Table of Contents What is behaviorism? B.F Skinner How would behaviorism be observed in the classroom? Behaviorism in my classroom
What is Behaviorism? Behaviorism is a developmental theory primarily introduced by B.F Skinner It measures observable behaviors produced by a learners response to stimuli Responses to stimuli can be reinforced with positive or negative feedback Punishment is often used in eliminating or reducing incorrect actions
What is Behaviorism? Cont. In behaviorism, learning is the acquisition of new behavior through conditioning There are two types of conditioning; classical and operant conditioning Classical conditioning is when the behavior becomes a reflex response to a stimulus ( picture to the right) Operant conditioning is when there is reinforcement of the behavior by reward or punishment
B.F Skinner Burrhus Frederic Skinner was born and raised in Susquehanna, Pennslyvania. At the age of 24 he applied and was accepted to the psychology program at Harvard As Skinner experimented with rats he noticed that the responses he was recording were influenced by not only what preceded them, but what followed them as well Skinner differed from other behaviorist during that time because his main focus was what occurred after a behavior noting that the effects or repercussions of an action could influence an organisms learning By 1931 he had his PhD in psychology and was well on his way to developing operant conditioning
B.F Skinner Cont. Skinner continued to do research at Harvard until 1936 In 1945 Skinner moved to Bloomington, Indiana where he served as the chair of the psycology department until 1948 when he was offered a position as Harvard Skinner remained at Harvard for the rest of career During the 1950’s and 1960’s Skinner published and experimented extensively 1957 he published his book Verbal Behavior
How would it be observed in theclassroom? The purpose of behaviorism is to shape behavior (geared towards a certain outcome) by using positive or negative feedback. Reasons that this would be beneficial in a classroom is that it: 1) shapes behavior quickly 2) learner adapts to the environment 3) behavior can be measured
How would it be observed in the classroom? Cont. An example of how behaviorism would be used in the classroom to shape behavior quickly could involve a teacher giving “on-time” points to students that arrived to class on time that allowed them to purchase something from the school store. An example of how behaviorism allows the learner to adapt would be that students learn to write in their journals every day for this they would receive a sticker An example of how behaviorism allows the teacher to measure behavior would be students taking tests to whether or not they could answer the questions correctly.
Behaviorism in my classroom I am a main supporter of behaviorism in the classroom and will be using this learning theory daily. I plan to incorporate behaviorism in my own class from the very first day. I believe that this learning theory is most effective in gaining a desired outcome from students. I hope that I can incorporate behaviorism in my classroom in a very fun way!
Behaviorism in my classroomcontinued Some ways I wish to incorporate behaviorism in my classroom is by having certain rewards set up around the school year that students may or may not earn depending on their behavior. An example of this could be students will receive a special reward after receiving 10 A’s in a row on multiplication quizzes Another example could include the student that observed the best behavior that week will be allowed special privileges for the following week ( such as line leader, teacher’s helper, etc.)