Election Of 1824lb


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8th grade US History information about the Election of 1824

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Election Of 1824lb

  1. 1.  John Quincy Adams  MA  Highly qualified but people found him cold and self important  Committed to internal improvements  Less strongly committed to tariffs  Very good friend of Clay
  2. 2.  Henry Clay  KY  Speaker of the House  People love him  Strength is compromise  Favored the National Bank, protective tariffs, and a national program for internal improvements - believed it would build the nation and economy
  3. 3.  William Crawford  GA  Congressman and Secretary of State  Radical Republicans – distrusted nationalism that developed during John Adams Presidency
  4. 4.  Andrew Jackson  TN  Hero of the Battle of New Orleans  Says he is the anti-politician  Wanted government to support the common man  No real platform
  5. 5.  Jackson had the most votes but not a majority of electoral votes  Clay got least votes  Crawford is dying and is out of the race  Clay tosses his votes to Adams it is said in exchange for the role job of Sec. of State  Jackson believes it is an example of the powerful controlling the government
  6. 6.  Democratic-Republican party splits  1. Democratic – Republican party supports Jackson and becomes the party of the common people  2. National Republican Party becomes a new party and is led by Adams
  7. 7.  Jackson says Adams is an aristocrat, upper class, spent to much money on national projects  Adams says Jackson is a barbarian and a savage, that he can barely spell his own name, and ruffian with a furious temper  Jackson wins with the support of urban eastern workers, farmers in the south and the west.
  8. 8.  Jackson “Old Hickory” as President  Believes the government should give equal protection and equal benefit for all people  Creates the “Spoils System” – fired everyone in the government and hired his friends. He believed the people in the government were corrupt and needed to be replaced.
  9. 9.  For the first time white men who did not own property were able to vote  Share croppers, factory workers and other were able to vote and the thought Jackson was their best bet for a voice in the government
  10. 10.  End of private party caucus – where a group of men when into a room and decided who the party would run for president.  Nominating conventions where delegates from each state vote for who will run for President replace it.
  11. 11.  Tariff of Abominations 1828  Tariff caused the price of foreign goods sold in the US to increase  Northern View Point: Made European goods more expensive and that made it possible for Northern manufacturing to make a profit.
  12. 12. Southern View Point The tariff makes the North more powerful and profitable while making goods more expensive in the South
  13. 13.  Jackson’s view point  Must not allow the tariff to break the country  The South is suggesting that they will Nullify (refuse the law) the law if it continues.  Jackson does not want the concept of Nullification to take hold in the country.
  14. 14. Jackson's VP (John C. Calhoun) to battle against the "Tariff of Abominations" and in 1828 he states that the Union was an agreement among sovereign states and therefore had the right to nullify any federal law
  15. 15.  Nullification Crisis – what if the South refuses to able the law and actually says it is not the law in the South  Jan. 1830 - Senator Daniel Webster counters Senator Haynes’s speech favoring nullification with a 2 day speech tying the Constitution and Union and Liberty
  16. 16.  Nullification Crises  Jackson and his Vice-President take different sides  Jackson (from the South) says the law must stand and Calhoun (from the South) says states have the right to decide for them selves if they follow the law.
  17. 17.  Jackson “ Our federal union must be preserved”  Calhoun “ The Union next to our liberty, most dear.”  Comprise is reacted but the North and South are working their way toward the Civil War
  18. 18.  Calhoun resigns and becomes a senator and Martin Van Burean becomes the VP  S. Carolina nullifies the tariff and threatened to secede  Jackson and Clay create a compromise of the tariff and S. Carolina backs down