WHMISTRAININGWorkplace Hazard MaterialInformation System
OBJECTIVESAfter completion of this course, you should be able tounderstand:• How to determine the hazards associated with the product(s) that youare using?• How do you protect yourself?• Where do you go to get more information on this product?
INTRODUCTION TO WHMISEveryday thousands of workers are exposed to hazardous materials.Thereare many severe health problems that come with exposure to hazardousmaterials some of which include:• Burns• Allergic Reactions• Sterility• Lung and Kidney damage• Cancer• Heart Attacks.• Other dangers from hazardous materials can cause fires or explosions.
WHMIS STANDS FOR:• Workplace• Hazardous• Material• Information• System
WHAT IS WHMIS?WHMIS (Workplace Hazardous Material Information System)has been developed to provide specific health and safetyinformation on hazardous materials called controlled products.•WHMIS provides information about many controlledproducts used in the workplace with the goal to reduceinjuries and disease by laying out specific health and safetyprotocols about controlled products and therefore reducingexposure to hazardous materials in or around the workplace.
WHMIS CLASSIFICATIONS• The WHMIS system classifies hazards into 6 differentHazard Classes.• These hazard classes are depicted by 8 Hazard Symbols.• Hazard symbols are used to identify the specific hazardassociated with the controlled product.
• We are now going to take a closer look at the 6Classes and 8 symbols. HINT: Pay attention!
Class A: Compressed GasIt is important to know that these containerscannot be stored or placed near heat ordropped as this may cause the container toexplode.Examples of Class A – Compressed Gases would be: Propane, Oxygen andAcetylene.
Class B: Flammable and Combustible MaterialClass B is made up of solids, liquids and gases thatare capable of catching on fire by means of spark oropen flame in normal working conditions.Examples include: Butane, Gasoline or Acetone.
Class C: Oxidizing MaterialThe main hazard with these products is the risk offire when they come into contact with flammableor combustible materials.Examples include hydrogen peroxide or compressed oxygen.
Class D: Poisonous and Infectious Material• Class D is separated into 3 divisions as follows:D1: Materials causing immediate and serious toxic effects.These materials in small amounts can causeimmediate injuries or death to a person.Examples include: Hydrogen Sulphide or Sodium Cyanide.
D-2: Materials causing other toxic effects.These materials can cause serious long-termhealth problems and severe immediatereactions to the material over long periods oftime when being exposed to small amountsrepeatedly.
D-3: Biohazardous Infectious MaterialBiohazardous Infectious materials contain dangerousmicro-organisms that can be extremely harmful tohumans.Examples include hydrogen peroxide or compressed oxygen.
Class E: Corrosive MaterialCorrosive materials are acids and caustics that canburn and destroy skin or eat through metals.Examples Include: Hydrochloric acid or nitric acid.
Class F: Dangerously Reactive MaterialWhen exposed to temperature, pressure or shockthese material may explode. They also carry a riskof self-reacting or releasing poisonous gases whenexposed to water.Examples Include: Butadiene and some cyanides.
WHMIS LABELS• Another important part of theWHMIS system is the use of labels oncontrolled products.• There are 2 types of labels used in WHMIS• Supplier Labels• Workplace Labels• The purpose of WHMIS labels are to:• Alert the worker of any hazards with the controlled products.• Provide safe work procedures.• Inform the worker of First Aid information.
SUPPLIER LABELS• Any controlled product that is sold or used in the workplace must have asupplier label attached to the container. It is the supplier who produces orimports the controlled products that must comply to this WHMIS legislation.Example of supplierLabel for Methanol
WORKPLACE LABELSIt is the responsibility of the employer to supply workplace labels when necessary.•There are 3 types of information that must be written onworkplace labels:1.Product identifier.2.The specific handling requirements and the types of personal protectiveequipment (PPE) needed to handle the controlled product.3.Reference to MSDS.
WORKPLACE LABELS• When does a workplace label have to be used?• When the controlled product is transferred to a different or secondarycontainer that does not have a supplier label on it, or the supplier label is nolonger readable or missing.Example of aWorkplace label forAcetone.
MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEETS• An MSDS provides the following information:• Emergency and First Aid procedures• Specific hazard information• Safe handling procedures• Detailed information about health, safety, and hazards for each individual controlledproduct.• WHMIS legislation dictates what information needs to be on an MSDSand has stipulated 9 sections of information required.
THE 9 INFORMATION SECTIONS1. Product Information: Identifies the controlled product, themanufacturer and the supplier for its intended use. It will also showthe manufacturer and supplier contact information which is importantin case of emergency.2. Hazardous Ingredients: This section will list the specific chemicalnames, percentages and acute toxicity data for the individualcomponents that make up the controlled product.
3. Physical Data: Displays general information on the physical andchemical properties such as boiling points and evaporation rates.4. Fire and Explosion Hazard: Lists the conditions that can make thecontrolled product explode or ignite into flames.This section will alsolist procedures to follow if the product does explode or catch on fire.5. Reactivity Data: Lists other substances that should not be mixedwith the controlled product to prevent dangerous reactions.
6. Toxicological Properties: Identifies how the product enters thebody and the health effects from single or repeated exposure. It willalso state known long-term health damage such as kidney, liver, lung,cancer or reproductive effects.7. Preventative Measures: Lists what to do if there is a spill of thecontrolled product, types of personal protective equipment (PPE) touse and how to safely store, handle, transport and dispose of theproduct.8. First Aid Measures: If a worker is injured from inhaling, swallowingor absorption through the skin or eyes from the product, this sectionwill list specific instructions for immediate treatment.9. Preparation Information: Announces the date the MSDS weremade and who prepared it.
WHERE TO FIND MSDS’S• Each division manager at BUSU will maintain a binder with all necessaryMSDS for their department and keep it in an accessible location.• A Master MSDS binder for all controlled products found within BUSUwill be maintained and located at the reception desk.• MSDSs must be made available to workers on shift at all times.
PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT (PPE)• Specialized clothing or equipment worn by employees for protectionagainst health and safety hazards. Personal protective equipment isdesigned to protect many parts of the body including eyes, face, handsand feet.• Examples of PPE you may be required towear in the course of your employment atBUSU include Aprons, gloves, or safety glasses.
QUIZ TIME!!• Time to test your knowledge.• Click on the following link to complete your test.You mustget 70% or higher to pass.