Britain & Latin America• George Canning: British Foreign Secretary• Canning wanted to expand Britain’s economic interest during the Latin American wars of independence.• It took more than 200 years of attempts by privateers, merchants, and ministers, to break into the Spanish & Portuguese empires.• Fighting Latin America cause a great deal of dramatic events such as investing money into younger governments and mining stocks.• These decisions led to ﬁnancial crisis.• Brazil never neglected to pay their debt and their trade remained healthy when other countries collapsed.
Mirrors of the Heart• This documentary examines the issue of race in Latin America & how it interacts with gender, class, occupation, and family.• Latin American identity has been affected by many things such as urbanization, changing occupations, the media, & consumer culture.• From civilizations being overthrown by Europeans & the importing African slaves, the impact on these countries was like never before.• Three different countries share the identity crisis: Bolivia, Haiti, & the Dominican Republic.
Mirrors of the Heart Identity Crisis• For people of all colors, races, & ethnicities, culture and identity are seen as neither ﬁxed nor unchanging.• There are many factors that play into the role of an individuals identity.• These factors are age, sex, occupation, class, family, religion, political afﬁliation, and living area.• There are different interpretations as to whether people call themselves Aymara, black, mulatto, ladino, or any other Latin American or Caribbean name.
Mirrors of the Heart Bolivia• The Spanish ended up taking over the Incan empire & treated the local people as they wished.• Indians were enslaved to work in mines or ﬁelds subject to horrendous conditions.• Finally, after the revolution, changes started happening.• The changes allowed for the indigenous people to be treated right.• They were given the right to become citizens & to vote.• The reigning theme of these Latin American countries is mistreatment and slavery due to racial issues.
The Second World Chapter 14• Solid American relations with Latin America could mean substantial energy & self-sufﬁciency in the Western hemisphere, & independence from turbulent Eurasia.• Latin America has always been caught in other countries imperial bubbles.• The Cold war last for thirty years between Latin America left & Latin America right.• Latin American leaders started to unite in 1970s under the NIEO (New International Economic Order).• This movement demanded greater gains from raw material exports & increased foreign aid.• China represented a new way of doing business out of America’s codes & regulations.
The Second World Chapter 15 • Mexico had helped & hurt the U.S. • North American Free Trade Agreement was symbolic of the increase for Mexico to become a 1st world country. • Yet, it became a 3rd world country instead. • The increase in job loss within factories, businesses, & assembly plants, also increased illegal immigration to the U.S.
The Second World Chapter 18• Brazil is considered to be the United States of South of America.• Its size alone makes it the continents natural leader.• Brazil’s global role is based on environmental resources & its massive economy.• It stands as a magnet, attracting labor & investment.• It is the world’s largest exporter of beef, oranges, sugar, coffee, poultry, pork, & soy.• Over 80% of the continents 500 companies are Brazilian.• It has taken three revolutions for Brazil to become Latin America’s great power.• Brazil is the country where 1st & 3rd world’s most visibly coexist.
The Second World Chapter 19• Globalization has labeled Argentina an emerging market prone to vicious cycles like liberalization of enterprise, booming investment, rapid growth, failed rescue packages, & economic & political unraveling.• Argentina has become a geopolitical welfare case that can’t stand on its own two feet.• Few people are willing to risk investing in this country due to its stature.• Brazil & Argentina have been past rivals, yet now they co-produce most of the automobiles they export.• Argentina envies Chile because it is the region’s most vibrant economy.• Child is the only country that stands a chance in joining the 1st world.
Shakira• Colombian singer, songwriter, musician, record producer, dancer, & philanthropist• Born & raised in Colombia• Her genre of music is Latin pop, pop rock, dance, world, and electronic.• Latin & Middle Eastern inﬂuences her music with her own original twist on belly dancing• Shakira is a native spanish speaker & speaks ﬂuent english & Poruguese as well as some Italian, French, & Arabic.• She has won 2 Grammy awards, 7 Latin Grammy awards, 12 Billboard Latin Music awards, & has been Golden Globe nominated.
Salma Hayek • One of the most prominent Mexican ﬁgures in Hollywood • Born in Veracruz, Mexico • She is a Mexican actress, director, & producer • Hayek ﬁnalized negotiations with MGM to become to CEO of her own Latin themed ﬁlm production company, Ventanarosa. • She was featured in a series of Spanish language commercials for Lincoln cars. • She is married to a French billionaire & has a daughter named Valentina. • A few of her most popular movies are Fools Rush In, Frida, Bandidas, Spy Kids, Across the Universe, and Grown Ups.