Africa Our humble beginnings Our first 150,000 years of existence as homo sapiens was exclusively in Africa. Homo sapiens first emerged in the grasslands of eastern and southern Africa following in the footsteps of many other hominid species before it. Our early ancestors were very simple with stone tools, hand axes and stone blades. Hunting, fishing and gathering food became ways of survival. <Pictures of Africa>
The very first Human Societies Early Paleolithic societies had small numbers existing in tribes. At the time world population among homo sapiens was only 10,000 . Depending on wild plants and animals these tribes would move around often in order to find new resources. Even though these early homo sapiens weren't fully language developed and had very little intelligence as a group they could roam together happily, free from kings ,government or pharaohs because no authority had been established yet.
Agricultural in 10,000 B.C.E – 3000 B.C.E The agricultural revolution can be described as the deliberate cultivation of particular plants as well as the taming and breeding of particular animals. Once the ice age had passed the weather conditions started to allow the early homo sapiens to begin developing agriculture. Also at the end of the ice age the homo sapiens had been migrating across the planet .
Globalization of Agriculture Agriculture begins expanding all over the earth as farming is the chosen survival method. Expanded Diffusion which is the gradual spread of agricultural techniques and colonization which people using agriculture spreaded the news to those who hadn't started using agriculture or languages yet.
First Civilizations First civilizations began in 3500 B.C.E to 3000 B.C.E . Some of the first civilizations included the Egyptians located by the Nile River valley in Northeastern Africa. These Egyptian civilizations had Pharaohs and pyramids.
Hierarchies Even Amongst the First Civilizations there was wealth, status and power. The upper class enjoyed land, salaries and able to avoid physical labor, had finest of everything. The Bottom of the social hierarchies were slaves. Slaves would be put to work in large scale semi industrial weaving enterprises. Slaves would work in the fieslds,they were available for sale.
Kings, Elite and High officials These kings,officails and their families lived a lavish lifestyle in palaces with clothing brilliantly flashy. When one would pass away the burial would be one of an elaborate grave. The Egyptians pharaohs had the most power and wealth.