Digital Photography

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Digital Photography

  1. 1. Digital Photography I Took The Picture – Now What?
  2. 2. The Digital Process <ul><li>Capture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Shoot the pictures with a digital camera </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scan pictures on a flatbed scanner </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Have film, slides, or negatives transferred to a CD </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Copy a picture from the Internet or other file </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Transfer </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Upload the pictures to a computer via the camera or a card reader </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Edit </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Crop, correct or enhance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Insert the photos into a document </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Share </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Print or share the photos electronically </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Backup the photos to a CD, flash drive, or external hard drive </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Capturing the Picture Picture Taking Tips
  4. 4. Press, hold, then shoot <ul><li>The correct shooting method for most digital cameras: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hold the shutter button halfway down to lock the auto focus and exposure. You will probably see a green light or hear a beep indicating the cameras is ready to take the picture. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Press the shutter button the rest of the way down to take the picture. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Viewfinder or LCD Display <ul><li>LCD can be difficult to see in bright light </li></ul><ul><li>LCD displays take more battery power </li></ul><ul><li>You can experience camera shake – because you are holding the camera away from your torso </li></ul><ul><li>Many cameras allow you to turn LCD on or off – or to dim the backlight </li></ul><ul><li>To clean your LCD display, instead of using a lens cloth, try using a couple pieces of scotch tape. Place the tape over the LCD and lightly press it completely on the LCD. When you pull it off, the fingerprints will come off with the tape. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Top Ten Tips <ul><li>Get Down On Their Level </li></ul><ul><li>Use a Plain Background </li></ul><ul><li>Use Flash Outdoors </li></ul><ul><li>Move In Close </li></ul><ul><li>Take Some Vertical Pictures </li></ul><ul><li>Lock The Focus </li></ul><ul><li>Move It From the Middle </li></ul><ul><li>Know Your Flash’s Range </li></ul><ul><li>Watch the Light </li></ul><ul><li>Be A Picture Director </li></ul>
  7. 7. Flash <ul><li>Your flash button will often look like a lightning bolt </li></ul><ul><li>When do you use a flash? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Experiment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Only effective up to 10-12 feet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Try using flash on a bright sunny day to even out shadows (fill flash) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In low light, be careful – flash can wash out colors, reflect a bright light, etc. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Macro feature <ul><li>Often designated by a flower with the appearance of a tulip. </li></ul><ul><li>It will allow the camera to focus on an object that is VERY close to the lens – as close as .5 inches. </li></ul><ul><li>Useful for capturing detail on small objects </li></ul><ul><li>If using macro feature, be sure zoom is set all the way to wide angle. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Shooting Modes/Scene Modes <ul><li>Digital cameras offer a variety of useful modes, which are optimized for specific scenes and photographic conditions. </li></ul><ul><li>Scene modes are preprogrammed by the manufacturer to automatically give the best exposure and settings for each scene. </li></ul><ul><li>When selected, a scene mode can often give better results than shooting in fully automatic mode. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Common Shooting/Scene Modes <ul><li>Auto/Simple </li></ul><ul><li>Backlight </li></ul><ul><li>Beach </li></ul><ul><li>Behind Glass </li></ul><ul><li>Burst </li></ul><ul><li>Candle </li></ul><ul><li>Cuisine </li></ul><ul><li>Documents </li></ul><ul><li>Fireworks </li></ul><ul><li>Indoor </li></ul><ul><li>Landscape </li></ul><ul><li>Macro </li></ul><ul><li>Night Portrait </li></ul><ul><li>Night Scene </li></ul><ul><li>Party </li></ul><ul><li>Portrait </li></ul><ul><li>Self-Portrait </li></ul><ul><li>Smile </li></ul><ul><li>Sports </li></ul><ul><li>Sunset/Sunrise </li></ul>
  11. 11. Rule of Thirds <ul><li>Imagine there are lines dividing the image into thirds (both horizontally and vertically) </li></ul><ul><li>Frame your subject at one of the intersection points instead of in the center of the viewfinder. </li></ul><ul><li>On a computer, you can crop your centered image to help achieve the rule of thirds. </li></ul>
  12. 15. Framing <ul><li>Use foreground elements such as a tree branch, windows, doorways, etc. to frame your subject. </li></ul>
  13. 19. Visual Cropping <ul><li>Crop your photos visually before you take them. </li></ul><ul><li>Look into the corners of the viewfinder. Do you see things that shouldn’t be there? </li></ul><ul><li>You can remove, or crop, these elements simply by moving closer or zooming in. </li></ul><ul><li>Try different angles. </li></ul>
  14. 21. <ul><li>Come in tight </li></ul><ul><li>Fill the frame </li></ul>
  15. 22. Turn the camera sideways <ul><li>Lots of images fit better in a vertical format rather than a horizontal orientation. Get in the habit of turning your camera sideways to create a different composition. </li></ul>
  16. 23. Consider your angle of view <ul><li>Some of the most interesting photographs are those taken from a unique vantage point. </li></ul><ul><li>Get down to the level of the flowers before taking the picture; climb a tree to take a picture of a meadow. </li></ul><ul><li>Experiment and try different perspectives </li></ul>
  17. 27. Lines <ul><li>Draw the viewer’s eyes through the photo </li></ul><ul><li>A path, a row of telephone poles, a line of chairs, a fence line, etc. can serve as elements in a good photo. </li></ul>
  18. 30. Lighting <ul><li>Natural light provides some of the best light to shoot in. </li></ul><ul><li>Cloudy days reduce dramatic shadows and provide a more even lighting environment </li></ul><ul><li>Try to avoid shooting in the middle of the day – it can cause shadows and squinting </li></ul><ul><li>Ideally, put the sun on the side of the subject </li></ul><ul><li>Use flash fill to fill in the dark areas of your photo, i.e. if subject is in front of a window or the sun is behind the subject </li></ul><ul><li>Indoor lighting can vary, so adjust your white balance settings or use your Indoor scene mode </li></ul><ul><li>Try to diffuse or reflect your light source </li></ul><ul><li>Move your subject away from walls to eliminate “halo” shadows </li></ul>
  19. 31. Zoom <ul><li>Optical zoom vs. digital zoom </li></ul><ul><ul><li>There is no loss of quality in image when you use an optical zoom. Similar to binoculars, an optical zoom uses lenses to make the image appear closer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A digital zoom can result in loss of picture quality. It magnifies the pixels that make up the image </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Avoid using digital zoom where possible </li></ul>
  20. 32. Resolution <ul><li>The higher the number of pixels, the better the resolution. </li></ul><ul><li>The higher the resolution, the larger and higher quality prints you can make. </li></ul><ul><li>Higher quality pictures take up more space on your media card, but they will give you the best prints. </li></ul><ul><li>For best quality, you want to have 300 pixels per inch </li></ul><ul><li>So, for example, to print a 4 x 6 print at best quality, you would want to set your camera to a resolution of at least 1200 x 1800 or 2 MP </li></ul>
  21. 33. 4 x 6 2 x 3 .5 MP 640 x 480 6 x 8 3 x 4 1 MP 1280 x 960 8 x 10 4 x 5 2 MP 1600 x 1200 11 x 14 5 x 7 3 MP 2048 x 1536 13 x 17 6 x 8 5 MP 2560 x 1920 16 x 20 8 x 10 8 MP 3264 x 2448 150 ppi (Good) 300 ppi (Best) Megapixels 1 MP = 1024 pixels Resolution
  22. 34. Storage Card Capacity 512 256 128 64 32 16 8 MP 600 300 150 75 38 18 7 MP 640 320 160 80 40 20 6 MP 815 407 203 101 50 25 5 MP 1024 512 256 128 64 32 4 MP 1700 852 424 212 105 51 3 MP 2300 1135 567 283 140 70 2 MP 6000 2923 1460 730 363 180 1 MP 2 GB 1 GB 512 MB 256 MB 128 MB 64 MB
  23. 35. Transfer How to upload pictures to a computer of an online site
  24. 36. Connect camera to computer <ul><li>Make sure your camera is off </li></ul><ul><li>Connect the connector on the camera to the USB port on the computer using the USB cable provided by your camera manufacturer </li></ul><ul><li>If the camera does not turn on automatically, turn the camera on. </li></ul><ul><li>The computer should recognize the camera as a “Removable Disk” </li></ul>
  25. 37. Upload images to computer <ul><li>Create a folder on your computer using Windows Explorer </li></ul><ul><li>Using Windows Explorer, locate the camera (should be designated as a “removable disk”) </li></ul><ul><li>Select the pictures you’d like to transfer </li></ul><ul><li>Drag the pictures from the camera to the folder on your computer </li></ul>
  26. 38. Transfer pictures using a card reader <ul><li>If possible, use a card reader to transfer pictures from the storage card to the computer. This will save on your computer’s battery power </li></ul><ul><li>A card reader connects to your USB port on your computer and can stay connected to your computer. </li></ul><ul><li>Remove the memory card from the camera and insert it into the card reader </li></ul><ul><li>Using Windows Explorer, transfer the files from the memory card to a folder on your computer </li></ul>
  27. 39. Other Storage Options <ul><li>CDs </li></ul><ul><li>DVDs </li></ul><ul><li>Flash Drives </li></ul><ul><li>External Hard Drives </li></ul><ul><li>Online Storage Services </li></ul>
  28. 40. Naming Files <ul><li>The camera will automatically name the file something with no meaning – usually a combination of letters and numbers </li></ul><ul><li>Rename the photos in Windows Explorer </li></ul><ul><li>Select the picture you’d like to rename </li></ul><ul><li>Right click on the picture and select rename </li></ul><ul><li>If you have several pictures with the same subject matter (i.e. a trip to the zoo, a family reunion, etc.) you can quickly rename all of them at once. Windows will give them the same name followed by sequential numbering </li></ul>
  29. 41. Editing Photos <ul><li>Microsoft Picture Manager - free </li></ul><ul><li>Image Blender – Tech4Learning </li></ul><ul><li>Adobe Express – free </li></ul><ul><li>Adobe Photoshop Elements </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Educational pricing - $26.66 </li></ul></ul>
  30. 42. Basic Editing <ul><li>Crop </li></ul><ul><li>Resize </li></ul><ul><li>Brightness/Contrast </li></ul><ul><li>Filters </li></ul><ul><li>Effects </li></ul><ul><li>Red-Eye </li></ul>
  31. 43. Advanced Editing Tools <ul><li>Layers </li></ul><ul><li>Magic Wand </li></ul><ul><li>Clone Tool </li></ul>
  32. 44. Sharing Your Photos
  33. 45. Printing <ul><li>Use Windows Photo Printing Wizard </li></ul><ul><li>Print on photo paper </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Today's photo paper comes in many styles, weights, and photo finishes. You have a number of choices in finishes, including matte, glossy, and varying degrees of gloss, often referred to as semi-gloss or satin-gloss. Color prints tend to look best on a glossy finish paper, while black-and-white and sepia-tone photos look better on a matte finish because of its low contrast. </li></ul></ul>
  34. 46. Online Photo Printing Services <ul><li>Shutterfly </li></ul><ul><li>Snapfish </li></ul><ul><li>Cost-co, Walgreens, WalMart, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Image Station (Sony) </li></ul><ul><li>Kodak Easy Share Gallery </li></ul>
  35. 48. PowerPoint Album <ul><li>In PowerPoint, you can quickly create a photo album </li></ul><ul><li>On the Insert menu, point to Picture, and click New Photo Album </li></ul><ul><li>In the Photo Album dialog box, build your photo album presentation. </li></ul><ul><li>You can use the controls to insert pictures, a text box, preview, modify, or rearrange the pictures, adjust the layout of the pictures, and add captions </li></ul><ul><li>Click the Create button to create the photo album. </li></ul>
  36. 49. Photo Story <ul><li>Create slideshows using your digital photos. </li></ul><ul><li>Import pictures </li></ul><ul><li>Touch-up, crop, or rotate pictures. </li></ul><ul><li>Add special effects, motion, and transitions </li></ul><ul><li>Add music and your own voice narration. </li></ul><ul><li>Personalize with titles and captions. </li></ul><ul><li>Small file sizes make it easy to send your photo stories in an e-mail. Watch them on your TV, a computer, or a Windows Mobile–based portable device. </li></ul>
  37. 50. Picasa <ul><li>picasa.google.com </li></ul><ul><li>Free photo management software from Google that helps you find, edit, and share your pictures. </li></ul><ul><li>Once you start Picasa, it scans your hard drive to find and automatically organize all your pictures. </li></ul><ul><li>Basic Fixes: crop, straighten, red-eye, contrast, color, fill-light </li></ul><ul><li>Effects – Sharpen, Sepia, B & W, Tint </li></ul><ul><li>Captions </li></ul><ul><li>Web Album </li></ul>
  38. 51. Flickr <ul><li>Online photo management and sharing </li></ul><ul><li>Upload photos </li></ul><ul><li>Organize photos </li></ul><ul><li>Share photos </li></ul>
  39. 52. Hook up to a TV <ul><li>Use AV cables if provided to display pictures directly from the camera to the TV </li></ul>
  40. 53. Classroom Applications <ul><li>ABC Books – all subjects </li></ul><ul><li>Shapes All Around Us </li></ul><ul><li>Season Books </li></ul><ul><li>Autobiographies </li></ul><ul><li>Eye Spy Books </li></ul><ul><li>Parts of Speech </li></ul><ul><li>Step-by-Step </li></ul><ul><li>Growth Pictures – first day and last day </li></ul><ul><li>Math Pictionary </li></ul><ul><li>Virtual Tours </li></ul><ul><li>Time Lapse – rotting food, plant growth, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Newsletters </li></ul><ul><li>Cause and Effect Books </li></ul><ul><li>Scavenger Hunts </li></ul><ul><li>Create a handbook with staff photos for new students </li></ul><ul><li>Create a photographic handbook of classroom procedures </li></ul><ul><li>Year In Review </li></ul><ul><li>Record Special Events – field trips, open house, guest speakers, etc. </li></ul>

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