public Real m inves tment will spu r private real m inves tment and create N the fra mework for neig hborhood re vitalizatio n. The goal is to create a new id entity for th is area that will support and 0’ 80’ 160’ Scale: 1:160 320’ enhance the exis ting fa bric of Beaufort. North Street Bay Str eet Beaufort, SC October 2010 Beaufo rt thr e e Centu ry ProjeCt & histo riC Beaufo rt fo u ndatio n : Arch itect u re & Neig hborhood Design s Expositio n: Submittal p|3
  4. 4. Growing Local Plan Concepts Localism : Businesses, Buildings & Food Social Activity : Create a Reaso n for Visiting Blad en Street In the Plan Growing Physically in in In the Plan a Manner that Protects the Encou rag e Interactio n By Maintained Exis ting Block Struct u re Created a h ierarchy of Public Spaces Exis ting Character of the Creating Usa ble Public Space from the Lar g e Agricult u ral Plaza Place Specified a series of Live-Work and to small, interior block semi-public Create Friendly, Multi-Modal Sho pfro nt Units alo ng Blad en Street Growing Locally Owned spaces Streets Businesses Integrate a Series of Created an Agricult u ral Plaza as a Specified s treets to accommodate Neig hborhood Focal Point Different Spaces for a Variety Creating a Nou risha ble Place motor veh icles, bikes, and peo ple of Activities that can Grow its Own Food Charter of the New Urbanism Sustainability : Create Blad en Street Eco n omic De velo pment Associatio n as an The Block, The Street & 1. A primary task of all u rban arch itect u re and landscape d esign is the physical d e finitio n of s treets and public spaces as places of shared use. The Building 2. Individual arch itect u ral projects should be sea mlessly linked to their Incubator for Local Businesses su rroundings. Th is issue tran scends s tyle. In the Plan The text at right is taken from the Charter of the New Urbanism, 3. The re vitalizatio n of u rban places d epends o n safety and secu rity. The d esign of s treets and b uildings should reinforce safe enviro nments, b ut n ot Sus tain Land Values by a document that outlines the at the expen se of accessibility and o penness. Infilled Exis ting Blocks with new goals for the Congress for the New allowing for Flexible Land Urbanism (CNU). Brown Design Studio 4. In the co ntemporary metro polis, d e velo pment mus t ad equately accommodate automobiles. It should do so in ways that respect the ped es trian and the units, both resid ential & mixed use Use & Strategic Public Real m is a member of the CNU and adheres form of public space. to its principles in all levels of 5. Streets and squares should be safe, comforta ble, and interes ting to Allowed for a market to anchor Inves tment design. the ped es trian. Pro perly co nfigu red, they encou rag e walking and ena ble neig hbor s to kn ow each other and protect their communities. Agricult u ral Plaza Creating a Hub for Food/Craft The Charter is broken up into 3 6. Arch itect u re and landscape d esign should grow from local climate, to pography, h is tory, and b uilding practice. scales: Based Businesses to Incubate as The region: Metropolis, City, and town 7. Civic b uildings and public gathering places require important sites to reinforce community id entity and the cult u re of d emocracy. They d eserve Designed with Building Form rather a Result of Inves tment in the The neighborhood, the district, and dis tinctive form, because their role is different from that of other b uildings and places that co n s tit ute the fa bric of the city. that Building Use to allow plan to Market the corridor 8. All b uildings should provid e their inha bitants with a clear sen se of adapt to eco n omy over time The block, the street and the locatio n, weather and time. Nat u ral methods of heating and cooling can be more resou rce-e fficient than mechanical sys tems. Increase Po pulatio n Base building 9. Preservatio n and renewal of h is toric b uildings, dis tricts, and landscapes affirm the co ntinuity and e v olutio n of u rban society. Beaufo rt thr e e Centu ry ProjeCt & histo riC Beaufo rt fo u ndatio n : Beaufort, SC October 2010 Arch itect u re & Neig hborhood Design s Expositio n: Submittal p|4
  5. 5. A Neighborhood Plan for Bladen Street Public Real m Creatio n of Civic Value Public Spaces Open Space Public Semi-Public Streets Passive Streets Civic Buildings Semi-Public Spaces Private Gifts to the Street The Agricult u ral Plaza is a focal point for the neig hborhood. It co n sis ts of a community gard en & farmer's market area. A grocery s tore anchor s the n orth eas t corner. Beaufort, SC October 2010 Beaufo rt thr e e Centu ry ProjeCt & histo riC Beaufo rt fo u ndatio n : Arch itect u re & Neig hborhood Design s Expositio n: Submittal p|5
  6. 6. Growing Local Diver sity A Place For Everyo ne Accommodate Peo ple of All Ag es & Income Le vels Dwelling Type Large Residence Small Residence Commercial Component Civic Buildings Accommodate Many Types of Fa milies Accommodate Many Types of Businesses Allow Growth & Chang e A mixt u re of unit types are wh ile Remaining in the arrang ed with in th is o ne block, including: houses, live-works, Neig hborhood attached houses & carriag e houses. Beaufo rt thr e e Centu ry ProjeCt & histo riC Beaufo rt fo u ndatio n : Beaufort, SC October 2010 Arch itect u re & Neig hborhood Design s Expositio n: Submittal p|6
  7. 7. A Neighborhood Plan for Bladen Street Accessibility Multiple Ways to Get Around Allow Diver se Mod es of Tran sportatio n: Walking, Bikes, C ar s, Busses Accommodate Service & Fire in a Reaso na ble Manner Create Healthy The typical s treetscape in Communities that th is neig hborhood should be encou rag e physical comforta ble for walker s, biker s and car s. On-s treet parking activity provid es a b uffer between peo ple and car s. Beaufort, SC October 2010 Beaufo rt thr e e Centu ry ProjeCt & histo riC Beaufo rt fo u ndatio n : Arch itect u re & Neig hborhood Design s Expositio n: Submittal p|7
  8. 8. Growing Local Co ntext Grow With in Beaufort's Exis ting Urban Fa bric Co nnect to the Exis ting Boundary St. Bellamy Curve Neig hborhood 5 min. walk Figure-Ground Existing Ribaut Rd. Use His toric Character New as Starting Point DN A 10 min. walk BOUNDA BOUNDARY ST BOUNDA BOUNDARY ST UNDARY UNDA NDA ND Beaufort Historic Preservation Preservati Plan Update - Contributing Bldgs. B Bladen St. Beaufort, South Carolina Be Sen sitive to the Neighborhood Exis ting Uses Downtown Beaufort Old Commons Grow Appro priately Northwest Quadrant According to Positio n in the Regio n The Point The Bluff EN EN Legend gend Contributing Building Downtown Non-Contributing Building Beaufo rt thr e e Centu ry ProjeCt & histo riC Beaufo rt fo u ndatio n : Beaufort, SC October 2010 Arch itect u re & Neig hborhood Design s Expositio n: Submittal p|8 SEA IS A A L N A
  9. 9. A Neighborhood Plan for Bladen Street Flexibility The Ability to Adapt Buildings Chang e in Existing Buildings Many Ways Over Time: Size, Use, Spatial Phasing Existing Phase 1 De finitio n Phase 2 Blocks C an Infill Gradually Phase 1: Infill the edges of the block Multiple and Diver se Spaces and Buildings Phase 2: Infill the middle of the block Beaufort, SC October 2010 Beaufo rt thr e e Centu ry ProjeCt & histo riC Beaufo rt fo u ndatio n : Arch itect u re & Neig hborhood Design s Expositio n: Submittal p|9
  10. 10. Growing Local Formal Typologies Simple, Clear Forms Cottage allow Block Rhythm House Unit Types & Heirarchy House Cottage Carriage House Blocks & Spaces should Attached House Live-Work be De fined by Building Shopfront Civic Buildings Forms wh ich have a Root in the Regio n: Attached House Carriage House eg. Charles to n Sid eyard, Beaufort "T" Forms should Take Correct Pro portio n for their Scale Create Healthy Shopfront Communities that Live-Work encou rag e physical activity Beaufo rt thr e e Centu ry ProjeCt & histo riC Beaufo rt fo u ndatio n : Beaufort, SC October 2010 Arch itect u re & Neig hborhood Design s Expositio n: Submittal p|10
  11. 11. A Neighborhood Plan for Bladen Street Secu rity Everyo ne Should Feel Safe Where They Live Eyes o n the Street: Porches, Windows, Alley Units De fined Spaces with Good Lig hting Boundaries: Fences, Walls The interior s of each block create safe places for ch ildren Peo ple-Activated Spaces and fa milies. The lanes and internal spaces have b uildings fro nting o n them to en su re they are closely watched. Beaufort, SC October 2010 Beaufo rt thr e e Centu ry ProjeCt & histo riC Beaufo rt fo u ndatio n : Arch itect u re & Neig hborhood Design s Expositio n: Submittal p|11
  12. 12. Growing Local Enviro nment Live in Harmo ny with the Local Climate Provid e Outdoor Rooms Environmental Landscaped with Local Responses Private Lot Species Porches/Shade Allow Buildings to Rotate to Address Sun & Wind Water: Run-off/ Th is typical lot shows a house oriented with a south or Retentio n/C apt u re wes t facing porch, an outdoor Building Form Designed space d e fined by the rear outb uilding, and a fountain to to Ventilate & Shad e capt u re rain water. Beaufo rt thr e e Centu ry ProjeCt & histo riC Beaufo rt fo u ndatio n : Beaufort, SC October 2010 Arch itect u re & Neig hborhood Design s Expositio n: Submittal p|12
  13. 13. A Neighborhood Plan for Bladen Street Food Agricultural Plaza Eat Locally E E F D Every Unit o n a Block should have the Ability C F to Produce & Acquire A B Local Food: F E Window Box, Roof F E E E Gard en, Kitchen Gard en, Communal Block Gard en, Neig hborhood Community Plaza Key Gard en, Farmer's Market A. Community Garden B. Market Square/parking C. Market Plaza D. Market Store E. Food/Craft-based Live-Work F. Incubator food-based retail Beaufort, SC October 2010 Beaufo rt thr e e Centu ry ProjeCt & histo riC Beaufo rt fo u ndatio n : Arch itect u re & Neig hborhood Design s Expositio n: Submittal p|13
  14. 14. Growing Local A Flexible House Form for Beaufort Design Co ncepts Public Realm . Diversity . Accessibility . Context . Flexibility . Formal Typologies . Security . Environment . Food Th is simple sid eyard house form is d esigned to fit sea mlessly into many neig hborhoods with in the City of Beaufort. As illus trated below, a variety of use s and com binatio n s of uses can be accommodated with in th is form. Th is allows the b uilding to be placed in a rang e of settings, from more u rban as a live work, to more ru ral as a duplex. Its incremental growth pattern also increases its flexibility. Th is b uilding is d esigned to spu r the local eco n omy as well. One owner can live o n the seco nd le vel and rent out the ground floor to gain supplemental income. It also provid es the neig hborhood with workforce housing and employment o pport unities. B A 50' Phase 1 Form 70' Phase 2 Form H I B G G Plan Key J F A. Public Realm : Plantings G. Semi-Public Outdoor Space / Sun Shading Porch B B A C B. Window Box H. 505 SF Work Space with A.D.A. Bath F C. Kitchen Garden I. 770 SF Live Space with 1 Bed & 1 Bath D E D. Private Courtyard Space J. Stair to upper unit : C E. Water Retention 928 SF Unit with 2 Bed & 2 Bath OR E F. Potential A.D.A Ramp 1,275 SF Unit with 3 Bed & 3 Bath October 2010 Beaufo rt thr e e Centu ry ProjeCt & histo riC Beaufo rt fo u ndatio n : Arch itect u re & Neig hborhood Design s Expositio n: Submittal p|15
  15. 15. Growing Local Flexibility & 50’ Unit 70’ Unit Evolution A 24' Wide Duplex in a House Form Optio n 1 Optio n 3 Ground Floor : Live 928 SF Unit Ground Floor : Live 1,275 SF Unit 2 Bed/2 Bath 3 Bed/3 Bath Optio n 2 Optio n 4 Ground Floor : Work 928 SF Unit Ground Floor : Work 505 SF Unit 1 A.D.A. Bath Live 770 SF Unit 1 Bed/1 Bath Seco nd Floor : Live 928 SF Unit Seco nd Floor : Live 1,275 SF Unit (w/ rear o ptio n) 2 Bed/2 Bath 3 Bed/3 Bath Beaufo rt thr e e Centu ry ProjeCt & histo riC Beaufo rt fo u ndatio n : October 2010 Arch itect u re & Neig hborhood Design s Expositio n: Submittal p|16
  16. 16. A Flexible House Form for Beaufort Public Real m Buildings are the Walls of Public Spaces Engag e the Street in an Appro priate Manner Give a Gift to the Street: Bench, Plantings, Foun- tain Semi-Private Porches or Outdoor Spaces Activate the Street The Public Real m occu r s in Private Gifts to the fro nt of a b uilding. Lovea ble places are created when care is Street given to that real m. October 2010 Beaufo rt thr e e Centu ry ProjeCt & histo riC Beaufo rt fo u ndatio n : Arch itect u re & Neig hborhood Design s Expositio n: Submittal p|17
  17. 17. Growing Local Diver sity Accommodate Multiple Living & 50-foot Unit : Ground Floor Plan : 928 SF Residence Working Lifes tyles Ancillary Buildings Provid e Afforda ble Units 70-foot Unit : Ground Floor Plan : 770 SF Residence Integrate the Multi- Generatio nal Fa mily Allow Expan sio n, Co ntractio n & Seco ndary 70-foot Unit : Ground Floor Plan : 1,275 SF Residence Income A Striking variety of resid ential units is possible with th is single plan, from 1 bedroom to 3 Bedroom Units. Beaufo rt thr e e Centu ry ProjeCt & histo riC Beaufo rt fo u ndatio n : October 2010 Arch itect u re & Neig hborhood Design s Expositio n: Submittal p|18
  18. 18. A Flexible House Form for Beaufort Accessibility Usa bility for A Everyo ne Ag e in Place Plan for A.D.A. Access from the Street B C Accommodate A.D.A. Res trooms in all Work Accessibility Key Spaces A. A.D.A Bath B. Ramp to Business Use Appro priately-sized C. Ramp to Residence Openings Th is unit has been d esigned to take into account accessibility, both in the work space, as well as the ground floor resid ence. October 2010 Beaufo rt thr e e Centu ry ProjeCt & histo riC Beaufo rt fo u ndatio n : Arch itect u re & Neig hborhood Design s Expositio n: Submittal p|19
  19. 19. Growing Local Co ntext Grow With in the Neigborhood's Exis ting DN A Co nnect to the Su rrounding Fa bric Build Using Local Materials & Techniques Und er s tand Building's Role: Foreground/ Background Buildings Should Be Th is unit is d esigned to fit Replica ble into the neig hborhood co ntext of Beaufort. It has multiple applicatio n s with in a block. Beaufo rt thr e e Centu ry ProjeCt & histo riC Beaufo rt fo u ndatio n : October 2010 Arch itect u re & Neig hborhood Design s Expositio n: Submittal p|20
  20. 20. A Flexible House Form for Beaufort Flexibility Phase 1: Build the first 50' unit. This can serve as The Ability to a Duplex or Live- Work at the onset. Adapt Use will Chang e Over Time Incremental Growth is Phase 2: Build the More Afforda ble rear 20'. This can be added to ground floor only, or to Buildings C an Chang e both levels. to Meet the Needs of the Eco n omy Wh ile Maintaining a Co n sis tent Form Th is b uilding can be b uilt incrementally. Functio nally, it can adapt to the market. October 2010 Beaufo rt thr e e Centu ry ProjeCt & histo riC Beaufo rt fo u ndatio n : Arch itect u re & Neig hborhood Design s Expositio n: Submittal p|21
  21. 21. Growing Local Formal Typologies Cottage Regio nal Forms House Exis t for a Reaso n Design Using Authentic Forms that Co n sid er: Attached House Carriage House Climate, Orientatio n, Wind, Sun & Ventilatio n Use Appro priate Pro portio n s & Massing Shopfront for the Form Live-Work Th is b uilding is a sid eyard House form. It is o ne of the typologies typical to the Lowcountry. Beaufo rt thr e e Centu ry ProjeCt & histo riC Beaufo rt fo u ndatio n : October 2010 Arch itect u re & Neig hborhood Design s Expositio n: Submittal p|22
  22. 22. A Flexible House Form for Beaufort Secu rity Everyo ne Should Feel Safe Where They Live Eyes o n the Street: Porches, Windows, Alley Units De fined Spaces with Good Lig hting Boundaries: Fences, Walls Boundaries between the Public Real m and the Private Real m Multiple Le vels of are very important to enhance a Activatio n sen se of secu rity. October 2010 Beaufo rt thr e e Centu ry ProjeCt & histo riC Beaufo rt fo u ndatio n : Arch itect u re & Neig hborhood Design s Expositio n: Submittal p|23
  23. 23. Growing Local Enviro nment Live in Harmo ny with the Local Climate Provid e Outdoor Rooms Landscaped with Local Species Use Taller Ceilings & Lar g er Windows for Ventilatio n Design Semi-Public Spaces that C an Co ntrol Indoor Climate: Porches, The creatio n of semi-public Galleries, Arcad es and private outdoor rooms and spaces makes it easy to live outdoor s. Beaufo rt thr e e Centu ry ProjeCt & histo riC Beaufo rt fo u ndatio n : October 2010 Arch itect u re & Neig hborhood Design s Expositio n: Submittal p|24
  24. 24. A Flexible House Form for Beaufort Food A Eat Locally A Design Multiple Spaces to Grow Food With in B A A a Lot C B Place Agricult u ral B Spaces Close to the Gardens Key Kitchen if possible A. Window Box B. Kitchen Garden C. Herb Garden A variety of ways to grow food have been incorporated into th is unit, from small window boxes, to lar g er planted spaces, both formal and informal. October 2010 Beaufo rt thr e e Centu ry ProjeCt & histo riC Beaufo rt fo u ndatio n : Arch itect u re & Neig hborhood Design s Expositio n: Submittal p|25

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