Unit 10: Southeast England

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Unit 10: Southeast England

  1. 1. Southeast England Sandra Lääne 11A
  2. 2. Southeast England <ul><li>once consisted of old Saxon kingdoms </li></ul><ul><li>a magnet for commuters </li></ul><ul><li>landscape - soft with green rounded hills </li></ul><ul><li>England’s oldest universities </li></ul><ul><li>Kent – fruit-growing region </li></ul><ul><li>3 regions (The Downs and Channel Coast; East Anglia; Thames Valley) </li></ul><ul><li>many historic houses of famous people (Queen Victoria, Charles Dickens, Winston Churchill) </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Downs and Channel Coast <ul><li>the first landfall for all settlers </li></ul><ul><li>the Romans built there fortifications </li></ul><ul><li>Canterbury and Winchester Cathedrals </li></ul><ul><li>important ports in Kent and Sussex </li></ul><ul><li>most populous and prosperous region in England (Stockbroker Belt) </li></ul><ul><li>the North and South Downs are parallel chalk ridges that run from east to west </li></ul>
  4. 4. Dover <ul><li>leading port for cross-channel travel </li></ul><ul><li>on the narrowest point of the English channel </li></ul><ul><li>Dover Castle (Key of England) </li></ul><ul><li>Leeds Castle </li></ul><ul><li>various royal connections </li></ul><ul><li>a garden designed by Capability Brown </li></ul><ul><li>surrounded by a lake </li></ul>
  5. 5. Canterbury <ul><li>important town since Roman times </li></ul><ul><li>Canterbury Cathedral (11 th century) the centre of the Christian Church in England </li></ul><ul><li>(longest medieval church in Europe) </li></ul><ul><li>The Canterbury Tales by Geoffrey Chaucer </li></ul>
  6. 6. The Cinque ports <ul><li>Hastings, Romney, Hythe, Sandwich, Dover </li></ul><ul><li>Cinque - French for “5” </li></ul>Beachy Head <ul><li>high chalk cliffs </li></ul><ul><li>Seven Sisters Country Park (285 hectares) </li></ul>Battle <ul><li>small town </li></ul><ul><li>Battle of Hastings </li></ul><ul><li>William the Conqueror </li></ul>
  7. 7. Hampton Court <ul><li>home of Henry VIII </li></ul><ul><li>royal palace until the 18 th century </li></ul><ul><li>a blend of Tudor and English Baroque </li></ul><ul><li>Winchester </li></ul><ul><li>capital of the ancient Kingdom of Wessex </li></ul><ul><li>Great Hall </li></ul><ul><li>home to the legendary “Round Table” </li></ul>
  8. 8. Brighton <ul><li>the largest holiday resort on the south coast </li></ul><ul><li>The Royal Pavilion (1822 by George IV) </li></ul><ul><li>narrow streets (the Lanes) </li></ul><ul><li>a large number of language schools </li></ul><ul><li>Southampton and Portsmouth </li></ul><ul><li>ports (Mayflower (1620) and Titanic (1912)) </li></ul><ul><li>Maritime Museum </li></ul><ul><li>Mary Rose – Henry VIII’s flagship </li></ul>
  9. 9. East Anglia <ul><li>between the Thames Estuary and the Wash </li></ul><ul><li>flat landscape </li></ul><ul><li>distinctive architecture and traditions </li></ul><ul><li>drained in the 17 th century – ideal for cultivation </li></ul><ul><li>1/3 Britain’s vegetables are grown there </li></ul><ul><li>cottages, churches, windmills </li></ul><ul><li>Cambridge university </li></ul>
  10. 10. Cambridge <ul><li>on the River Cam </li></ul><ul><li>university town (second oldest university (1209)) </li></ul><ul><li>Cambridge university has 31 colleges (Peterhouse, Robinson) </li></ul><ul><li>every college has a chapel, a dining-hall, a library etc </li></ul><ul><li>King’s college, founded by Henry VI (altarpiece The Adoration of the Magi by Rubens) </li></ul><ul><li>gardens – The Backs </li></ul><ul><li>punting </li></ul>
  11. 11. The Fens <ul><li>open, flat, fertile expanse </li></ul><ul><li>electric pumps </li></ul><ul><li>Ely </li></ul><ul><li>small city on a chalk hill </li></ul><ul><li>market centre </li></ul><ul><li>Ely Cathedral </li></ul><ul><li>Colchester </li></ul><ul><li>oldest record town in Britain </li></ul><ul><li>first permanent Roman colony </li></ul><ul><li>Capital of south-east England when Romans invaded </li></ul>
  12. 12. Newmarket <ul><li>the headquarter of British horse racing (first race 1622) </li></ul><ul><li>2, 500 horses </li></ul><ul><li>Newmarket’s National Horseracing Museum </li></ul><ul><li>The Broads </li></ul><ul><li>shallow lakes and waterways </li></ul><ul><li>joined by six rivers </li></ul><ul><li>The Aldeburgh Music Festival </li></ul><ul><li>musical event </li></ul><ul><li>started by composer Benjamin Britten in 1948 </li></ul>
  13. 13. Norwich <ul><li>provincial atmosphere </li></ul><ul><li>irregular street plan </li></ul><ul><li>Colman’s Mustard </li></ul><ul><li>Sandringham House </li></ul><ul><li>in royal hands since 1862 </li></ul><ul><li>in the stable is a museum for hunting, horse racing, cars and shooting </li></ul><ul><li>Epping Forest </li></ul><ul><li>Queen Elizabeth’s Hunting Lodge </li></ul><ul><li>large (2,400 ha) open space, popular with walkers </li></ul>
  14. 14. Thames Valley <ul><li>pastoral beauty </li></ul><ul><li>densely populated </li></ul><ul><li>aristocrats homes </li></ul><ul><li>the White Horse of Uffington, the Vale of the White Horse </li></ul>
  15. 15. Oxford <ul><li>university town </li></ul><ul><li>39 colleges </li></ul><ul><li>the Sheldonian Theatre </li></ul><ul><li>Bodleian Library </li></ul><ul><li>The Radcliffe Camera </li></ul><ul><li>Christ Church College </li></ul><ul><li>Oxford Story </li></ul>
  16. 16. Blenheim Palace <ul><li>built for John Churchill </li></ul><ul><li>park re-landscaped by Capability Brown </li></ul><ul><li>Hatfield House </li></ul><ul><li>Jacobean house </li></ul><ul><li>Tudor Hatfield Palace (there spent Queen Elizabeth I her childhood) </li></ul><ul><li>unique 17 th century garden </li></ul>
  17. 17. Eton college <ul><li>Britain’s most famous public school </li></ul><ul><li>founded by Henry VI (1440) </li></ul><ul><li>Princes William and Harry </li></ul><ul><li>Windsor Castle </li></ul><ul><li>oldest continuously </li></ul><ul><li>inhabited royal </li></ul><ul><li>residence in Britain </li></ul><ul><li>originally built of wood </li></ul><ul><li>St George’s Chapel </li></ul><ul><li>The Round Tower </li></ul><ul><li>Fire 1992 </li></ul>
  18. 18. Thank you for listening!

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