Homo heidelberg (1) (1)

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  • 1. Homo Heidelbergensis Brittlyn & Dana
  • 2. Table of Contents
      • Physical Features & Ages
      • Ecology
      • Geographical location
      • Fossil Examples
      • Phylogentic Relationships
      • Controversial ideas
      • Bibliography
  • 3. Physical Features
    • The Homo Heidelbergensis had unique
    • features that made them distinct
    • against other species that lived at similar
    • times, this species had:
      • Flatter, largefaces
      • An increased brain size
      • taller leaner bodies a thick browridge
      • very deep temple
      • extremely large nose 
      • weighed between 112-136lbs on average
      • Were 5 ft 2- 5ft 9 on average
    •   it is believed that they lived over 200,000-700,000 years ago .
  • 4. Ecology 
      • This was the first evident species of man to learn how to control fire
      • It was believed that they acquired traditions and customs, because fossils were found in the same area, like a burial ground.
      • Began to build simple shelters from rock and wood
      • Started to hunt large animals, such as horses ,deer, elephants, and rhinos.
      • They caught their pray with wooden spears. The Homo Heidelbergensis were great users of stone tools.
    •  
  • 5. Geographical location
      • They were discovered in 1907 in Mauer sand pits in Germany, so evidently they were located in Europe. This was the first species of human to locate itself in colder regions.
      • Fossils of the Homo Heidelbergensis were found all over Europe, Africa and parts of Asia.
  • 6. Fossil Examples
    • The earliest dated back to 700,000 years ago, and were found all over the eastern part of the world.
    • Pertralona 1
        • Discovered in petralona, greece
        • Between 150 000 and 350 000
        • years old
        • This specimen is an older man, this fossil
        • Shows the large brow ridges,
        • and and worn teeth
      • Ceprano Man
        • discovered in 1994 in Italy
        •   over 700,000 years old
        • Evident features of the characteristics of Homo Heidelbergensis
  • 7.
    • Kabwe 1
    • Found in kabwe, zambia in 1921
    • It is thought the fossil is over 300 000 to 125 000 years old
        • First fossil of a Homo Heidelbergensis to be discovered in africa
        • Resembles modern humans with a flatter, less prognathic face, and larger brain
        • Oldest skull known to have tooth cavities
  • 8. Phylogentic Relationships
    •  
  • 9.
    • these group of skulls which have features of both Homo erectus and modern human
    • The brain size is larger then the erectus but smaller then the modern human’s
    • The species most likely came after ergaster and possibly erectus
    • It may be that Heidelbergs are the closest ancestor to Homo neanderthalensis
    • But it is difficult to classify where the Homo Heidelbergensis fits in because it is still controversial
  • 10. Controversial ideas
    •   There a lot of controversial ideas that come from the Homo  Heidelbergensis, such as:
      • Is there a strong enough difference between the Homo Heidelbergensis and the erectus or H.neanderthalensis to have a new stage?
      • Did they really range from 1.3 million years ago to 200,000 years ago?  
      • What was the relative geography of this species, where did it originate from?
      • Did H. heidelbergensis have any cultural or behavioral adaptations that facilitated it living in colder climates? 
  • 11. Bibliography 
      • http://www.bbc.co.uk/science/cavemen/images/factfiles/homo_heidelbergensis_img2.jpg
      •   http://humanorigins.si.edu/sites/default/files/imagecache/lightbox/images/landscape/3.6.4-5_3pieces_burnedflint_GBYIsrae_CCl_l.jpg
      •   http://humanorigins.si.edu/resources/multimedia/image/ihomo-heidelbergensisi-male-reconstruction-based-kabwe-john-gurche-34-vie
      •   http://www.archaeologyinfo.com/homoheidelbergensis.htm