Why Did WWI Happen?• The war had many causes, the assassination ofArchduke Franz Ferdinand was one of the main reasonsit all happened. World War 1 was triggered on June 28,1914 by the assassination of the Archduke FranzFerdinand of Austria and his pregnant wife Sophie.Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria was the nephew ofEmperor Franz Josef and heir to the throne of Austriaand Hungary. The assassination was planned by aSerbian terrorist group, called The Black Hand and theman who shot Franz Ferdinand and his wife was aBosnian revolutionary named Gavrilo Princip.
Why WWI Happened ContinuedSome more causes are:1) a tangle of alliances made betweencountries, to maintain a balance power inEurope, which brought about the scale ofthe conflict.2) the Bosnian Crisis where Austria-Hungarytook over the former Turkish province ofBosnia in 1909 angering Serbia.
Why WWI Happened Continued3) Countries were building their militaryforces, arms and battleships.4) Countries wanted to regain lost territoriesfrom previous conflicts and build empires.5) The Moroccan Crisis where Germanswere protesting in 1911 against theFrench possessions of Morocco
Main Battles of WWI• 1916-The Battle of Verdun- France• 1914, 1918-The Battles of the Marne-France• 1914,1915,1917 The Battles of Ypres-France• 1916-The Battle of the Somme-France• 1917-The Battle of Cambrai-France
Key People in WWI• Woodrow Wilson-(1856-1924) He was the28th President of the United States,serving two terms from 1913-1919.• Wilfred Owen- (1893-1918) He is one ofmany World War I soldiers who turned topoetry to express their horror at the war.Like one-third of all Englishmen born in1893, he was killed in France, only oneweek before the Armistice.
Key people continued• Gavrilo Princip- (1895-1918) he was a Serbiannationalist who became the catalyst for WorldWar I when he assassinated Austrian ArchdukeFranz Ferdinand in Sarajevo on June 28, 1914.• Joseph Glidden- (1813-1906) was a farmer whopatented barbed wire, which revolutionized theAmerican West and covered the battlefields ofWorld War I.
Key people continued• Manfred von Richthofen- (1892-1918),popularly known as the "Red Baron," wasthe most successful ace of World War Iwith over 80 credited air victories.
How Long Did it WWI Last?• World War I lasted from 1914-1918. Itlasted 4 years, 3 months, and 14 days
Specific Dates of WW1• June 28,1914- assassination of FranzFerdinand.• June 28,1914- Austria declared war onSerbia• Aug. 1, 1914 Germany declared war onRussia• Aug. 3, 1914 Germany declared war onFrance
Specific dates of WWI continued• Aug 4 1914- British declaration of war• Aug 1914- Battle of Tannenberg• Aug 13 1914- Japan declared war onGermany• Sept 1914- Battle of Masurian Lakes• Nov 2 1914- Russia declared war onTurkey• Nov 5 1914- Britain and France declaredwar on Turkeyz
Specific dates of WWI continued• late 1914- Early stages of the war• May 23, 1915- Italy entered the war on theside of the Allies.• May 31, 1916- Battle of Jutland• Nov. 28, 1916- First Aeroplane raid• Nov. 11, 1918- Armistice signed
What Ended the War?• The Armistice was a treaty signed at 6 amand came into force 5 hours later onNovember 11, 1918. Germany signed thetreaty because of food shortage in theircountry after the British put a navalblockage on the country. This ended thewar and that is why we have Veterans dayclose to November 11thevery year.
What Was the Outcome of WWI?• The Germany currency became worthnothing and Germany’s army was forcedto destroy all their weapons.• The League of Nations was created.• America, who was least involved in war,began to grow economically.• The rise of Adolph Hitler
Outcome of WWI continued• Treaty of Versailles made it where theGerman army was only allowed 100,000men and all tanks and air force wasbanned. Germany’s navy was reduced to6 capital naval ships and submarines werenot aloud. Germany also had to admit fullresponsibility for starting the war, and afteradmitting responsibility was forced to beresponsible for all war damage.
What Were the World Wide After-Effects of the War?• First, the World War I ended up with thedefeat of the Central Powers under theleadership of Germany.• Second, the World War I also saw thecollapse of four Empires-German,Austrian, Turkish and Russian.• Third, the World War I paved the way forthe Bolshevik Revolution in Russia.
World Wide Effects Continued• Fourth, Russia withdrew from the War by signingthe Treaty of Breast-Litovsk by which she had toaccept harsh terms dictated by Germany.• Fifth, another important result of the World War Iwas the triumph of democracy in Europe.Democratic governments were established indifferent countries of Europe.• Sixth, as a result of the World War I the trade-union movement started in different countries ata large scale. The labour became activelyconscious about their rights.
What were the US after-effects ofthe war?• The US lost many soldiers, but their casualities andfatalities were miniscule compared to those of the othercountries involved.• After the war, Americans felt that they had been toohasty in joining a war in Europe. This sentiment causeda new era of diplomacy that include not becominginvolved with European conflicts. The diplomacy ofAmerica became that unless attacked by a belligerentnation, America would not enter a war any time soon.This antiwar sentiment lasted until the 1940s when PearlHarbor was attacked, and the United States entered intothe Second World War.
PICTURES ;D Many werewounded this is awoundedChoctaw soldier.^^^German Troops^^ The open space betweentwo sets of opposingtrenches became known asNo Man’s Land because nosoldier wanted to traversethe distance for fear ofattack.