Obesity Health Ms. Engel
What is obesity? <ul><li>BMI=Body Mass index </li></ul><ul><li>Is a measure of body fat based on height/weight </li></ul><...
BMI <ul><li>Interpretation: </li></ul><ul><li>under 18.5 = underweight </li></ul><ul><li>18.5-24 = normal weight </li></ul...
Who is obese? <ul><li>World-highest rates in North America & Western Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Diet high in animal products...
Obesity in the US <ul><li>USA-55% of adults overweight & 22% obese=97 million overweight/obese </li></ul><ul><li>30 diseas...
Obesity by Gender <ul><li>% of male and female about equal w/ women being slightly higher </li></ul><ul><li>Men are gettin...
Obesity by Age, Race & Education Level <ul><li>Age -most obese=50-59, next 40-49/60-69, next 30-39 & then 18-29 </li></ul>...
Obesity by Geographic Area <ul><li>States w/ highest levels=W. Virginia, Mississippi, Alabama, Alaska, Michigan, S. Caroli...
Obese Children <ul><li>1 in 5 children overweight </li></ul><ul><li># of overweight children ages 6-17 doubled in past 3 d...
Health Problems Associated w/ Obesity <ul><li>Arthritis Hypertension (High Blood Pressure) </li></ul><ul><li>Impaired Immu...
Causes of Obesity <ul><li>Genetics-some populations are predisposed to store fat </li></ul><ul><li>Altered diet=fast food,...
Causes cont. <ul><li>Decrease in physical activity= </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fewer PE classes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unsa...
Causes cont. <ul><li>Increase inactivity= </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sedentary jobs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cars </li></ul><...
Treatment for Obesity <ul><li>Goal setting </li></ul><ul><li>Dietary Therapy </li></ul><ul><li>Physical Activity </li></ul...
Prevention for You <ul><li>Eat 5 or more servings of fruits & vegetables a day </li></ul><ul><li>Drink fewer calories </li...
Prevention for Your Family & You <ul><li>Plan healthy meals that you must cook </li></ul><ul><li>Eat out less often </li><...
Prevention at School <ul><li>Take a PE class </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t drink soda </li></ul><ul><li>Pack healthy lunches & s...
In Your Community and Country <ul><li>Walk whenever you can </li></ul><ul><li>Make healthy choices </li></ul><ul><li>Vote ...
Obesity Discrimination <ul><li>Obese people: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Have a lower marriage rate Are hired for jobs less ofte...
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Obesity

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Obesity

  1. 1. Obesity Health Ms. Engel
  2. 2. What is obesity? <ul><li>BMI=Body Mass index </li></ul><ul><li>Is a measure of body fat based on height/weight </li></ul><ul><li>Calculate BMI </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Weight/height squared (in x in) x 704.5=BMI </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Example: (125lbs/65x65) x 704.5=20.8 </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. BMI <ul><li>Interpretation: </li></ul><ul><li>under 18.5 = underweight </li></ul><ul><li>18.5-24 = normal weight </li></ul><ul><li>25-30 = overweight </li></ul><ul><li>over 30 = obese </li></ul>
  4. 4. Who is obese? <ul><li>World-highest rates in North America & Western Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Diet high in animal products & processed foods </li></ul><ul><li>Wealthy and food is plentiful </li></ul><ul><li>Sedentary lifestyle </li></ul><ul><li>Urban </li></ul>
  5. 5. Obesity in the US <ul><li>USA-55% of adults overweight & 22% obese=97 million overweight/obese </li></ul><ul><li>30 diseases & disorders associated w/ obesity </li></ul><ul><li>Straining the health care system </li></ul>
  6. 6. Obesity by Gender <ul><li>% of male and female about equal w/ women being slightly higher </li></ul><ul><li>Men are getting heavier at a faster rate than women though </li></ul>
  7. 7. Obesity by Age, Race & Education Level <ul><li>Age -most obese=50-59, next 40-49/60-69, next 30-39 & then 18-29 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Group that is getting heaviest, fastest=18-29 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Racial groups from most to least obese=Black, Hispanic, Native Am, White then Asian </li></ul><ul><li>Education =not completed HS highest with advanced college degree least </li></ul>
  8. 8. Obesity by Geographic Area <ul><li>States w/ highest levels=W. Virginia, Mississippi, Alabama, Alaska, Michigan, S. Carolina and Florida </li></ul><ul><ul><li>20% of population obese </li></ul></ul><ul><li>States w/ lowest=Arizona, Mass, Colorado, Vermont, New Hampshire, Montana & New Mexico </li></ul><ul><li>Why? </li></ul>
  9. 9. Obese Children <ul><li>1 in 5 children overweight </li></ul><ul><li># of overweight children ages 6-17 doubled in past 3 decades </li></ul><ul><li>Patterns of obesity for race, gender, geographical area, etc.=same for children </li></ul>
  10. 10. Health Problems Associated w/ Obesity <ul><li>Arthritis Hypertension (High Blood Pressure) </li></ul><ul><li>Impaired Immune Response Birth Defects </li></ul><ul><li>Impaired Respiratory Function Cancers </li></ul><ul><li>Infections Cardiovascular Disease </li></ul><ul><li>Infertility Carpal Tunnel Syndrome </li></ul><ul><li>Liver Disease Chronic Venous Insufficiency </li></ul><ul><li>Low Back Pain Daytime Sleepiness </li></ul><ul><li>Obstetric/Gynecological Complications Deep Vein Thrombosis </li></ul><ul><li>Pain End Stage Renal Disease Kidneys) Gallbladder Disease Diabetes </li></ul><ul><li>Pancreatitis Gout </li></ul><ul><li>Heat Disorders Urinary Stress Incontinence </li></ul><ul><li>Sleep Apnea Surgical Complications </li></ul><ul><li>Stroke </li></ul><ul><li>Other </li></ul>
  11. 11. Causes of Obesity <ul><li>Genetics-some populations are predisposed to store fat </li></ul><ul><li>Altered diet=fast food, microwave, soda, snack foods, increase in portions </li></ul>
  12. 12. Causes cont. <ul><li>Decrease in physical activity= </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fewer PE classes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unsafe neighborhoods </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Community structure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Materialism </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Causes cont. <ul><li>Increase inactivity= </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sedentary jobs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cars </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Labor saving devices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Elevators, escalators & automatic doors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>TV, Nintendo, video games, DVD, etc… </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Treatment for Obesity <ul><li>Goal setting </li></ul><ul><li>Dietary Therapy </li></ul><ul><li>Physical Activity </li></ul><ul><li>Behavior Therapy </li></ul><ul><li>Drug Therapy </li></ul><ul><li>Combined Therapy </li></ul><ul><li>Surgery </li></ul>
  15. 15. Prevention for You <ul><li>Eat 5 or more servings of fruits & vegetables a day </li></ul><ul><li>Drink fewer calories </li></ul><ul><li>Limit fast food intake </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t eat in front of the TV </li></ul><ul><li>Be active in your free time </li></ul><ul><li>Take the stairs </li></ul><ul><li>Walk, run, ride your bike when you can </li></ul>
  16. 16. Prevention for Your Family & You <ul><li>Plan healthy meals that you must cook </li></ul><ul><li>Eat out less often </li></ul><ul><li>Help w/ grocery shopping for natural, unprocessed foods </li></ul><ul><li>Turn off the TV-play games, go for a walk </li></ul><ul><li>Be active </li></ul>
  17. 17. Prevention at School <ul><li>Take a PE class </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t drink soda </li></ul><ul><li>Pack healthy lunches & snacks </li></ul><ul><li>Join a sports team </li></ul><ul><li>Walk, ride your bike to school </li></ul>
  18. 18. In Your Community and Country <ul><li>Walk whenever you can </li></ul><ul><li>Make healthy choices </li></ul><ul><li>Vote for officials that encourage the development of parks, education, health care, etc… </li></ul>
  19. 19. Obesity Discrimination <ul><li>Obese people: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Have a lower marriage rate Are hired for jobs less often… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Are promoted in their jobs less often… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Are admitted to college at a lower rate… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Have fewer childhood playmates… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>… than normal weight people </li></ul></ul>
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