Mobile Computing Brian Brown Keith Heimbach KatheSantillo
Development of Mobile Computing Advances in mobile communications, which overflowed into mobile computing, began in the U.S. military. This wireless capability began as line of sight, increased throughout years as bandwidth and technology improved. Mobile computing doesn't need to be wireless, although most devices are wireless. Original handhelds could only be synced with a docking port or wired connection (USB). The rate of wireless networks have increased due to the increase in mobile computing devices and wireless ability (with wireless cards) Wireless capability has become a distinguishing element of mobile computing.
History of Mobile Computing Devices 1970's - Xerox researcher, Alan Kay came up with the idea for the Dynabook - first conceptual laptop. Not developed.1975 - first commercially available laptop, IBM 51001979 - GRiD Compass 1101. First with clamshell design. Popular with military and NASA; not successful commercially1982 - Epson HX-20; first laptop w/ all components (screen, keyboard, battery)1984 - Gavilon SC, first to be marketed as a laptop1989 - Macintosh Portable released (First Apple "luggable")1992 - Apple Newton PDA released 1996 – first Mp3 player, Listen Up, released by Audio Highway2001 - iPod released2002 - commercial tablet PCs released by Microsoft2003-2007 - Palm Treo, Blackberry (7290 & 8700), Dell Axim, Windows Mobile 2003 released2007 - iPhone released2007 - iPod Touch released2007 - Netbooks released2008 – Smartphones released
Properties of a Mobile Learning Device in an Educational Setting Personal – Each child has own Portable – Can be taken anywhere and is quickly available Multimodal - Can handle sound and video, text, spreadsheets, concept maps, animations, etc. Constructive - Accepts keyboard input to enable students to create, design, and build Mobile Modifications - can add educational software
FORMS “Smart” Phones Laptops Tablets/Convertibles Netbooks Mp3 Players PDAs Handheld Video Game Systems MIDs Feature Phones
Changes/Improvements Development of Mobile Processors Smaller computers Extended battery life Storage Megabyte to Terabyte Thumb drives replace floppy drives Power Extended battery life Operating Systems Windows 3.11 was the first to have built-in power management settings Mobile specific innovations Integrated pointing device Fully integrated wireless network adapters
Costs – Then and Now Early 1980s Osborne 1 (1981) - $1795 Executive (1982) $2495 Compaq Portable (1982) $3590 Grid Compass (1982) $8000 TRS-80 Model 100 Word Processor Only (1983) $499 Today Laptops: $400 - $1800+ Tablets/Convertibles: $500 - $1200+ Netbooks: $500 - $,1200+ Mp3 Players: $50 - $300 PDAs: $200 - $600 Handheld Video Game Systems: $150 - $250 MIDs (Mobile Internet Devices): $800 - $1,200+ Feature Phones: to $150 Smartphones: $50 - $200+
Cost Trends Computer Economics reported laptops would outnumber desktops by 2007 Laptop sales outnumbered desktop sales for the first time in May 2005 Handheld mobile devices have drastically come down in cost Iphone $599 when it was introduced $299 today Versions with less memory can be purchased for $99 - $199
Broadband Home Broadband Access Comcast $19.99 - $99.99 15mbps - 50mbps Verizon Fios $49.99 - $139.95 15mbps - 50mbps Wireless Plans Verizon Wireless USB Modems, PC Cards, ExpressCards, MiFi™ 2200, Notebooks or Netbooks $39.99 - $59.99 250MB - 5GB Mobile Broadband Connect $10 - $49.99 AT&T Wireless Data Connect 200MB -5GB $35 - $60
Who is using it and how? Health care In Africa the medical professionals are using mobile technology to remind patients to take medication patients can anonymously ask culturally taboo questions about things like aids Banking online banking system in Kenya which had 200,000 new customers in the first month and 1.6 million in the first year Politics President Obama took campaign contributions and announce his running mate using mobile technology News Media Many incidents , such as 2008 terrorist attack on Mumbai, are first reported by cell phone cameras, CNN refers to these as I-Reports Education One to One computing, with Laptop purchasing programs and many others pushing projects using Personal digital assistants, Cell phones, and Net books.
Who is using it and how? Nearly all professionals , White or Blue Collar, have some use for Mobile technology One of the largest growing numbers of users or Mobile technology is school age children who are being labeled the M- Generation (M- meaning mobile and multitasking)
Is Mobile Technology Successful? Ask most districts who use mobile technology and they will emphatically say “Yes” There is a growing number of school districts who agree. The truth is that the technology is still new and evolving in form and use. There is a shortage of true data reporting to confirm success, but existing data suggest it is very positive and it is growing.
Good return on investment? Cell phones and PDAs range in price from free to $250 Laptops, Net books, and tablets range from $400 to $1800 At a few ounces to about 3 lbs devices are truly mobile allowing for anytime, any where learning Most students have preexisting experience with these devices. Therefore there is a minimal learning curve Mobile devices , when used for education, Are generally less expensive More mobile and therefore more usable with variety of learning experiences Possess a majority of the same application and programs as traditional Desktops Plus, built in applications such as voice recording, video, Wi-Fi connectivity, and the advantage of preexisting experience of use by the students
Where does it stand today? Modern mobile technology is a way of life today. Today’s students are often referred to as the Mobile generation or M- Generation. Starting as a military concept, modern communication and media has fully embraced the concept and is taking full advantage. Rare is the individual who does not have a cell phone, laptop or similar device to: Talk or text View media in some form Connect to the internet Use the productivity tools Play games Applications are growing everyday. We are really just beginning to see what the possibilities of mobile technology are.
Where does it stand today? “Just as Sesame Street helped transform television into a revolutionary tool for learning among young children four decades ago, advances in mobile technologies are showing enormous untapped educational potential for today’s generation” (Carl Shuler , Pockets of Potential)