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Ap european history final project


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Short project on torture …

Short project on torture

Published in: Health & Medicine, Technology

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  • 1. Torture Danny Lee
  • 2. Types of Torture  Physical  Psychological “...any act by which severe pain or suffering, whether physical or mental, is intentionally inflicted on a person for such purposes as obtaining from him, or a third person, information or a confession, punishing him for an act he or a third person has committed or is suspected of having committed, or intimidating or coercing him or a third person, or for any reason based on discrimination of any kind, when such pain or suffering is inflicted by or at the instigation of or with the consent or acquiescence of a public official or other person acting in an official capacity. It does not include pain or suffering arising only from, inherent in, or incidental to, lawful sanctions.” -UN Convention Against Torture
  • 3. Psychological Torture Methods  Blackmail  Shaming and public humiliation  Shunning  Exploitation of phobias  Being subjected to interrogation for long periods  Extended sleep deprivation  Extended solitary confinement  Partial or total sensory deprivation  Threat of permanent, severe disfigurement  Pharmacological torture (use of chemicals)
  • 4. Physical Torture Methods  Beatings and physical violence  Binding/contortion  Blinding with light  Boiling  Bone breaking  Branding  Burning  Castration  Choking/Strangling  Crucifixion  Crushing
  • 5. Physical Torture Methods, Continued  Cutting  Denailing  Disfigurement  Drowning, see also dry drowning  Dunking  Electric shock torture  Tooth extraction  Flagellation  Flaying  Foot roasting  Foot whipping  Force-feeding
  • 6. Physical Torture Methods, Continued  Garrotting  Genital mutilation/forced circumcision  Glasgow smile  Hamstringing  Hanging, drawing and quartering  Impaling  Kneecapping  Keelhauling  Limb/finger removal  Mancuerda  Oxygen deprivation  Picquet  Pitchcapping
  • 7. Physical Torture Methods, Continued  Pressure points  Rats  Riding the Rail  Sawing  Sexual assault  Scalping  Scaphism  Sensory deprivation  Sleep deprivation  Sound  Starvation
  • 8. Physical Torture Methods, Continued  Strappado/squassation  Stress positions  Ta'liq (torture) hanging from a metal bar.  Tarring and feathering  Tickle torture  Water cure  Water torture  Waterboarding
  • 9. Glasgow Smile (also called Anna grin, Chelsea grin, Chelsea smile)  Involves the cutting of a victim’s face from the edges of the mouth to the ears.
  • 10. Crushing/Pressing  Use of stones (Aztecs, English) and elephants (Southeast Asia, Romans, Carthaginians)  Giles Corey – Salem Witch Trials
  • 11. Denailing  Removal of fingernails and toenails via pliers, needles, crude metal tools, wooden skewers dipped in sulfur
  • 12. Garroting  Strangling of a victim using a rope, fishing lines, chains, wire, etc  Catalan garrote  Was used as late as 1940’s in Spain
  • 13. Hamstringing  Cutting of tendons behind the legs to permanently cripple the victim
  • 14. Rat Torture  Use of rats to attack and eat a victim alive  Tower of London – Rats’ Dungeon
  • 15. Strappado/Squassation  Also known as “reverse hanging”  3 variants  Still used today  Machiavelli?
  • 16. Flaying  Also known as skinning.  Used by Assyrians, and medieval Europeans.  2 types: flaying alive, flaying after death. Michelangelo’s “Last Judgement” Titian’s “The Flaying of Marsyas”
  • 17. Tools of Witchcraft Torture
  • 18. Tools of Witchcraft Torture, Continued Thumbscrews The Rack