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Interactive Power Point on The French Revolution.

Interactive Power Point on The French Revolution.



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Project Desiree Brown Project Desiree Brown Presentation Transcript

  • Desiree Brown Ed. 205 Section 2
    • Section 1: Pre- Revolution
    • Section 2: The Revolution
    • Section 3: Post- Revolution
    • Resources
    • Author
    • Concept Map
  • Define: Absolute Monarchy A B C The king monopolizes power Free and equal citizens Shared power Quit
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  • Quit During the Revolution France was, temporarily, transformed from an absolute monarchy, where the king monopolized power, to a republic of “theoretically” free and equal citizens. Continue
  • Causes Cause #1: The Worsening Financial Condition of the Government Quit
  • Causes Cause #2: Economic Depression Quit
  • Causes Cause #3: New Ideas of the Enlightenment Movement Quit
  • What were the three major causes of the French Revolution? The Seven Years War, The French and Indian War, and The American Revolution Worsening Financial Condition of the Government, Economic Depression, and New Ideas of the Enlightenment Movement King Louis XVI, Economic Depression, and Taxation
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    • Cause #1: The Worsening Financial Condition of the Government
    • Cause #2: Economic Depression
    • Cause #3: New Ideas of the Enlightenment M ovement
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  • Define: bourgeoisie A B C Middle Class Upper Class Lower Class Quit
  • The bourgeoisie , or middle class. was believed to have overthrown the Old Regime because that regime had given power and privilege to other classes—the nobility and the clergy—who prevented the bourgeoisie from advancing socially and politically. Recently this interpretation has been replaced by one that relies less on social and economic factors and more on political ones. Economic recession in the 1770s may have frustrated some bourgeois in their rise to power and wealth, and rising bread prices just before the Revolution certainly increased discontent among workers and peasants. Yet it is now commonly believed that the revolutionary process started with a crisis in the French state. Quit Continue
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  • Watch the video below and then continue. Quit
  • Quit Watch the video below and then continue.
  • The French Revolution started in ______ 1709 1789 1799 Quit
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  • Who was this man? Napoleon Bonaparte Robespierre King Louis XVI Quit
  • Napoleon Bonaparte Robespierre Quit Continue
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  • What took place at The Palace of Versailles? Government leaders called a meeting of representatives of the three estates. This meeting was resided over by the king. Angry crowds of people stormed it, on July 14, 1789. Quit
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  • Quit Watch the video, again, and then continue to the next slide.
  • Click on each button to learn a little more about the three estates. The Clergy The First Estate The Nobles The Second Estate The Ordinary People The Third Estate Quit
  • The clergy had enjoyed extensive property rights and special privileges under the Old Regime and had long been a target of criticism. The National Assembly incorporated the church within the state, stripping clerics of their property and special rights. In return, the state assumed the large debts of the church and paid the clergy a salary. Dioceses were redrawn to correspond to departments. A presiding bishop would administer each diocese, with local priests beneath him. Since active citizens would elect the bishops and the priests, a Protestant, Jew, or atheist might be chosen to fill these positions. Finally, the Civil Constitution of the Clergy of 1790 required all priests and bishops to swear an oath of loyalty to the new order or face dismissal. Almost half the parish priests and bishops (called the refractory clergy ) refused to take the oath. This marked an important turn of events. Before the Civil Constitution, opposition to the Revolution had remained a scattered affair. It had been led by an ineffective group of high nobles called the émigrés , who had fled the country beginning in July 1789 and had been conspiring from abroad ever since. More than anything else, the Civil Constitution and the oath solidified resistance to the Revolution by giving the resistance a religious justification and publicly designating a group of influential individuals—the refractory clergy—as enemies of the new state. Quit Previous
  • The second estate of French society was made up of the nobility. These nobles lived on manors which they had inherited. The second estate consisted of about 2% of the total population, and owned about 25% of the total land in France. These nobles collected dues and rent from the peasants who lived on their lands. This endless source of income allowed them to live a lavish lifestyle. Quit Previous
  • Class of membership in the Estates-General, a national representative body in France before 1789. The third estate represented the commoners, those in neither the clergy nor nobility. Joined by others, the third estate defied the monarchy and declared itself a National Assembly in 1789, an important step toward the French Revolution. Quit Previous
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  • True or False The Legislative Assembly faced three challenges: severe economic troubles, Catholics strongly apposed the assembly, and the king had been secretly trying to obtain military support. True False Quit
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  • Watch the video again and then continue to the next slide. Quit
  • What is this object called? The Guillotine The Judas Cradle The Rack Quit
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  • Quit The guillotine was invented during the French Revolution for beheading people. Continue
  • What happened during the September Massacres? 1200 prisoners, many members of the clergy, were executed in their cells. The Battle of Valmy Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette were beheaded. Quit
  • Quit Continue 1200 prisoners, many members of the clergy, were executed in their cells.
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  • Define: The National Convention A The First Government of The French Revolution B The Second Government of The French Revolution C The Third Government of The French Revolution Quit
  • Quit The National Convention got rid of the monarchy and set up France’s first republic. Continue
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  • What is a Republic? Quit A political system in which a state is ruled by a monarch A nation run by the elected representatives of the people Government by a dictator, usually by force
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  • Quit Dictatorship: Government by a dictator, usually by force Monarchy: A political system in which a state is ruled by a monarch Continue
  • Quit Watch the fallowing video and then continue to the next slide.
  • King Louis XVI was beheaded on January 21, _____________ 1790 1795 1793 Quit
  • Quit King Louis XVI was executed on the on January 21, 1793 Continue
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  • Define: Revolutionary Tribunal Purpose was to try people accused of counter revolutionary activities Quit Purpose was to try revolutionaries
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  • Watch the video again and then continue to the next slide. Quit
  • Quit Who was this man? Napoleon Bonaparte Maximilian Robespierre King Louis XVI
  • Maximilien Robespierre (1758-1794), French lawyer and political leader, who became one of the most influential figures of the French Revolution and the principal exponent of the Reign of Terror. Quit Continue
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  • Watch the fallowing video and then continue to the next slide. Quit
  • Marie Antoinette was beheaded on January 21, __________ 1793 1794 1795 Quit
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  • Who was this man? King Louis XVI Napoleon Bonaparte Maximilian Robespierre Quit
  • Napoleon I (1769-1821), emperor of the French, whose imperial dictatorship ended the French Revolution(1789-1799) while consolidating the reforms it had brought about. One of the greatest military commanders of all time, he conquered much of Europe . Quit Continue
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  • What was The Directory? The First Government of The French Revolution The Fourth Government of The French Revolution The Sixth Government of The French Revolution Quit
  • Watch the video again and then continue to the next slide Quit
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  • The French Revolution ended in November _________ Quit 1799 1800 1798
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  • Watch the video again and continue to the next slide. Quit
  • Quit Pay close attention, extra credit questions pertaining to this video may appear on the test. Continue
  • The majority of Europeans and non-Europeans came to see the Revolution as much more than a bloody tragedy. These people were more impressed by what the Revolution accomplished than by what it failed to do. They recalled the Revolution’s abolition of serfdom, slavery, inherited privilege, and judicial torture; its experiments with democracy; and its opening of opportunities to those who, for reasons of social status or religion, had been traditionally excluded. One of the most important contributions of the French Revolution was to make revolution part of the world’s political tradition. The French Revolution continued to provide instruction for revolutionaries in the 19th and 20th centuries, as peoples in Europe and around the world sought to realize their different versions of freedom. Quit Continue
  • Along with offering lessons about liberty and democracy, the Revolution also promoted nationalism. Napoleon’s occupation provoked nationalist groups to organize in Italy and Germany. Also influential was the revolutionaries’ belief that a nation was not a group of royal subjects but a society of equal citizens. The fact that most European countries are or are becoming parliamentary democracies, along the lines set out by the French Revolution, suggests its enduring influence. Socially, the Revolution was also important. Once the ancient structure of privilege was smashed, it could not be pieced together again. The Revolution did not fundamentally alter the distribution of wealth, but that had not been the intention of most of the revolutionaries. Insofar as legal equality gradually became the norm in France and Europe, the revolutionaries succeeded. As for economic development, the Revolution probably hurt more than it helped. In the long term, the liberation of the economy from royal controls, the standardization of weights and measures, and the development of a uniform civil law code helped pave the way for the Industrial Revolution. But the disruptive effects of war on the French economy offset the positive effects of these changes. In terms of total output, the economy was probably set back a generation. Quit Continue
  • Make sure you understand what you just read because some of this information WILL show up on the test. Quit Previous Continue
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  • Print the chart and fill it in. You will be turning this in with your test, so do not lose it. Chart Quit
  • My name is Desiree Brown and I was born and raised in Harrietta Michigan, which is approximately forty five minutes south of Travers City. I graduated Salutatorian from Mesick High School, and will be a Sophomore, this fall, at Grand Valley State University. I am a social studies major, with a minor is physical education, and plan on teaching at the secondary level. It is my goal to graduate in four years, and hopefully get a job, soon after. I would like to teach at a small school, mostly because I attended one and really enjoyed the sense of community one finds in a small town. However, I know that teaching jobs can be hard to come by, so I’m willing to do what it takes, at first, to get my foot in the door. I’m excited about my future, and can’t wait to see were I’ll be in ten years. E-mail me anytime at: [email_address]