Unit 9: The City and The Tower Peep Uudeküll Priit Karis
Kensington Gardens & Hyde Park <ul><li>This area changed dramatically when the Great Exhibition was held in Hyde Park </li...
The Victoria And Albert Museum <ul><li>Founded in 1852, it houses  a permanent collection of over 4.5 million objects </li...
The Natural History Museum <ul><li>Opened in 1881 </li></ul><ul><li>The museum is home to life and earth science specimens...
<ul><li>In 1849 Henry Charles Harrod opened a grocery store in London. It soon became known for its excellent service and ...
Kensington Palace <ul><li>One of London’s royal palaces. </li></ul><ul><li>It has been a residence of the British royal fa...
Regent’s Park <ul><li>Named for the Prince Regent. </li></ul><ul><li>The park has an outer ring road called the Outer Circ...
Bloomsbury <ul><li>Bloomsbury is an area in the middle of London </li></ul><ul><li>It boasts garden squares and Georgian b...
Madame Tussaud’s & The Planetarium <ul><li>Madame Tussaud’s is a famous wax museum in London with branches in a number of ...
The Sherlock Holmes Museum <ul><li>The Sherlock Holmes Museum is the most popular privately run museum in London, England,...
The British Museum <ul><li>The British Museum is a museum of human history and culture. Its collections, which number more...
The Wallace Collection <ul><li>It is a museum, with a world-famous range of fine and decorative arts from the fifteenth to...
<ul><li>New Era: LDN features the broadest and most exclusive selection of New Era headwear in the world. More than half o...
The City Of London <ul><li>The City is the oldest part of London. This is where Romans set up a trading post 2000 years ag...
Southwark <ul><li>Southwark was a refuge for pleasure-seekers, prostitutes and criminals in the Middle Ages, but in the 16...
The Globe Theatre <ul><li>The Globe Theatre was a theatre in London associated with William Shakespeare. It was built in 1...
The Millennium Bridge <ul><li>The London Millennium Footbridge is a pedestrian-only steel suspension bridge crossing the R...
St Paul’s Cathedral <ul><li>Located in the City it is the greatest masterpiece among the 50 or so churches designed by Sir...
The Tower of London <ul><li>The first tower   (the White Tower) was built in 1097 in the era of William the Conqueror </li...
Tower Bridge <ul><li>One of the symbols of London </li></ul><ul><li>Completed 1894 </li></ul><ul><li>The system was electr...
Greenwich <ul><li>It is a district in south-east London </li></ul><ul><li>Wildly known as the home of time as it gave the ...
The British Airways London Eye <ul><li>It was built for the Millennium </li></ul><ul><li>The world's largest observation w...
The best-known parts of London <ul><li>Chelsea - an area of south-west London. Over the times it has been a fashionable ar...
<ul><li>24 hours in London </li></ul>A video of London
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Unit 9: London, Part 2

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Transcript of "Unit 9: London, Part 2"

  1. 1. Unit 9: The City and The Tower Peep Uudeküll Priit Karis
  2. 2. Kensington Gardens & Hyde Park <ul><li>This area changed dramatically when the Great Exhibition was held in Hyde Park </li></ul><ul><li>Today it is an area of great interest to visitors. </li></ul><ul><li>It covers an overall area of 2,5 sq km </li></ul><ul><li>In 1730, the Serpentine, an artificial lake, was created by damming a river. </li></ul><ul><li>Since 1872 the Speaker’s corner has drawn different people who have given speeches about everything under the sun. </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Victoria And Albert Museum <ul><li>Founded in 1852, it houses a permanent collection of over 4.5 million objects </li></ul><ul><li>It was founded as a result of the success of the Great Exhibition </li></ul><ul><li>It has one of the world’s richest collection of fine arts and applied arts from all periods and cultures </li></ul><ul><li>It has the largest collection of Indian art outside India </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Natural History Museum <ul><li>Opened in 1881 </li></ul><ul><li>The museum is home to life and earth science specimens comprising some 70 million items within five main collections: Botany, Entomology, Mineralogy, Palaeontology and Zoology </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>In 1849 Henry Charles Harrod opened a grocery store in London. It soon became known for its excellent service and quality </li></ul><ul><li>In 1905 it moved to its current location. </li></ul><ul><li>Today it sells quality and luxury goods </li></ul><ul><li>It occupies an area of 18,000 sq metres and has over 92,000 sq metres of selling space in over 330 departments. This makes Harrods the largest department store in the world. </li></ul><ul><li>Harrods is owned by an Egyptian businessman Mohammed Al-Fayed </li></ul>
  6. 6. Kensington Palace <ul><li>One of London’s royal palaces. </li></ul><ul><li>It has been a residence of the British royal family since the 17th century. </li></ul><ul><li>Today it is the official residence of The Duke and Duchess of Gloucester; the Duke and Duchess of Kent; and Prince and Princess Michael of Kent. </li></ul><ul><li>Until 1997, it was the official residence of Diana, Princess of Wales and of Princess Margaret until 2002. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Regent’s Park <ul><li>Named for the Prince Regent. </li></ul><ul><li>The park has an outer ring road called the Outer Circle (4.3 km) and an inner ring road called the Inner Circle . </li></ul><ul><li>The 2 sq km park is mainly an open parkland which supports a wide range of facilities including gardens, a lake, waterfowl and a boating area, sports pitches, and children's playgrounds </li></ul><ul><li>The north-east end of the park contains London Zoo </li></ul>
  8. 8. Bloomsbury <ul><li>Bloomsbury is an area in the middle of London </li></ul><ul><li>It boasts garden squares and Georgian brick terraces. </li></ul><ul><li>Until the mid-19th century it was one of the most fashionable areas of London. </li></ul><ul><li>It has been home to the University of London since 1828 </li></ul>
  9. 9. Madame Tussaud’s & The Planetarium <ul><li>Madame Tussaud’s is a famous wax museum in London with branches in a number of major cities. It was set up by wax sculptor Marie Tussaud. </li></ul><ul><li>Marie Tussaud (1761–1850) was born Marie Grosholtz in Strasbourg, France. Her mother worked as a housekeeper for Dr. Philippe Curtius, who was a physician skilled in wax modelling. Curtius taught Tussaud the art of wax modelling </li></ul><ul><li>The planetarium next door, built in 1985, no longer holds astronomy-based shows. Today it is used as a part of the wax figures exhibition. </li></ul>
  10. 10. The Sherlock Holmes Museum <ul><li>The Sherlock Holmes Museum is the most popular privately run museum in London, England, dedicated to the legendary detective Sherlock Holmes. </li></ul><ul><li>It was opened in 1990 and is situated at 239 Baker Street, near the north end of Baker Street in central London close to Regent's Park. </li></ul>
  11. 11. The British Museum <ul><li>The British Museum is a museum of human history and culture. Its collections, which number more than 7 million objects, are amongst the largest and most comprehensive in the world and originate from all continents, illustrating and documenting the story of human culture from its beginning to the present. </li></ul><ul><li>The British Museum was established in 1753, largely based on the collections of the scientist Sir Hans Sloane. The museum first opened to the public on 15 January 1759. </li></ul><ul><li>It covers an area of 54,600 sq metres and has approx. 6 million visitors a year. </li></ul>
  12. 12. The Wallace Collection <ul><li>It is a museum, with a world-famous range of fine and decorative arts from the fifteenth to the nineteenth centuries with large holdings of French 18th-century paintings, furniture, arms & armour. </li></ul><ul><li>The museum opened to the public in 1900 in Hertford House, Manchester Square. </li></ul><ul><li>The museum's collection numbers nearly 5,500 objects. </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>New Era: LDN features the broadest and most exclusive selection of New Era headwear in the world. More than half of the product is exclusive and includes a London-Inspired series. </li></ul><ul><li>New Era Flagship London 72-74 Brewer Street London </li></ul>
  14. 14. The City Of London <ul><li>The City is the oldest part of London. This is where Romans set up a trading post 2000 years ago. Later on it developed into a residential area, but the Great Fire of London burnt down nearly 80% of it. </li></ul><ul><li>Sir Christopher Wren rebuilt much of it, including many churches that later survived WWII. </li></ul><ul><li>Today it features office blocks and bank buildings. It is one of the biggest financial centres in Europe. </li></ul><ul><li>It covers an are of 2,6 sq km and the population density is 3000/sq km. </li></ul>Coat of arms
  15. 15. Southwark <ul><li>Southwark was a refuge for pleasure-seekers, prostitutes and criminals in the Middle Ages, but in the 16th century the area fell under the jurisdiction of the City. </li></ul><ul><li>People who were born in the City of London sometimes call themselves Cockneys. </li></ul><ul><li>It has seen an extensive regeneration in the last decade. Declining light industry and factories have given way to residential development, shops, restaurants, galleries and bars. It has become a major business centre with many national and international corporations, professional practices and publishers. </li></ul>
  16. 16. The Globe Theatre <ul><li>The Globe Theatre was a theatre in London associated with William Shakespeare. It was built in 1599 by Shakespeare's playing company, the Lord Chamberlain's Men, and was destroyed by fire on 29 June 1613. A second Globe Theatre was rebuilt on the same site by June 1614 and closed in 1642. </li></ul><ul><li>A modern copy of the Globe, named &quot;Shakespeare's Globe&quot;, opened in 1997. It is approximately 230 metres from the site of the original theatre. </li></ul><ul><li>Performances are produced in the 16th century style: part of the audience stands in front of the stage and there is no roof above the middle part of the theatre. </li></ul>
  17. 17. The Millennium Bridge <ul><li>The London Millennium Footbridge is a pedestrian-only steel suspension bridge crossing the River Thames, linking Bankside with the City. </li></ul><ul><li>Londoners nicknamed the bridge the Wobbly Bridge after crowds of pedestrians felt an unexpected swaying motion on the first two days after the bridge opened. The bridge was closed and modified, and further modifications eliminated the &quot;wobble&quot; entirely. </li></ul>
  18. 18. St Paul’s Cathedral <ul><li>Located in the City it is the greatest masterpiece among the 50 or so churches designed by Sir Christopher Wren. </li></ul><ul><li>The cathedral was erected between 1675 and 1710 to replace the old St Paul’s, which had burnt down. </li></ul><ul><li>The cathedral is built of Portland stone, which is a limestone from the Isle of Portland, in a late Renaissance style. </li></ul><ul><li>St Paul's was used for the marriage of Charles, Prince of Wales and Lady Diana Spencer. </li></ul>
  19. 19. The Tower of London <ul><li>The first tower (the White Tower) was built in 1097 in the era of William the Conqueror </li></ul><ul><li>It was the tallest building at that time </li></ul><ul><li>42 Beefeaters live there and guard it every day </li></ul><ul><li>The functions have been: royal residence, armoury, treasury, mint and prison </li></ul><ul><li>Ravens are the holy birds there and are cared for by the Yeoman Ravenmaster </li></ul>
  20. 20. Tower Bridge <ul><li>One of the symbols of London </li></ul><ul><li>Completed 1894 </li></ul><ul><li>The system was electrified in 1976, formerly the lifting was done by steam engines </li></ul><ul><li>The towers are 65m high, the 61m cap between are split into 2 bascules </li></ul><ul><li>Currently it houses a museum about its history </li></ul>
  21. 21. Greenwich <ul><li>It is a district in south-east London </li></ul><ul><li>Wildly known as the home of time as it gave the name to longitude 0 </li></ul><ul><li>The Royal Observatory at Greenwich is the oldest scientific institution in England , founded in 1675 </li></ul><ul><li>Also in Greenwich is The National Maritime Museum </li></ul>
  22. 22. The British Airways London Eye <ul><li>It was built for the Millennium </li></ul><ul><li>The world's largest observation wheel (135m high) </li></ul><ul><li>The fourth tallest structure in London </li></ul><ul><li>It weighs 2100 tons and takes 30 minutes to complete the circle </li></ul>
  23. 23. The best-known parts of London <ul><li>Chelsea - an area of south-west London. Over the times it has been a fashionable area. </li></ul><ul><li>Notting Hill – In west London. Became the centre for the Caribbean community in 1950s. Today the most cosmopolitan parts of London. </li></ul><ul><li>Hampstead – lies in the northern part of London. Most popular residential areas. </li></ul><ul><li>The East End – In Middle Ages was inhabited by craftsmen engaged in brewing, bleaching and vinegar- making. Many immigrant communities have settled there over the centuries </li></ul>
  24. 24. <ul><li>24 hours in London </li></ul>A video of London

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