What Copyright Entails
Restriction on copying and distributing
Limitation or prohibition of adapting a
work, like a book to a movie…
Protection against unauthorized
performance or public display of a
…without permission of the
author or estate representative.
What Determines Fair Use?
What are you using the material for?
For education For commentary/review
For parody For creating a new work
What is the nature of the material?
Research-based, nonfiction, or for purposes of
How much do you want to use?
Even if its only a small part, if it is the
“essence” of the work, that may not count as
What effect could your use have on the
work’s potential marketability or value?
Public Domain-Free to Use
Materials no longer protected by
copyright, or that never were, are
considered in the public domain
That means they are free and
available for any use, adaptation,
Includes anything made/published
before 1923 in the U.S., materials
dedicated to the public domain by the
creator, and materials where the
copyright is either expired or
“Creative Commons develops, supports, and stewards legal
and technical infrastructure that maximizes digital creativity,
Example license: CC BY-SA
◦ Called “Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International”
◦ Attribution: Must provide appropriate credit to
licensor/owner, link/information on license, and if any
changes were made to the work
◦ ShareAlike: If original is remixed, transformed, or built
upon, it must be distributed under same license
◦ May not apply an additional restrictions
Other terms or restrictions include no derivatives and/or no
Items can also be dedicated to the public domain through
Creative Commons, cont.
Creative Commons Search allows you to
find content to share, use, and remix in:
Google Images Flickr
Wikimedia Commons Jamendo
Open Clip Art Library Pixabay
Find it at
Finding More Content
Ibiblio – The public’s library and digital
Project Gutenberg – Ebooks
Mutopia Project – Sheet music
Getty Museum Open Content Program
Library Resources For You
Thrift Library Libguides:
◦ Public Domain – Provides links to where you can find audio files,
books, images, video, and more.
◦ Citing sources - Has citation guides for many different formats,
such as MLA, APA, NMA, and has information on the “how” and
“why” of citing.
◦ Copyright, Public Domain, and Licensing – Explains copyright,
how to avoid copyright infringements, and licensing materials.
◦ Plagiarism – Spells plagiarism out and how to best keep your
Thrift Library Databases:
◦ ARTstor – Images from art, architecture, maps, cultural objects,
◦ StreamlineSC – Videos for K-12 education. Call Thrift Library
for the passcode.
Copyright Advisory Network - http://librarycopyright.net
“Copyright and Fair Use” – From Stanford University Library
Fishman, S. (2008). The Public Domain : How to Find & Use
Copyright-free Writings, Music, Art & More. Berkeley, CA:
“Thinking Through Fair Use” – From University of Minnesota
A Fair(y) Use Tale
Source: Documentary Film Program at the Center for Internet and Society, Stanford Law School,