Assessment Powerpoint

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Assessment Powerpoint

  1. 1. Brittany Melton Produced as a class project at WKU for CFS 294- Fall, 2009 Assessing Children Whose Native Language is Not English
  2. 2. Preparing to Assess Children Whose Native Language is not English <ul><li>Develop a understanding of the children’s backgrounds </li></ul><ul><li>Determine if a translator is needed </li></ul><ul><li>Become knowledgeable about the child’s life </li></ul><ul><li>Analyze what is going to be assessed </li></ul>
  3. 3. English Language Learners <ul><li>According to a recent study English Language Learners hold 10% of the total school population. </li></ul><ul><li>The percentage is at an all time high and continuing to increase </li></ul><ul><li>Many English Language Learners are at a disadvantage due to poor literacy skills. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>But you can not assume that all these children come from inadequate schooling in their native countries. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. The Teachers Responsibility <ul><li>With the rise in students that have no English backgrounds it is necessary that the teachers become able to teach and conduct adequate assessments for these children. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Assessments in Different Languages <ul><li>Since the United States is becoming so diverse many assessments are offered in other languages than English. </li></ul><ul><li>It is important to remember that often in other cultures and languages some words or phrases may not be used; therefore, the child may not understand what is being asked of them, even in their native language. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Normed Assessments <ul><li>Often assessments are created for children that are White and in the middle-class social group. </li></ul><ul><li>Many professionals are not trained or knowledgeable in assessing children whose native language is not English. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Using Multiple Assessments <ul><li>When assessing any child it is important to use more than one type of assessment. With a child whose first language is not English authentic and informal assessments would be best. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>These are a few types of assessments that can be used: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Authentic assessments </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Standardized assessments </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Informal assessments </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Observations </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Standardized Assessments A test that has specified content, procedures for administration and scoring, and normative data for interpreting scores. Children whose first language is not English are required to take standardized assessments which have not been created for someone whose second language is English .
  9. 9. Authentic Assessments Learning that is real and meaningful. Achievement that is worthwhile. Authentic assessment is found to the most beneficial for children whose native language is not English. It will give the teacher information about the child’s writing ability in English and also showcase this information for the parents.
  10. 10. English in the Home Children whose first language is not English typically speak only their native language in their home. This requires that the teacher or professional provide an atmosphere for them in the classroom that allows them to use their English skills. This also applies for when they are being assessed. It may be difficult for them to be assessed in the same way as native English speakers if their only interaction with English is in the classroom.
  11. 11. Including the Parents <ul><li>Parents are key elements to the child’s success. </li></ul><ul><li>It is essential that you include them in every step of the process. </li></ul><ul><li>Before the assessment a brief description should be give and often a questionnaire. </li></ul><ul><li>After the assessment they should be informed of the results and asked to help set goals </li></ul>
  12. 12. Strategies for Teachers <ul><li>It is necessary for teachers to use strategies in order to successfully assess children whose native language is not English. </li></ul><ul><li>Strategies: </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluate what the child knows </li></ul><ul><li>Analyze what the child can do </li></ul><ul><li>Interpret the child’s growth </li></ul>
  13. 13. Analyzing the Child’s Abilities <ul><li>When assessing a child whose first language is not English it is important to determine the child’s English abilities before the assessment. </li></ul><ul><li>There may need to be a translator </li></ul><ul><li>The child may be able to speak but not write English </li></ul><ul><li>Determine if the child will comprehend each part of the assessment </li></ul>
  14. 14. Conclusion I found that when assessing a child whose native language is not English you must follow specific considerations. Here are a few: 1. Develop an understanding of the child’s background and family life 2. Involve the parents throughout the process 3. Don’t assume anything 4. Evaluate the situation before assessing the child
  15. 15. References Schulz, M.M. (2009). Effective writing assessment and instruction for young english language learners. Early Childhood Education Journal , 37, 57-62. Green, E.J. (1997). Guidelines for serving linguistically and culturally diverse. Early Childhood Education Journal , 24(3), 147-154. Wortham, S.C. (2008). Assessment in early childhood education . Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Pearson Merrill Prentice Hill.
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