El dorado


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El dorado

  1. 1. El Dorado<br />The City of Gold<br />
  2. 2. El Dorado<br />
  3. 3. The Gilded One<br />El Dorado was first the name of a Muisca tribal chief who covered himself with gold dust and dove into Lake Titicaca as an initiation rite<br />
  4. 4. Lost City<br />Later, El Dorado came to be known as the “lost city of gold”. The city has fascinated and eluded explorers since the days of the Spanish Conquistadors.<br />
  5. 5. Location?<br />"El Dorado shifted geographical locations until finally it simply meant a source of untold riches somewhere in the Americas," says Jim Griffith, a folklorist in Tucson, Arizona.<br />
  6. 6. South America<br />
  7. 7. Origins<br /><ul><li>The origins of the city lie deep in South America
  8. 8. The tale of El Dorado does contain scraps of the truth
  9. 9. In the 16th century when Spanish explorers reached South America, they heard tales of a tribe of natives high in the Andes Mountains
  10. 10. It was rumored that gold and precious jewels were thrown into Lake Guatavita to appease a god that lived underwater</li></li></ul><li>Orellana and Pizarro<br />In 1541, Francisco Orellana and Gonzalo Pizarro departed from Quito in pursuit of the legendary city. Although the expedition was not successful, Orellana became the person known to navigate the Amazon River all the way to its mouth.<br />
  11. 11. The Amazon Basin<br />
  12. 12. Lake Guatavita<br /><ul><li>In 1545, the Spaniards found Lake Guatavita and tried to drain it in search of gold
  13. 13. They did not find El Dorado, but did find hundreds of pieces of gold along the lake’s edge</li></li></ul><li>Raleigh’s Quest<br /><ul><li>Sir Walter Raleigh made two trips to Guiana in search for El Dorado
  14. 14. During his second trip in 1617, he sent his son, Watt up the Orinoco River. SWR stayed behind and his son was killed in a battle with the Spaniards
  15. 15. SWR accused a survivor from the battle of letting his son be killed. The man went into his cabin on the ship and killed himself</li></li></ul><li>Beheading<br />Upon returning to England, SWR was ordered to be beheaded by King James for failing to avoid conflict with the Spanish<br />
  16. 16. "Over the Mountains of the Moon, down the Valley of the Shadow, ride, boldly ride…if you seek for El Dorado."<br />-Edgar Allan Poe<br />
  17. 17. "I don't think we've ever stopped seeking El Dorado."<br />-Jose Oliver, lecturer for the Institute of Archaeology, University College London<br />
  18. 18. References:<br />Drye, Willie. "El Dorado Legend." nationalgeographic.com. National Geographic, n.d. Web. 13 Apr. 2011.<br />Bandelier, A. F. A. The Gilded Man, El Dorado (New York, 1893).<br />Fernandez de Oviedo, Gonzalo Historia General y Natural de las India, islas y Tierra-Firme del Mar Oceano, Madrid: Real Academia de la Historia, 1851.<br />Freyle, Juan Rodriguez El Carnero: Conquista y descubrimiento del Nuevo Reino de Granada. ISBN 84-660-0025-9<br />Hagen, Victor Wolfgang von The Gold of El Dorado: The Quest for the Golden Man<br />Naipaul,V.S. The Loss of El Dorado, 1969<br />Nicholl, Charles The Creature in the Map, London, 1995 ISBN 0-09-959521-4<br />