The parts of speech

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The parts of speech

  1. 1. The Parts of Speech<br />By Britnee Ramirez<br />
  2. 2. Can you list the 8 parts of speech?<br />Nouns<br />Pronouns<br />Adjectives<br />Verbs<br />Adverbs<br />Preposition<br />Conjunction<br />Interjection<br />
  3. 3. Can you identify a word’s part of speech as it is used in a sentence?<br />Take this 20 question diagnostic.<br />Tally your score.<br />Don’t fix wrong answers; just write the correct answer to the side. We need to see what you have/have not mastered!<br />
  4. 4. Why should you develop your knowledge of the parts of speech?<br />CAN YOU SEE THE ERRORS BELOW?<br />Walking in his garden.<br />I am not sick; I feel good. OR I am sick; I feel badly.<br />I am a thinker; therefore, I am.<br />When I look for my own errors I cannot find them.<br />Early to bed, early to rise, makes a man healthy, wealthy, <br /> and a C.E.O.<br />
  5. 5. Nouns<br />People, places, things, qualities, or actions<br />The books sit on the shelf.<br />What are the nouns below?<br />Walking across campus takes ten minutes.<br /> The Safety Suit and The Script will be performing at Carthage College on Saturday.<br />
  6. 6. Categories of Nouns<br />Count nouns: a bike, a spoon, the bikes, the spoons<br />Mass nouns: the money, the fun, the air<br />Collective nouns: herd, group, herds, groups<br />Possessive nouns: bike’s wheel, Micah’s wallet, students’ minds<br />Common nouns: bike, spoon, money, fun<br />Proper nouns: Mrs. Ramirez, Chicago, the Packers<br />
  7. 7. Pronouns (See pg. 531-533 of Rules for Writers)<br />Take the place of a noun or noun phrase.<br />Personal Pronouns: (Singular) I, me, you, she her, he him, it<br /> (Plural) we, us, you, they, them<br />They sit on it.<br />Possessive Pronouns: (S) my, mine, your, yours, her, hers, his, is<br /> (P) our, ours, you, yours, their, theirs<br />Her books sit on my shelf.<br />Intensive/Reflexive : (S) myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself<br /> (P) ourselves, yourselves, themselves<br />The book sits on the shelf by itself.<br />
  8. 8. Less familiar pronouns<br />Relative Pronouns: who, whom, whose, which, that<br />The book, which has a torn cover, sits on the shelf.<br />Interrogative: who, whom, whose, which, what<br />Which books sit on the shelf?<br />Demonstrative: this, that, these, those<br />That is my book sitting on the shelf.<br />Indefinite: all, anything, everyone, nobody, several, etc.<br />Something sits on the shelf.<br />Reciprocal : each other, one another<br />The books sit next to one another.<br />
  9. 9. Adjectives (See Rules for Writers, pg 536, 197-203)<br />Modify (or describe) a noun or a pronoun <br />Answer these questions: <br />Which one?<br />What kind?<br />How many?<br />Articles: the, a, an<br />Possessive: my book, their book (possessive pronouns???!!!!)<br />Ordinal: third, fourth, fifth<br />Nouns used as adj.: three books, French language<br />Tencollege books sit on thetop shelf.<br />Find the adjectives below:<br />The “prairie-style” brick buildings of the UW-Parkside campus have been studied by architecture students from other schools.<br />
  10. 10. Verbs (Rules for Writers, pg 534-536)<br />Denote an action, occurrence, or state of being<br />Show the tense of the sentence (R4W pg. 216)<br />Action verbs (or main verbs) express the action of the subject.<br />Present: My cat sleeps twenty hours a day.<br />Past: My cat slept twenty hours today.<br />http://www.athabascau.ca/courses/engl/155/support/verb_tenses.htm<br />Irregular verbs have unique conjugations dependant on the tense of the sentence & whether they are singular or plural:<br />(I/We/You/They) go went see saw have seen <br />(He/She/It) goes went sees saw has seen<br />
  11. 11. Verbs Continued<br />Linking verbs link the subject to words that describe the subject.<br />My cat appears fat.<br /> What part of speech is cat?<br />Helping verbs (aka axillary verbs & modals) change the tense or the meaning of the verb.<br />My cat has slept. My cat was becoming fat.<br /> My cat may sleep. My cat could have appeared fat.<br />
  12. 12. Infinitive Verbs<br />Infinitives are verbs in their “basic” present tense form with or without the particle “to.”<br />To walk <br />(Here, “to” is a verb particle, not a preposition, so this is NOT a prepositional phrase!)<br />Often infinitives are part of a verb phrase.<br />I want to walk.<br />Infinitives CAN function like nouns.<br />To walk to the store would take too long. <br />
  13. 13. Gerunds<br />Gerunds are words that end in –ing. They can be used as multiple parts of speech.<br />Gerunds are only verbs when they have a helping verb.<br /> I am wondering whether or not this is confusing.<br />This website shows how gerunds can be used:<br />http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/627/01/<br />
  14. 14. Adverbs (See Rules for Writers, pg 537, 197-203)<br />Modify (or describe) a verb, an adjective, or another adverb.<br />Answer these questions: <br />When? (yesterday, then)<br />Where? (there, here)<br />How? Under what conditions? To what degree or extent?<br /> (quickly, slowly, extremely)<br />Now, the very outdated books sit precariously on the top shelf.<br />Find the adverbs below:<br />Today, I am well.<br /> We need to understand adverbs more clearly.<br />
  15. 15. Prepositions(See Rules for Writers, pg. 538)<br />Introduce a prepositional phrase<br />Show the relationship between the “subject” of the sentence and the “object” of the prepositional phrase.<br />Over the river and through the woods, to grandmother’s house, we go.<br />You sit in a desk inside a classroom with other students for several hours during an average day in college.<br />
  16. 16. Conjunctions (See R4W, pg. 539-540)<br />Join words, phrases, or clauses<br />Show relationship between words, phrases, or clauses<br />Coordinating Conjunctions:<br /> For<br /> And<br /> Nor<br /> But<br /> Or<br /> Yet<br /> So<br />We are familiar with coordinating conjunctions but are not sure when to use them with a comma.<br />
  17. 17. More Conjunctions<br />Correlative Conjunctions:<br />Either this fast review of the parts of speech is making sense to you, or you are very confused.<br />Subordinating Conjunctions:<br />If you are confused, do not fret. Although we are reviewing this quickly, we will continue to review parts of speech all semester.<br />Conjunctive Adverbs:<br />Conjunctive adverbs are adverbs that work like conjunctions; therefore, I’m not truly sure which part of speech they fall under.<br />
  18. 18. Interjections (See R4W, pg. 539-540)<br />Express emotion<br />Many curse words are used as interjections although the words may be nouns or verbs in other contexts.<br />Yes! This part of class period is almost done.<br />Right, that wasn’t very funny.<br />Hey, can you think of more interjections?<br />
  19. 19. Your sentences with everything<br />Work with a partner to check/correct your 2 sentences that include every part of speech.<br />Don’t cross out your original homework. Instead, write your revised version below.<br />GO!!! You only have 5 minutes. <br />

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