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Big history Big history Presentation Transcript

  • BIG HISTORY
    By: Brittany Robb
  • Understanding Big History
    • The Concept of big history goes back hundreds of years. The best way to be able to be able to understand big history is to take any form of food and begin to question where it came from, how it was made, and the history of production behind the food.
    • David Christian explained this concept using coffee. He went back and explained where the coffee was made, how it was used for trade and how production and farming came about as the demand for coffee became more adamant.
    • This simple concept is the underlining
    Explanation to how Americans have grown and
    Evolved throughout the centuries.
    • Keeping the idea of big history on your mind
    You then begin to really absorb the other studies
    Once you have looked at the “foundation”.
  • The Day the Universe Changed
    • As a young species humans are constantly driven by curiosity, evolving and creating new things around them
    • This film’s main focus was the way we ask questions on society around us and are able to challenge old ways of doing and lean more towards new ways that are more modern
    • One of James Burke’s examples of change that I thought was extremely interesting was how in 1420 we discovered a new style of art that eventually evolved into the modern university degree.
    • It is intriguing to watch how the human species has evolved throughout the years and how some cultures like Buddhism that have chosen not to challenge life around them or ask questions because they find no reason to do so, thus resulting in their way of life and principles.
  • The Journey Of Man
    • Spencer Wells traveled all over the continent to find the descendants of our ancestors
    • Our biological history was traced through our DNA in blood that Wells called our “time machine”.
    • A single marker in a man’s DNA in India had provided information on the migration of our ancestors where previous evidence was never found.
    • Man was found to have migrated from Africa to Australia in the first migration but was then found to have migrated from Africa to East Asia in the second migration during the Ice Age.
  • The Journey Of Man Cont.
    • During Spencer Wells' travels he found that most of the Australian community preserved the history of their ancestors in stories pasted down during the generations.
    • I believe that researching the DNA all over the world where history information is needed to be proved is a great way to find evidence from the past. This movie proved that conclusion as Wells traveled all over inspecting the Y-chromosome.
    • One of the other interesting observations of video was how the Chukchi people were able to follow the reindeer as the deer migrated allowing a greater chance in survival in the harsh weather.
  • Catastrophe
    Catastrophe
    • This film focused on the major turnings of events in history
    • They started the research by evaluating tree rings that would show how the climate was year after year. If the ring size was large it meant that that year had a good weather condition compared to if the ring was small that meant there had been drought.
    • Through research, David Keys among other historians found that in 535 AD there was a huge volcano that erupted. With research they have determined that it most likely the Krakatoa volcano that caused such damage.
    • In 535 AD there was also a huge climate change due to the 18 months of dim light. This caused agriculture suffering. The plants were too frozen to grow, the animals were running out of food and the change in weather started severe sickness.
  • Catastrophe Cont.
    • This sickness was known as the Bubonic Plague. The Plague was spread from fleas who fed of rats and eventually moved to humans. This Plague turned into an epidemic causing the gut to clog which led to rashes on the body, temperature, mind loss, bleeding of the eyes and other gruesome symptoms that lead to ultimate death within three days.
    • During the devastating sickness that continued to spread, ½ million people died before the civilians stopped counting. This is a huge marker in human history because climate change can develop new diseases that could possibly occur in our current lives.
    • Another influential event was with the cold certain animals thrived better that others. Between cattle and horses the cattle were able to survive better because their digestive system was more efficient in breaking down food while horses were not as capable. This lead to the Turks being able to effortlessly defeat the Mongols since horses were the Mongols prime source of income while the Turks were able to live off the cattle.
  • Guns, Germs, and Steel
    • Jared Diamond discovered information on why the world is not equal in abundance of flourishing agriculture. Yali who was from New Guinea questioned that his people didn’t have a thriving agriculture like other societies. This was because New Guinea’s geography was never able to grow and farm agriculture as well to help their society.
    • Years ago when people discovered they could domesticate animals, they began to use their livestock to help them tend their farms or help carry valuables. This lead to being able to cover more land with farming that would later lead to more plants and produce during harvest time.
  • Guns, Germs, and Steel Cont.
    • Another great advantage that societies were able to use was sheds that could store food. This developed the idea of being able to live in one place at a time and establish society with a shed where food could be held.
    • When looking at what areas were able to thrive or not you have to consider location, wildlife, climate and vegetation. These four key factors are what contribute most to how a society will flourish in certain areas. When a country is upset that they are not able to grow as much as other countries you need to look at those four factors and then compare intellectual advances.
    • One noticeable fact is that European origin humans have dominated the world with being able to keep up the latest healthcare advances, military assemblies, and scientific discoveries like lethal microbes.
  • World and Trade
    • Christopher Columbus introduced many things to America. He introduced, spices, new animals, technology as well as disease.
    • Columbus decided to directly trade with China eliminating unnecessary costs from a merchant
    • Some of the major spices that explorers brought back to America that became very profitable was potatoes, coco, tea, and mocca. These items began to be used to gain profit in trade to other areas of the world that also did not grow these spices.
    • Items like the potato or tea and coffee were extremely popular for different reasons. The tea and coffee were profitable because they were able to use the caffeine from the herbs as a benefit in war and other hardships. The potato was profitable because it was easier to grow in extreme cold weather, didn’t spoil as fast and also was a filling vegetable to keep people from starvation
  • World and Trade Cont.
    • In the 14th century China had become the most dominant empire on the globe. One major reason was because China made gun powder, paper and silk material which the rest of the world was in demand for.
    • Trade continued from the Old World to the New World in many different forms. When Columbus brought horses and cattle over to the Americas he then lead the Native Americans to then have a more reliable source of transportation.
    • Even though the introduction of the new food, spice, cattle, and technology brought along disease and death to America, the world today would be vastly different without those supplies making all that has happened turn out for the greater good for society