Introduction to java
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Introduction to java

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    Introduction to java Introduction to java Presentation Transcript

    • Introduction to Java CST200 – Week 1: Introduction to Java Instructor: Andreea Molnar
    • Outline • Aims • Basic Concepts • Strings • Arrays
    • Aim • The aim of this presentation is to emphasis on some of the material covered by the pluralsigh videos.
    • Basic Concepts • Expression: see more about them here: http://www.d.umn.edu/~gshute/java/stat ements.html • Algorithm: see a definition here: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Algorithm
    • Strings and Arrays The first letter of a String is at the position 0 and the first value of an array is at the position 0.
    • Strings Any sequence of characters, for example: String s = “Arizona”; String s = “1457 Mesa”; String s = “@u”;
    • Strings - Methods You can find all the String methods at: http://docs.oracle.com/javase/7/docs/api/j ava/lang/String.html
    • Strings - Methods public int length() – returns the length of the string String s = “CST 200”; s.length() – will return 7 as there are 7 characters in the string
    • Strings - Methods public int length() – returns the length of  the string String s = “CST 200”; s.length() – will return 7 as there are 7  characters in the string (space is count as  a separate character)
    • Strings - Methods public char charAt(int index)– returns the  character value at the specified index String s = “CST 200”; C T 0 index S 1 2 2 3 0 0 4 5 6
    • Strings - Methods public char charAt(int index)– returns the  character value at the specified index String s = “CST 200”; C S T 0 1 2 2 3 0 0 4 5 6 The first character of a String is at the  position 0!!!
    • Strings - Methods String s = “CST 200”; C S T 0 1 2 2 3 0 0 4 5 6 System.out.println(s.charAt(0));//will print C System.out.println(s.charAt(6));//will print 0 
    • Strings - Methods public int indexOf(String str) - returns the index within this string of the first occurrence of the specified substring String s = “CST 200”; C S T 0 1 2 2 3 0 0 4 5 6 System.out.println(s.indexOf(“T”)); //will print 3
    • Arrays Array is a container that holds a fixed number of values. int[] array = {10, 20, 30, 50}; 10 20 30 50 0 2 3 4 index
    • Arrays int[] array = {10, 20, 30, 50}; 10 20 30 50 0 1 2 3 To print the values of this array: System.out.println(array[0]);//will print 10 System.out.println(array[1]);//will print 20 System.out.println(array[2]);//will print 30
    • Summary • Expression definition • Algorithm definition • The first character of an array starts at position 0 • The first element of an array starts at the position 0