The UK is a constitiutional and hereditary monarchy
The Queen also reigns over the Bahamas, Australia, Canada, Jamaica, etc.
The Queen’s constitutional role today is mainly symbolic and ceremonial (appoints minsters, judges, is Head if the established Church of England, has the power to declare war and make peace)
HER MAJESTY QUEEN ELIZABETH II (1950-...)
21 April 1926
Daughter of King George VI and Queen Elizabeth, sister of Margaret
Educated at home
Age of 14 first time on the BBC, 1943 first solo public engagement
By the age of 18 carrying out some of the duties of Head of State
First opening ceremony 1944 (Scotland)
Married to Lieutenant Philip Mountbatten on 20 Nov. 1947 (4 children, 7 grandchildren)
Became Queen when she was 26 years old
Country’s official hostess
The annual Dipolmatic Reception – the most elegant
The Queen’s large Christmas party at Windsor; New Year at Sandringham
THE QUEEN’S WORKING DAY (at Buckingham Palace)
Reads (newspapers, letters recieved, report by Parliament)
Once a month meeting of the Privy Council
Domestic matters with the Master of the Household
Horses! (owner and breeder)
First British sovereign to visit Russia 1994 (since the Revolution)
The Royal Yacht Britannia – second oldest in the Royal Navy
The Queen’s Flight, the Royal Train
THE QUEEN’S HUSBAND (10 June 1921)
Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh
Only son of Prince Andrew of Greece and Princess Alice of Battenberg
Both The Queen’s and Prince Philip’s great-great-grandmother is Victoria -> RELATED!
Schools in France, England and Germany before Gordonstoun School in Morayshire
Head of the School and Captain of Hockey and Cricket
THE QUEEN’S HUSBAND (10 June 1921)
1939 joined the Royal Navy (best cadet)
Lieutenant 1942 -> First Lieutenant of HMS Wallace -> 1952 Commander of HMS Magpie -> gave up upon the death of his father-in-law
Before wedding named Duke of Edinburgh, Earl of Merioneth and Baron Greenwich with the title His Royal Highness (appointed a Knight of the Garter)
President Emeritus of the WWF
Chancellor of the Universities of Edinburgh and Cambridge
The Duke of Edinburgh’s Award scheme ( 3 Award levels / service, expeditions, skills, physical recreation)
PRINCE CHARLES (14 Nov. 1948)
The Prince of Wales
Duke of Cornwall 1952
Educated at Cheam School and Gordonstoun (exchange student in Australia)
Graduated from Camridge with a BA degree and took seat in the House of Lords
On 29 July 1981 married Lady Diana Spencer
2 sons: William Arthur Philip Louis ( 21 June 1982) and Henry Charles Albert David (15 Sept 1984)
1996 Princess of Wales was killed in a car crash in Paris
9 years later married Mrs Camilla Parker Bowels
Main interests: young people, the environment, education, health, etc.
PRINCESS ANNE (1950)
Only daughter and second child
Married Lieutenant Mark Phillips 1973 -> 2 children : Peter & Zara
Marrage dissolved 1992 - > Commander Timothy Laurence of the Royal Navy
Riding Through My Life (horses!)
PRINCE ANDREW (1960) The Duke of York Always enjoyed sport, specialised as a pilot Married Sarah Ferguson in 1986, divorced 1996 2 daughters: Beatrice and Eugenie PRINCE EDWARD (1964) The Earl of Wessex In theatre production Married Sophie Rhys-Jones Lady Louise
WHO IS IN THE LINE OF THRONE?
The Prince of Wales, Heir Apparent
Prince William of Wales
Prince Henry of Wales
The Duke of York
Princess Eugene of York
The Princess Royal
THE FUTURE OF THE MONARCHY
Australia and New Zealand likely to become republics
Queen Elizabeth decided to pay taxes the same as all her people
The Royal Family (public image) has been harmed - the martial problems and scandals of the princes and their wives
The monarchy is expected to modernize
The unit of a ‘foot’ was decreed by King Henry and the standard ‘foot’ is one-third of his arm length (12 inches).
There has been a Queen of England who never lived there or even visited the country: Berengaria, who married Richard I.
Elizabeth I was all for bowling, dice, playing cards and fencing clubs, while the majority and aldermen of London were not.
George I (1714-1727) could neither speak nor write the English language.
Queen Victoria’s mother tongue was not English. The language spoken at home was German and Victoria was never able to speak English perfectly, even though she ruled the country for 64 years.
King Edward VII ordered to keep all the clocks at Sandringham, the royal residence, set half an hour fast. Several mistakes were made due to that. It took a local clockmaker from midnight to dawn to set the clocks right.
2 June 1953 was selected for the coronation of Queen Elizabeth II because meteorologists said it was the most consistently sunny day in the calendar. However, it rained on that day.