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Unit 11: Scotland: Overview and History
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Unit 11: Scotland: Overview and History






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    Unit 11: Scotland: Overview and History Unit 11: Scotland: Overview and History Presentation Transcript

    • Scotland Overview and history Madis Krinal
    • Scotland
      • Part of the United Kingdom
      • Lies on the northern part of Great Britain
      • Capital of Scotland is Edinburgh
      • About 790 islands
      • Its own systems of law and education, money, traditions and festivals
    • Language
      • Gaelic is an ancient language of Scotland.
      • Most of the Gaelic-speaking people live in the north-west and the Hebrides.
      • Most people speak the Scottish dialect of English.
    • Industries
      • Coal mining, steel production and shipbuilding have today been replaced by other areas.
      • Offshore oil and gas
      • Financial services
      • High technology
      • Fishing
      • Forestry
      • Whisky
    • History
      • The Picts populated Scotland in prehistoric times.
      • The Romans also reached northern parts of Scotland.
      • By 120 AD they had withdrawn their forces to the Hadrian wall.
      • The Picts and the Scots were united in 843 by Kenneth MacAlpine, King of Scotland.
      • The Norman kings regarded Scotland as part of their territory.
      • In 1296 William Wallace started a war of independence.
      • Edward I took the sacred Scottish Stone of Destiny from Scone to Westminster Abbey.
      • In 1314 Robert the Bruce defeated the English at Bannockburn.
      • In 1503 James IV of Scotland married Margaret Tudor, daughter of Henry VII.
      • When Henry VIII came to throne, James IV hoped to gain independence, but he was defeated.
    • Mary Queen of Scots
      • Claimed the English throne of Elizabeth I
      • She wanted to see an end to Protestantism.
      • She lost her Scottish throne and after 20 years of imprisonment, she was executed for treason.
      • Mary's son suceeded to the English throne and became James I, King of both countries.
    • Bonnie Prince Charlie
      • Descendant of the Stuart kings
      • Tried to seize the throne
      • He amassed an army of supporters and marched into England.
      • He was finally driven back and defeated at Culloden.
      • This event marked the end of dreams of freedom for the Scots.
    • Changes of the late 18 th and 19 th centuries
      • Technological progress transformed Scotland into an industrial country.
      • Local farmers were deprived of their land, which was filled with livestock.
      • Coal mining, steel production and shipbuilding were developing fast.
    • The Stone of Scone
      • In 1950 it was stolen by the Nationalists.
      • A copy was made of it while it remained missing.
      • The stone has been part of every coronation since the 13 th century.
      • Today it is in Edinburgh castle on loan.
      • It will remain on loan until it is needed to crown a new British King or Queen.
      • After the coronation it will be returned to the Scots.
    • Scotland's parliament
      • In 1979 Scotland was allowed to establish a separate assembly, but it was not established.
      • In 1999 Scotland voted for its own separate parliament.
      • It is unicameral and has 129 members elected for a four-year term.
      • The largest parties are the Labour Party, the Scottish National Party and the Conservative Party.