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Popovich behaviorism

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  • 1. Learning theory-BehaviorismBy Britany Popovich
  • 2. Table of Contents What is behaviorism? B.F Skinner How would behaviorism be observed in the classroom? Behaviorism in my classroom
  • 3. What is Behaviorism? Behaviorism is a developmental theory primarily introduced by B.F Skinner It measures observable behaviors produced by a learners response to stimuli Responses to stimuli can be reinforced with positive or negative feedback Punishment is often used in eliminating or reducing incorrect actions
  • 4. What is Behaviorism? Cont. In behaviorism, learning is the acquisition of new behavior through conditioning There are two types of conditioning; classical and operant conditioning Classical conditioning is when the behavior becomes a reflex response to a stimulus ( picture to the right) Operant conditioning is when there is reinforcement of the behavior by reward or punishment
  • 5. B.F Skinner Burrhus Frederic Skinner was born and raised in Susquehanna, Pennslyvania. At the age of 24 he applied and was accepted to the psychology program at Harvard As Skinner experimented with rats he noticed that the responses he was recording were influenced by not only what preceded them, but what followed them as well Skinner differed from other behaviorist during that time because his main focus was what occurred after a behavior noting that the effects or repercussions of an action could influence an organisms learning By 1931 he had his PhD in psychology and was well on his way to developing operant conditioning
  • 6. B.F Skinner Cont. Skinner continued to do research at Harvard until 1936 In 1945 Skinner moved to Bloomington, Indiana where he served as the chair of the psycology department until 1948 when he was offered a position as Harvard Skinner remained at Harvard for the rest of career During the 1950’s and 1960’s Skinner published and experimented extensively 1957 he published his book Verbal Behavior
  • 7. How would it be observed in theclassroom? The purpose of behaviorism is to shape behavior (geared towards a certain outcome) by using positive or negative feedback. Reasons that this would be beneficial in a classroom is that it: 1) shapes behavior quickly 2) learner adapts to the environment 3) behavior can be measured
  • 8. How would it be observed in the classroom? Cont. An example of how behaviorism would be used in the classroom to shape behavior quickly could involve a teacher giving “on-time” points to students that arrived to class on time that allowed them to purchase something from the school store. An example of how behaviorism allows the learner to adapt would be that students learn to write in their journals every day for this they would receive a sticker An example of how behaviorism allows the teacher to measure behavior would be students taking tests to whether or not they could answer the questions correctly.
  • 9. Behaviorism in my classroom I am a main supporter of behaviorism in the classroom and will be using this learning theory daily. I plan to incorporate behaviorism in my own class from the very first day. I believe that this learning theory is most effective in gaining a desired outcome from students. I hope that I can incorporate behaviorism in my classroom in a very fun way!
  • 10. Behaviorism in my classroomcontinued Some ways I wish to incorporate behaviorism in my classroom is by having certain rewards set up around the school year that students may or may not earn depending on their behavior. An example of this could be students will receive a special reward after receiving 10 A’s in a row on multiplication quizzes Another example could include the student that observed the best behavior that week will be allowed special privileges for the following week ( such as line leader, teacher’s helper, etc.)