Theme 2: Big History


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Theme 2: Big History

  1. 1. Big History <ul><li>Brooke Soto </li></ul><ul><li>History 140 </li></ul><ul><li>M. Arguello </li></ul>
  2. 2. peoples & empires <ul><li>What is the secret to a successful empire? </li></ul><ul><li>It is explained by Anthony Pagden, a successful empire is having the motives to spread different ideas around the world. These ideas is what spurs different cultural and technological renovations. Expansion of empires is due to diversity. Diversity in many facets of culture, language, and trade. </li></ul><ul><li>What drives people to warfare? </li></ul><ul><li>Power is everything in an empire. Warfare causes the destruction that will eventually lead to colonization. The supreme authority in an empire is who has the power. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Peoples & Empires <ul><li>Trading seen as the key to the future. </li></ul><ul><li>Powerful European nation realized control of the seas was possible over domination of land and people. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Many were also convinced that commerce was the only means to put an end to international conflict” (87). </li></ul>
  4. 4. Peoples & Empires <ul><li>Alexander the Great </li></ul><ul><li>Considered first world conqueror </li></ul><ul><li>Ruler of Macedonia </li></ul><ul><li>He destroyed the Achaemenid Persian Empire </li></ul><ul><li>He cut the Gordian Knot, which symbolized he was now the ruler of Asia. </li></ul><ul><li>He died at age 33. </li></ul>
  5. 5. guns, germs, & steel <ul><li>Jared Diamond’s goes into depth about how our history created where we are today. </li></ul><ul><li>Europeans and Asians control most of the world instead of Africans, Native Americans, and others. </li></ul><ul><li>This is due to the abundance of plants, animals, crops, and technology. They hold 32/56 wild grasses, 13/14 animals (most important: cow, goat, pig, sheep). </li></ul><ul><li>Crops come from 12 species: banana, barley, corn, manioc, potato, rice, sorghum, soybean, sugar beet, sugarcane, sweet potato, & wheat. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Guns, germs, & Steel <ul><li>Four sets of continental differences </li></ul><ul><li>1. Wild plant & animal species - food production critical </li></ul><ul><li>2. Rates of diffusion & migration - movement of crops & livestock depended on climate and latitude. Lack of technological innovations </li></ul><ul><li>3. Diffusion between continents - Local domesticates fuse technological advances. Some continents were more isolated and were not involved in these advances. </li></ul><ul><li>4. Area & population size - Larger area led to more potential inventors, competitive society. </li></ul>
  7. 7. guns, germs, & steel <ul><li>European disease wiped out 95% </li></ul><ul><li>Originated in domesticated animals </li></ul><ul><li>Measles, smallpox, & tuberculosis came from cattle </li></ul><ul><li>Flu from pigs & ducks </li></ul><ul><li>Whooping cough from pigs & dogs </li></ul>
  8. 8. Origins & Nature of new world slavery <ul><li>Chattel Slavery: older than first written human records. </li></ul><ul><li>Extended from medieval Koreans to Pacific North Western Indians, from Aztecs to Brazil, to ethnic groups like the Ashanti, Mende, Dahomeans, Igho, & Taureg. </li></ul><ul><li>Slaves Subject to cannibalism & sacrifice. </li></ul><ul><li>Dehumanized by being stripped naked, driven like cattle, & sold like livestock. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Origins & Nature of new world slavery <ul><li>In new testament, Paul tells Titus, “Tell slaves to be submissive to their masters and to give complete & perfect fidelity.” </li></ul><ul><li>Religion of Judaism, Christianity, and Islamic emerged during the time when slavery was accepted as human warfare. These three religions tried to regulate and improve slavery. </li></ul>